National Technical Day - History, Significance, Theme

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Mar 21, 2022, 8:17

National Technology Day is a day that reminds you about the technological advancements made by many tech giants or personalities within the country, India. This day is also called National Technical day, commenced by the president Dr APJ Abdul Kalam of our country. All the tests related to technology day were led by this iconic personality, who made the entire nation celebrate this day for the first time on May 11, 1999.

Atal Bihari Vajpayee declared in 1999 that May 11 would be the day to commemorate dynamic achievement for the country.

National Technology Day Significance

Before knowing all the reasons, let us first understand the Pokhran nuclear tests of 1998. After conducting the first nuclear testing, code-named 'Smiling Budha' in 1974, India's second nuclear testing Pokhran was governed. Pokhran tests were a series of 5 explosions conducted by the Indian Army Pokhran Test Range in 1998.

  • It is celebrated every year on May 11 to memorialize the achievements of scientists, engineers, researchers, and other personalities who played a crucial role in the science and technology stream.
  • The anniversary of the Pokhran nuclear tests (1998) was marked as National Technology Day, celebrated on May 11.
  • One of India's most Honorable presidents 'Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam' (Indian aerospace scientist turned educationalist), also known as 'Missile Man of India', spearheaded the Pokhran Tests.
  • Subsequently, Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee declared that Indians joined the elite Nuclear Club.
  • Operation Shakti was the Code Name for all the 5 nuclear tests conducted by India.

Significance of Pokhran

In 1974, the first nuclear test was conducted. The Indian army detonated the bomb in Rajasthan on the army base Pokhran Test Range, under the supervision of various key Indian generals.

Difference Between Pokhran 1 and Pokhran II

All the tests were collectively named 'Operation Shakti-98. The 5 nuclear bombs were tested and named Shakti-I, Shakti II, and so on, to Shakti-V. This entire operation is known as Pokhran II.

However, Pokhran I was named after the 1974 explosion, which can also be described as the Peaceful Nuclear explosion. This test was partially successful, less than the Pokhran II, and demonstrated the claimed yield of 12 kt.

National Technical Day Theme

The schools encourage students to read science magazines and get in-depth knowledge in other streams like health, infrastructure, pharmacy, and agriculture. Moreover, some schools conduct jigsaw puzzles and word games to sharpen students' memory by arousing their curiosity in a fun way.

The board organizes the event of National Technology Day to award the scientists for hailing their contributions in the past. However, for the past 2 years, the event has been called off due to the covid-19 pandemic times witnessed by the entire world.

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FAQs on National Technical Day

Q.1) Who is Considered the Father of National Technology?

Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar is the father of Science and National Technology. The great personality was an internationally acclaimed scientist and chemist. He is remembered to establish 12 national research laboratories in India.

Q.2) Where is National technology Day Celebrated?

An event is usually organized in India's capital, Delhi, to celebrate National Technology Day. This event is held near the India Gate, where the president and other political leaders are invited as the chief guest. The president confers the awards to researchers, analysts, physicists, scientists and praises them for their successful inventions and achievements.

Q.3) Who was the Mastermind Behind the Pokhran?

India conducted multiple nuclear tests carried out at the Pokhran Test Range. The mastermind who gave a green signal to perform all these tests without any interruption was given by India's former president Dr APJ Abdul Kalam.

Q.4) What Was the Last Year's Themes For National Technology Day?

The last years' theme was 'Science and Technology for Sustainable Future,' which was decided by the board, just like every year and the event was organized in New Delhi.