Components of Redressal Mechanism

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Jun 10, 2022, 8:19

The Components of Redressal Mechanism are the Indian Government's way of compensating the people of the country for any wrong done to them with regard to the rights provided to them by the government.

Some Components of Redressal Mechanism

  1. Public Interest Litigation (PIL)
  2. Lok Pal
  3. Jan Lokpal Bill
  4. Whistle-Blower Protection Bill
  5. Lokayukta

Significant Importance of Some Components of the Redressal Mechanism are:

Public Interest Litigation (PIL)

In the words of Supreme Court Justice P.N Bhagwati, Public Interest Litigation is the strategic arm of the legal aid movement.

It aims to bring justice within reach of the poor and defenceless people who are the helpless victims of injustice. PIL has altered the traditional functions of the Supreme Court.

Supreme court can now take important action to vindicate socio-economic rights that were initially considered unenforceable by the court, thereby expanding the horizon of Article 32 of the Constitution. Delivering justice to the country's weak, unorganised, and exploited people is the goal of Public Interest Litigation.

Making justice accessible and attainable to the underprivileged and victims of justice is ensured by PIL.

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Lok Pal

Lok Pal Bill was first proposed in 1968 by Shanti Bhusan. It was passed in 1969 by the 4th Lok Sabha but was not passed in Rajya Sabha.

After this, several attempts were made to introduce the bill, but it has not been passed even today.

The intention behind the introduction of the Lok Pal Bill is to allow the filing of accusations on the ground of corruption against the Prime Minister, Cabinet Ministers, and MPs with the ombudsman.

The Lok Pal Bill was finally passed in the parliament in 2013, leading the road to the establishment of Lok Pal to fight corruption in public offices and make public officials accountable, including the Prime Minister.

Jan Lokpal Bill

Also known as the Citizens Ombudsman Bill, this is an anti-corruption bill drawn by civil society activists for the appointment of a Jan Lokpal. It was proposed to be formed as an independent body to investigate corruption cases and complete the investigation within a year, with trials to be held the following year.

The Lokpal Bill was enacted on the 27th of December 2011 by Lok Sabha, keeping the defence forces and coast guard personnel out of its jurisdiction.

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Whistle-Blower Protection Bill

Another important component of the Redressal Mechanism, the bill addresses employee grievances in the public sector and protects the whistleblower from any discrimination or victimisation.

The Chief Vigilance Commission receives written complaints or disclosures regarding any misuse of office or indulgence in corruption by government officials.

The complaint's identity is necessary for making the complaint. Still, the same will not be disclosed unless the complainant has made the details public or has revealed their identity to any other office or identity. Every necessary measure is taken to keep the informant's identity undisclosed.

If it is revealed by anyone against the orders of the Commission, legal actions are taken against the person or agency responsible for the revelation.


Various states have appointed Lokayuktas to deal with public grievances as per the norms of the Administrative Reform Commission. Some of these states are Maharashtra, Himachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Bihar, Assam, etc.

It is the Indian Parliamentary Ombudsman that the state governments of India execute for the investigation of corruption complaints against government officials in public offices.

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FAQs on Components of Redressal Mechanism

Q.1 Who is a Whistleblower, as given in the Whistleblower Protection Act, one of the Components of the Redressal Mechanism?

A whistleblower is an employee or other stakeholder who discloses information about corrupt and unethical practices within an organisation, as given in the Whistleblower Protection Act, one of the Components of the Redressal Mechanism.

Q.2 In the context of Components of Redressal Mechanism, when was the first Lokpal Bill introduced?

In the context of Components of Redressal Mechanism, The first Lokpal Bill was introduced in the year 1968.

Q.3 In connection to PIL, one of the Components of Redressal Mechanism, who was the Chief Justice under who PIL was introduced?

In connection to PIL, one of the Components of the Redressal Mechanism, The PIL was introduced under Chief Justice P.N Bhagwati.

Q.4 Why are Components of Redressal Mechanism important?

Components of Redressal Mechanism are important because they help people get compensation for the wrong done to them with regard to the rights provided by the Government.