Vitamins Chart List: Check Different Types of Vitamin

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Feb 3, 2022, 7:54

There are 13 vitamins in the human body:

 A, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7 (Biotin), B9 (Folate), B12, C, D, E and K.

 The name "vitamins" was coined in 1912 by the Polish biochemist Kazimierz Funk.

What is a Vitamin?

Vitamins were named so because they were isolated from raw foods. They are organic compounds essential for the growth and normal functioning of the body. Vitamins cannot be synthesized by the body and can only be acquired through diet.

 Some vitamins are stored in the body, but others need to be consumed daily.

 There are two types of vitamins: water-soluble vitamins and fat-soluble vitamins. Water-soluble vitamins dissolve easily in water and include Vitamin C and the B vitamins (thiamin (B1), riboflavin (B2), niacin etc.). Fat-soluble vitamins dissolve in fat and include Vitamins A, D, E and K.

Different Types of Vitamins-All vitamins food list

The two most common vitamins are vitamins A and C. Vitamin A is essential for vision, immune system, reproduction and cell division. Vitamin C is an antioxidant that helps prevent free radical damage to the body.

Vitamins can be found in various food sources such as meat, fish, eggs, fruits, vegetables and dairy products. Some vitamins can also be found in dietary supplements and multivitamins/multimineral products.

Vitamin name List and Mineral Supplements

Vitamin and mineral supplements are available in many forms, including tablets, capsules, liquids, powders, granules and pastes. Some may also be available as skin patches or as a vaginal insert.

To get the most benefit from supplements, always read the label to determine precisely what is in them. The basic information you should look for on a supplement label includes:

The amount of the vitamin or mineral in each dosage (25 milligrams or 250 micrograms). If there is more than one form of the nutrient, the amount of each form is also listed.

Here is a tabular format of vitamin list with the name:

Vitamin

Nature

Function

Deficiency

Retinol (A)

Fat-soluble

Vision, Reproduction and Immunity

Night-blindness

Calcium (C)

Water-soluble

For bone health and stability

Scurvy

Thiamine (B1)

Water-soluble

Growth, development and cellular agility

Beri-beri

Nicotinamide (B3)

Water-soluble

The antioxidant helps in the repair of DNA and acts as a co-enzyme

Pellagra

Pantothenic Acid (B5)

Water-soluble

Reduce cholesterol levels in the blood

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Pyridoxine (B6)

Water-soluble

Metabolism has a co-enzyme function

Immune System Disorder and Seizures

Folic Acid (B9)

Water-soluble

Pregnancy, development of the foetus and food metabolism

Anaemia, fatigue, weakness

Cyanocobalamine (B12)

Water-soluble

Red-blood cell function and DNA stability

Grave's Disease and Lupus

Beta Carotene

Fat-soluble

Antioxidant

Oxidative stress and resulting damage

Ergocalciferol (D2)

Fat-soluble

Parathyroid Gland

Hypoparathyroidism

Tocopherol (E)

Fat-soluble

Antioxidant, protection from oxidative damage

Cell Membrane damage especially red blood cells (RBC's)

Cholecalciferol (D3)

Fat-soluble

Absorption of calcium and maintaining strength and integrity of your bones

Rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults

Phylloquinone (K1)

Fat-soluble

Formation of clotting factors in the blood

Poor clotting function results in haemorrhage in severe cases.

 

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FAQs about Vitamins Chart List

  • How many vitamins are there?

There are 13 vitamins- A, C, D2, D3, E, K, Beta Carotene and B (B1, B3, B5, B9 and B12), respectively, as seen in the vitamins chart above. 

  • What does the deficiency of Vitamin D cause in children and adults?

 Vitamin D deficiency causes rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults. 

  • Is vitamin E water-soluble or fat-soluble?

Vitamin E is fat-soluble, as seen in the list of the vitamins above.

  • What are the two broad categories of vitamins?

Vitamins are classified into broadly two categories- water-soluble and fat-soluble.