World Autism Awareness Day [2nd April]

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 5, 2022, 7:01

Every year on April 2, the authorities of 'Autism Speak' celebrate World Autism Month. The month begins with the celebration of the 15th annual World Autism Awareness Day (or International Autism Awareness Day) on April 2.

In this blog, we will discuss Autism and why it is important to observe International Autism Awareness day.

History of World Autism Awareness Day

The United Nations aims to celebrate the diversity and well being of persons with specific disabilities or differences from the other world. Keeping this motive in mind, April 2 was chosen as World Autism Awareness Day by The United Nations General Assembly. Its resolution was passed on November 1, 2007.

International Autism Awareness day is regarded as one of the most essential seven official health-specific UN Days.

What is Autism?

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a condition that inculcates the typical developmental disorder. This syndrome involves a developmental or neurodevelopmental disorder that leads to the impairment of a child's physical, mental, and social development skills and lasts for a lifetime.

It impacts the child's ability to function in society. The more they are affected, the higher the amount of care they will need. It is a significant public health concern all around the world.

Common Causes of World Autism Awareness Day

A variety of factors cause Autism:

  • Identical twins are at a higher risk of developing Autism. If one of the two twins has Autism, the other twin is likely to have it
  • Marriage between blood relatives
  • Pregnant women who are sometimes exposed to chemicals, such as alcohol or medicines, can develop Autism
  • Heavy metals and environmental pollutants exposure
  • Some viral infections

Signs and symptoms of World Autism Awareness Day

Improper social conduct

The majority of young people with ASD struggle with social interaction. Body postures, eye contact, unexpected responses to strangers, no or little social smiling and other emotions, and the youngsters preferring to be alone are signs of impaired social interactions.

Difficulty in communication

Children with ASD find it difficult to communicate. There will be a lag in linguistic development. Words or deeds could be repeated regularly, and they will be unable to put words together and construct sentences.

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Significance of World Autism Awareness Day

International Autism Awareness Day is celebrated to promote the awareness of people affected with Autism worldwide. Children in school and working people are educated at their workplaces about the cause and prevention of Autism.

According to the United Nations, inclusive education is the key to the transformative promise of the Sustainable Development Goals, to leave no one behind.

World Autism Awareness Day is organised by the United Nations Department of Global Communications and the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs.

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World Autism Awareness Day 2022 Theme

The 2022 World Autism Awareness Day highlighted the topic of inclusive education in the context of SDG 4. The day's events included a virtual ceremony with presentations given by self-advocates, educators, and other experts.

This year's theme was related to last year's theme, "Inclusion in the Workplace." All the panellists in the 2021 event emphasised the importance of including people and children who have Autism to showcase their potential and talent and achieve success.

We observe International Autism Awareness Day highlight the importance of helping improve the quality of life of people who have Autism. Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) children need help and support in their everyday lives, and spreading awareness would ensure that society, in general, is more knowledgeable and sensitive towards them.

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FAQs on World Autism Awareness Day

Q.1. What is World Autism Awareness Day?

Every year, the authorities of Autism Speak celebrate World Autism Month. This month begins with the celebration of World Autism Awareness Day on April 2.

Q.2. When do we observe World Autism Awareness Day?

World Autism Awareness Day is observed on April 2.

Q.3. World Autism Awareness day has been celebrated for how many years?

The 15th annual World Autism Awareness Day was celebrated in 2022.

Q.4. What is Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and what does it have to do with World Autism Awareness Day?

This syndrome involves a developmental or neurodevelopmental disorder that leads to the impairment of a child's physical, mental, and social development skills and lasts for a lifetime. This has an impact on a child's ability to function in society. World Autism Awareness Day is celebrated to create awareness among people about Autism spectrum disorder so that no one is ignorant.

Q.5. What are some signs and symptoms of ASD and why is this knowledge important with reference to World Autism Awareness Day?

Improper Social conduct, stereotypic motions, and difficulty in communication are some symptoms of ASD. Knowing these signs is important because it would sensitise people and make life a little easier for people with the disorder. World Autism Awareness Day is celebrated on April 2 every year in order to educate people on these.