Indian Navy Day 2023: Themes, History, Celebration

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Feb 28, 2023, 13:09

Indian Navy Day is marked every year on 4 December to mark the beginning of Operation Trident against Pakistan during the 71st India-Pakistan War. The Indian Navy is a stabilized, three-dimensional force that functions above, on, and below sea level, contributing to national interests. Its purpose is also to improve the situation in the Indian Ocean.

During the week of navy day in India, various events are organized, such as ships are open for visitors and school children, an open sea swimming competition, veteran mariners lunch, performances by the Naval Symphonic Orchestra, a Navy Half Marathon, and more. Read more to understand Indian Navy Day 2022 celebrations, history, theme, father of Indian navy day, etc.

Navy Day 2023

Every year, Navy Day in India is commemorated on 4 December to remember the accomplishments and function of the Indian Navy to the country. The day got selected in 1971; during Operation Trident, the Indian Navy dropped four Pakistani vessels, killing hundreds of Pakistani Navy troops.

Why do we Celebrate Navy Day in India?

The Indian navy day is the oldest of the three services in India, benefiting the nation for over 250 years. Navy forces have participated in many wars and have defended India’s interests on the seas.

  • The Indian Navy has been engaged in the international arena.
  • They have supported peacekeeping functions in Cyprus, Nepal, and Sri Lanka.
  • The country has been partaking in the global society.
  • India has built long-fixed goodwill with the Navy of the United States.

History of Indian Navy Day

On the night of 4 December 1971, Pakistan had no planes capable of night bombing, so the Indian Navy planned an attack on the Pakistani Navy headquarters in Karachi.

  • The attack was successful as the INS Nipat, INS Veer, and INS Nirghat destroyed the enemy.
  • Navy Day is therefore celebrated every year to celebrate the success and achievements of the Indian Navy.
  • The East India Company established the Indian Navy in the year 1612.
  • Commodore Kasargod Patnashetti Gopal Rao was the man who led the attack that sank the ship in Karachi.
  • Early operations of the Indian Navy included contributing to the annexation of Goa from Portugal in 1961.

Who is the Father of the Indian Navy?

Indian Navy Day raises public awareness about the Indian Navy. This day celebrates the glory and remarkable achievements of the Navy of the country.

  • Chhatrapati Shivaji Bhonsle, the emperor of the 17th century Maratha Empire, is considered the "father of the Indian Navy".
  • The Indian Navy's role is to secure the country's waters and renew India's global relations through port visits, philanthropic missions, joint exercises, rebellions, and more.

Details About Indian Navy Day

The operational and administrative controls of the Indian Navy get carried out by the Head of the Navy Staff (CNS) at the Integrated Headquarters of the Department of Defense (Navy).

  • The Navy has three commands, namely, the Western Naval Command (Headquarters in Mumbai), the Eastern Navy Command (Headquarters of Visakhapatnam), and the South Navy Command (Kochi Headquarters), each under the control of the Navy General Commanding-in-Chief.
  • The Indian Navy is significant in securing the country's maritime borders and accelerating India's international relations through various means such as seaport visits, joint ventures, patriotic missions, and disaster relief.

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Indian Navy Themes - From 2008 to 2021

In 2021, the theme was “Swarnim Vijay Varsh”. The theme significance was the victory of India in Indo- Pakistan which happened in 1971. Given below are the unique themes for every year from 2008 to 2021.


Indian Navy Themes


Reaching Out to Maritime Neighbours


Maritime Power for National Prosperity


Ensuring Secure Seas for a Resurgent Nation


Ensuring Secure Seas for a Resurgent Nation


Indian Navy, Mission-deployed and Combat-ready


Silent, Strong and Swift


Combat Ready, Credible & Cohesive

Navy Day India Information

Navy day is marked to recognize people for their sacrifice and attainments. Indian Navy left its coast for the first time in 1971 to attack Pakistan headquarters in Karachi.

  • Navy day is celebrated every year to honour the victory and achievement of Operation Trident.
  • Indian Navy has more than 67000 employees and 150 yachts and submarines in its caravan.
  • The contemporary navy ship utilizes speedy renovation techniques to enhance its position in Ocean.
  • The father of Indian navy day is Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.
  • During the rise of the Maratha empire in the late 1600s, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj's visionary for the Indian Navi became the root of what is the Indian Navy today.

FAQs on Indian Navy Day

What was the Indian Navy Day Date theme in 2020 and 2021?

Different themes are proposed each year to celebrate Navy Day. The 2021 Indian Navy Day theme was 'Swarnim Vijay Varsh.' It refers to India's 50-year victory in the 1971 India-Pakistan War. The 2020 theme was 'Indian Navy Ready for Combat, Reliability, and Cohesion.'

What is the Indian Navy's motto?

The India Navy's motto is 'Sam no Varunah' (शं नो वरूण‌:) This means that Varna, the God of water, brings us good luck.

Who plans all the activities for Indian Navy Day?

Visakhapatnam's Eastern Navy Command plans all the activities and events to celebrate Navy Day, beginning with a wreath ceremony at the War Memorial of Korea (RK Beach), followed by hands-on demonstrations of the energy and power of the Navy submarines, ships, aircraft, and other troops.

On this day, visitors have access to Indian Navy warships and aircraft. Journalists hold the Military Photo Exhibition in Ernakurum at the Navy Festival.

When Has the Indian Navy Day Observed?

Indian Navy Day is celebrated on 4th December. The day is honoured to admire the Indian Navy's counter-attack in Operation Trident during the Indo-Pakistan war in 1971.

What is National Navy Day in India?

Navy Day India is glorified on December 4. On this special occasion, the Indian Navy organizes a Beating Retreat and Tatoo Ceremony at the Gateway of India in Mumbai.

Why is Indian navy day celebrated?

The day is honored to respect the Indian Navy's counter-attack during the Indo-Pakistan war in Operation Trident. The day recognizes the struggles and accomplishments of the Indian Navy conducted during the war in 1971.