Father of Science - Why Galileo Galilei is Father of Science?

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Mar 28, 2023, 21:23

Galileo Galilei is popularly known as the Father of Science. He was a teacher, philosopher, astronomer, and physicist known to be an important part of the scientific revolution. Because of his experimental scientific methodologies, he is called the Father of Modern Astronomy, the Father of Modern Physics, and the Father of Science.

Galileo's experiments involved the study of scientific possibilities and experiments. His research in scientific experiments has become the cornerstone for unravelling the mysteries of nature and the universe. We have shared further information about the Father of Science here.

About the Father of Science (Galileo Galilei)

The Father of Science, Galileo Galilei was born on 15th February 1564 in Pisa, Italy. He studied at the University of Pisa, where he studied to become a doctor after getting a medical degree, but he never finished his education. The Father of Science dropped out in 1589 but taught math at the same university on account of being enamoured with the subject.

Here are some more details about the life of the Father of Science.

  • Galileo began studying physical phenomena such as motion and gravity and also worked on several manuscripts, lectures, and treatises.
  • After his college teaching profession, the Father of Science was endowed with another prominent position, despite his criticism of Aristotle.
  • During this time in which he was sentenced to house arrest by the Church inquisition for supporting the Copernican heliocentric theory, he returned to his work in the fields of applied physics, kinematics (or mechanical engineering), and materials engineering.
  • The Father of Science died while under house arrest on 8th January 1642.

Father of Science - Contributions

Galileo's scientific research was not limited to any particular field. Here are the details about some of the contributions and interest areas of the Father of Science.

  • Galileo Galilei was well versed in the characteristics of the moon, the phases of Venus, the four moons and sunspots of Jupiter, and the astronomical observations of the time.
  • Besides being the Father of Science, Galileo was also an enthusiastic thinker, optimizing the telescope for military and scientific use and geometric calculations.
  • His telescope was then used to improve the accuracy of the ballistic and military compass at the time.
  • The Father of Science also published seminal works such as Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems in 1632.
  • It consists of a discussion based on the scientific Enlightenment, Galileo's astronomical observations and theories, and Aristotle's view of the universe in the Ptolemaic theory.

Father of Science - Criticism

The Father of Science was subject to some major controversies and criticisms. Galileo's contemporaries recognized the danger of conflicting with the teachings of the Church. But by the early 17th century, the Church's message on scientific research was mixed.

The Church took decisive action against the Father of Science five years after the publication of his treatise, Sidereus Nuncius (Starry Messenger). He was summoned before the 1615 Roman Inquisition and warned against prosecuting anything related to the heliocentric theory. Later, in 1633, he was found guilty of propagating Copernicus' theory and was sentenced to life.

Father of Science - Impact

Galileo was called the Father of Science because of his compelling and clear observations in the field. He pioneered the experimental scientific method and introduced the utility of the refracting telescope in making substantial astronomical discoveries. He is thus also often referred to as the "father of modern astronomy" and the "father of modern physics."

Galileo's comprehensive contribution to modern science led to the systematic implementation, development, and explanation of scientific methods. Here are some of the impact of the Father of Science’s theories and experiments:

  • In October 1989, NASA launched Galileo, the first unmanned research spacecraft to orbit Jupiter, sending probes into the planet's atmosphere and completing an asteroid fly-by.
  • The European Union and the European Space Agency built a 30-satellite GPS called the Galileo Positioning System, which began operations in 2016.

Important Current Affairs Topics

World Heritage DayMumbai Indians Players List
RCB Players ListSRH Players List
DC Players ListKKR Players List
RR Players ListPBKS Players List
LSG Players ListGT Players List

FAQs on Father of Science

Q1. Who is the Father of Science?

Galileo Galilei is known as the Father of Science. He discovered 4 moons on Jupiter by using a refracting telescope on 7th January 1610 - a discovery that led to his fame. Besides the Father of Science, Galileo is also known as the Father of Astronomy.

Q2. Why is Galileo Galilei known as the father of science?

Galileo Galilei is known as the Father of Science because of his extensive research and scientific experiments. Galileo is credited with some of the major discoveries and scientific theories. He was also the person to discover the 4 moons of Jupiter.

Q3. Who are the three fathers of science?

Three key scientists, experimenters, and discoverers are known as the three fathers of science:

  • Galileo Galilei: The Father of Physics
  • Albert Einstein: The Father of Modern Physics
  • Isaac Newton: The Father of Modern Physics

Q4. Who is the Father of Modern Science?

Galileo Galilei is known as the father of modern science. He made significant contributions to the field of science, astronomy, etc. Galileo was an enthusiastic thinker, optimizing the telescope for military and scientific use and geometric calculations.