World Soil Day [December 5]

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 6, 2022, 8:06

World Soil Day is celebrated every year on the 5th of December. The day is also known as the International Soil Day in several countries. In India, the Indian Council of Agricultural Research is responsible for conducting a celebration of World Soil Day.

World Soil Day Significance

The International Union of Soil Sciences recommended the celebration of this day. The recommendation was made in 2002. Under the Kingdom of Thailand's Leadership, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has supported the formal foundation of WSD as a global awareness-raising platform within the scope of the Global Soil Partnership. On the 5th of December, 2014, the first official World Soil Day was celebrated by the UN General assembly.

The 5th of December was chosen to celebrate International Soil Day as it marks the birth anniversary of H.M. King Bhumibol Adulyadej. This person was behind the inception of this day.

Awards Given out on World Soil Day

Two important awards are given out to people on World Soil Day. These awards are:

  • The King Bhumibol World Soil Day Award is given out to an individual, a country, or any organisation that organises the best and the most exciting activities on World Soil Day for people to enjoy. The award is based on last year's performance.
  • The Glinka World Soil Prize: This award is presented to some change-makers who come up with innovative solutions to one of the most pressing problems on the earth- Soil Degradation. People who contribute significantly to soil management are honoured and awarded on the International Soil Day.

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The Theme of World Soil Day

The theme for World Soil Day 2022 is yet to be released. However, knowing the previous year's theme is equally important. The theme for World Soil Day 2021 was "Halt soil salinisation, boost soil productivity." This theme highlighted the degrading quality of the soil and how different measures must be taken to protect the soil.

In 2020, the theme of International Soil Day was "Keep soil alive, protect soil biodiversity." Soil, as we all know, is home to millions of organisms. Every year, due to different kinds of pollution and deforestation, the top layer of the soil gets washed away. Therefore, it is important to protect this top layer of soil that gets lost or washed away.

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World Soil Day History

In June 2013, the FAO conference unanimously backed World Soil Day and proposed its official ratification at the 68th United Nations General Assembly. At its 68th session in December 2013, the United Nations General Assembly declared the 5th of December to be World Soil Day. On the 5th of December, 2014, the first World Soil Day was observed.

Soil is one of the most important resources that the earth has given us. In recent years, the quality of the soil has degraded, and it is making agricultural activities difficult. Therefore, it is important to celebrate International Soil Day to spread awareness about the soil and what it takes to keep it healthy.

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FAQs on World Soil Day

Q.1. When is World Soil Day celebrated?

World Soil Day is celebrated every year on the 5th of December.

Q.2. What was the theme of World Soil Day 2021?

The theme of World Soil Day 2021 was Halt soil salinisation, boost soil productivity."

Q.3. Who was the pioneer of World Soil Day?

H.M. King Bhumibol Adulyadej, the king of Thailand, was the pioneer of World Soil Day.

Q.4. When was the first World Soil Day celebrated?

The first World Soil Day was celebrated on the 5th of December, 2014.

Q.5. Where was the first World Soil Day celebrated?

The first World Soil Day was celebrated at the UN General Assembly.