Bus Rapid Transit [BRT]

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Mar 29, 2022, 8:07

A Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Corridor is a transit system that permits fast and cost-effective movement of regular bus services. A BRT is a typical feature for metro cities plagued with traffic woes. It is designed to incorporate dedicated bus lanes and stations aligned centrally on the road and allow frequent operations for buses and quick fare collection services. BRT offers convenient and quicker bus services than regular bus services when built correctly.

High-quality BRT corridors are associated with enhanced travel speeds and smoothening of traffic flow, which is ultimately expected to lower the emission of greenhouse gases.

What Is a Bus Rapid Transit [BRT] Corridor?

A BRT corridor can be considered a section of the road that serves as a bus route built with dedicated bus lanes. Only specific BRT corridors can be labelled under the BRT standard. According to the BRT standard, a corridor must have the following essential features to qualify as a BRT.

  • It must be at least 3 km long and built with dedicated lanes.
  • Score at least 4 points in a dedicated right of way element.
  • Score at least 4 points for the busway alignment element.
  • Score at least 20 points in all five BRT elements.
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Advantages Of Bus Rapid Transit Corridor

There are several advantages of BRT corridors that make them a suitable infrastructural feature of modern metro cities:

  1. The overall vehicle kilometres passengers travel within the city can be brought down exponentially. BRT corridors shift sizeable commuters from individual vehicles to high-capacity bus systems, which can carry a heavy multiple of people at a time compared to the former.
  2. Installing new BRT corridors makes it possible for the city authorities to demolish old and polluting vehicles and bring newer and more efficient ones in their place.
  3. The efficiency of traffic movement due to BRT corridors leads to a positive impact on greenhouse gas emissions and help to bring down air pollution.
  4. A well-structured BRT corridor system contributes to bringing down traffic-related accidents and reduces the number of fatalities on the road.
  5. The passenger boarding system can be enhanced significantly through a system of pre-paid booking and level platforms.
  6. The higher frequency of the bus service minimizes the waiting time for passengers, which saves their travelling time.

Elevated Bus Rapid Transit System

The Government of Hyderabad started the very first elevated bus rapid transit system, which connects the city with the airport. As per the vision of the bus system, a viaduct will be built on piers that are similar to the metro rail projects but at a lesser height. On this corridor, twin or three electric buses will run exclusively and connect several highly prominent locations.

Several features highlight how BRT corridors are different from regular lanes for vehicles.

  • At intersections, priority will be given to BRT.
  • There will be reduced passengers delays due to purchasing fares and boarding processes.
  • Travel will become faster and reduce the traffic congestion caused due to mixing of buses with other vehicles.
  • The system will bring efficiency and cost-effectiveness to the simplicity of a bus system.
  • Gives a straightforward way to reduce air pollution.
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FAQs on Bus Rapid Transit [BRT]

Q.1. What was the first rapid transit system in India and the world?

The first Bus Rapid Transit [BRT] system was launched in Curitiba in Brazil. It was termed the Integrated Transport Network at the time. In India, the first BRT was the Rainbow Bus Transit System started in Pune in 2006.

Q.2. What are the features of Delhi BRT?

The first route of the bus rapid transit system in Delhi opened in 2008. However, owing to difficulties in access, the system was heavily criticized and was scrapped in 2016.

Q.3. What kind of boarding platform is used in BRT?

Stations at a BRT corridor should be built at platform level with the bus, making it easier for passengers to board and de-board and making the bus accessible to wheelchairs, strollers, and similar amenities.

Q.4. What is the Bus Rapid Transit [BRT] standard?

The Bus Rapid Transit BRT Standard is a scorecard that shows the different criteria and points values, describing several categories such as BRT basics, service planning and infrastructure.