The Government of Delhi has begun using Pusa Decomposers, encouraging other states to adopt this method as a solution to the burning of stubble. Recently, the biodegradation technique was developed by scientists, which was given the name "Pusa Decomposer," to convert crop stubble into compost.
Pusa Decomposer - Overview
- Pusa Decomposer is provided in the shape of capsules which are fabricated by extracting fungal stalks that help rice straw decompose much faster than normal. Fungi help produce the enzymes needed for the decomposition process.
- The preparation of the Degradation mixture: Prepare liquid formulations using decomposition capsules, ferment them for 8-10 days, and then spray the mixture onto the stubble field of the crop to ensure rapid biodegradation of the stubble. increase.
- The volume of the mixture: Farmers can prepare a 25-litre liquid mixture containing 4 capsules, jaggery, and chickpea flour that is enough to cover 1 hectare of land.
- Time: It takes about 20 days to complete the degradation process. Under normal circumstances, it takes at least 45 days to decompose finely irrigated rice straw when mixed with soil.
Benefits of Pusa Decomposer
The decomposer enhances productivity and soil fertility as the stubble acts as fertiliser and compost for the crop, reducing the consumption of fertiliser required in the future.
- As a result of burning stubble, the soil loses its strength and destroys beneficial bacteria and fungi in the soil in addition to polluting the environment.
- Stopping designer stubble is an efficient, effective, inexpensive, feasible, and practical technique.
- This is an eco-friendly and sustainable environment-friendly technology that helps Swachh Bharat fulfil its mission.
- Organic decomposers are made up of a blend of seven different fungi that produce multiple digestive enzymes, like cellulose, pectin, and lignin. These fungi tend to grow at temperatures between 30 and 32 degrees Celsius. This is the ideal temperature for harvesting rice and sowing wheat.
Key Points About PUSA Decomposers
Pusa Decomposers this scientific invention and discovery came amid pollution problems in Delhi and northern India. The issue of SMOG and pollution was on an ever-increasing high and the region was covered in smoke during the winter due to the burning of stubble.
Using a bio-decomposer is an efficient, effective, and inexpensive choice to stop the ill practice of burning stubble. It's very convenient and easy to get to. In addition, it is extremely ecologically safe as a technology that helps solve air pollution problems in major cities in North India. The practice of using Pusa Decomposers is considered a positive attempt to achieve the goals of the Swachh Bharat mission.
FAQs on Pusa Decomposer
Q.1. What does the Pusa Decomposer look like?
The Pusa Decomposer is in the form of a capsule made by extracting mushroom stalks, helping rice straw to decompose much faster. Fungi help produce the enzymes needed for the decomposition process.
Q.2. What is the process of Pusa Decomposer?
Step 1 - Prepare liquid formulations using decomposition capsules, ferment them for 8-10 days, then spray the mixture onto the field of grain stubble to ensure rapid biodegradation of stubble.
Step 2 - Farmers can prepare a 25-litre liquid mixture containing 4 capsules, jaggery, and chickpea flour.
Step 3 - The mixture can cover 1 hectare of land.
Q.3. what is the disassembly time taken by the Pusa Decomposer?
It takes about 20 days to complete the degradation process. Farmers do not have enough time to prepare the fields in time for the wheat harvest.
Q.4. What is the meaning of Pusa Decomposer?
Pusa Decomposers improve soil fertility and productivity as stubble acts as fertiliser and compost for crops, reducing future fertiliser consumption.
Q.5. In the context of Pusa Decomposers, what is the meaning of stubble burning?
In the context of Pusa Decomposers, the meaning of Stubble burning intentionally lighting a fire to the straw stubble left over after harvesting crops such as rice and wheat. This technique was widely used until the 1990s, after which the government increasingly restricted its use. Burning stubble in northern India has long been a major cause of air pollution, but efforts to prevent it have failed each year.
Q.6. What are the effects of stubble burning, with regards to Pusa Decomposers?
With regards to Pusa Decomposers, At the beginning of each winter, air pollution in Delhi peaks, and the Air Quality Index (AQI) is often categorised as "severe" and "dangerous". Recent studies have cited a direct link between 30% of all Covid deaths worldwide and air pollution. Stubble burning leads to severe air pollution, contamination that makes people more susceptible to infection, and slower recovery, making it even more dangerous if Covid 19 devastates the country. Burning stubble also destroys soil nutrients and reduces soil fertility. The heat from the burning of the designer stubble penetrates the soil, causing the loss of water and beneficial microorganisms.