List of North India States with their Respective Capitals and Chief Minister

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Feb 4, 2022, 13:17

India is a vast country. Hence, for the proper administration and geographical and cultural studies, the country is often divided into a few sections or groups. The northern part of the country, which is often referred to as North India, is one of the groups. Interestingly, the states which fall in this category are loosely described - for example, as per the Ministry of Home Affairs, the northern territory comprises Punjab, Rajasthan, Haryana, and Himachal Pradesh alongside the union territories of Delhi, Chandigarh, Ladakh, and Jammu and Kashmir. However, the Ministry of Culture excludes Delhi from its north Indian states list and includes Uttarakhand, while the Geographical Survey of India excludes Rajasthan and Chandigarh from their list of the north Indian states of India while including both Delhi and Uttarakhand. 

The North Indian States List According to the Ministry of Home Affairs

Since the descriptions of the north Indian states differ according to various government bodies, most of the administrative work is carried out according to the rules laid down by the Ministry of Home Affairs. Here's India's north zone states list as laid down by the MHA: - 

Sr. No. 

State/Union Territory Name

Capital

Chief Minister

1

Haryana

Chandigarh

Manohar Lal Khattar

2

Himachal Pradesh

Shimla

Jairam Thakur

3

Punjab

Chandigarh

Charanjit Singh Channi

4

Rajasthan

Jaipur

Ashok Gehlot

5

Chandigarh

NA

NA

6

Delhi

NA

Arvind Kejriwal

7

Jammu and Kashmir

Srinagar/Jammu

NA

8

Ladakh

Leh

NA

What are the Geographical Features of the North Indian States?

Roughly, the north Indian states are guarded by the mighty Himalayas in the north, the Indo-Gangetic plains towards the south and the east, while the dominant geographical feature towards the west is the arid Indian desert - the Thar. Interestingly, the Himalayas make up a natural border demarcating India from the Tibetian Plateau and the Karakorams of Central Asia. 

What are the Dominant Languages Spoken in the North Indian States of India?

India is a country where innumerable languages are spoken even today. The northern part of the country is no different. Most of the states in North India have their own vernacular languages. Some of the languages spoken widely are Hindi, Urdu, Dogri, Kashmiri, Punjabi, Bangru, and English. 

New Delhi - The Capital of India

One of the most important territories in the northern part of the country is Delhi. An erstwhile seat of the Mughals, Delhi is a union territory that is often known as the National Capital Territory of Delhi and comprises New Delhi, the capital of India. 

Delhi is one of the country's major business, administrative, political, and tourist destinations. Along with Noida, Gurgaon, Faridabad, and Ghaziabad, Delhi has termed the NCR or the country's National Capital Region. As many as 111 companies ranked among the Fortune 500's have their offices in Delhi NCR. Besides, the official residences of the President of India and the Prime Minister of India are situated in New Delhi.

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FAQs about the North India States

  • Which is the northern-most state of India or union territory of India?

Jammu and Kashmir is the northern-most state/union territory of India.

  • How many union territories are there in India's north zone states list?

There are four union territories in North India. 

  • Which is the most important state/union territory in the India north zone states list?

Delhi is the most important union territory in North India.