United Nations Day - History, Significance, Aim

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Mar 3, 2022, 4:41

Since its inception, the United Nations has been an essential global forum for solving complex problems that affect people everywhere. After World War II, the organization celebrates its birth on United Nations Day, October 24, 1945, to prevent another conflict of that magnitude.

United Nations Day Significance

On United Nationals Day in 1945, the United Nations Charter came into force when most of its signatories, including the five permanent members of the Security Council, ratified it. The Charter was signed at a conference in San Francisco in June 1945 by 50 countries. Poland, which was not represented at the meeting, signed it later and became one of the original 51 Member States.

Today, there are 193 Member States of the United Nations. They work together to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations and promote social progress, better living standards, and human rights.

Aim of the United Nations (UN)

The UN Secretary-General convenes special meetings and issues a message on that day. In addition, the UN Peace Bell is rung at UN Headquarters and its other offices around the world. The UN aims to facilitate cooperation in international law, security, economic development, social progress, human rights, and achievement of world peace.

Today, the organization's primary purposes are:

  • Maintaining international peace and security.
  • Developing friendly relations among nations.
  • Achieving international cooperation in solving global economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.
  • Being a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations in attaining these ends.

United Nation Day

On October 24, 1945, China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, the United States, and most other signatories ratified the United Nations Charter. This day has been celebrated since then every year as United Nations Day.

The anniversary of this international agreement - a milestone in history - is an occasion for looking back on past achievements and forward to the tasks ahead. It is an opportunity to commemorate and reflect upon what the United Nations is doing for them and what they can do for their organization. It is also a time to remind governments that they have pledged themselves "to unite our strength to maintain international peace and security" under the United Nations Charter.

There have been wars and conflicts between nations; however, it becomes even more tragic when we consider that fellow human beings were also killed during these times. Perhaps if there had been more emphasis on unity among people, fewer wars would have been. The objective behind observing this day is to foster international peace and unity among countries and people worldwide.

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FAQs on United Nations' Day

Q.1) What is the United Nations' purpose?

The purpose of the United Nations is for all nations to work for peace and development based on the principles of justice, human dignity, and the well-being of all people.

Q.2) Why is United Nations Day celebrated?

The official United Nations Day 'celebrates' the anniversary of the UN Charter's entry into force in 1945.

Q.3) What date is the United Nations day celebrated on?

The United Nations day is celebrated on October 24.