Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism [CCIT]

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Jun 2, 2022, 9:23

A Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism [CCIT] is a proposed treaty intending to forbid any form of global terrorism and repudiate terrorists, their financial supporters and sources that help them generate funds, and arms and thus ensure peace and security. Terrorism is an act that has perpetration of any criminal act such as killing someone, kidnapping or making someone hostage or threatening and intending to spread fear amongst the masses, especially where there is a public gathering.

This proposed Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism [CCIT] by India has been under discussion by the ad Hoc Committee of the UN General Assembly since it was established by Resolution 51/210 of 17 December 1996 on terrorism. Still, as of 2021, the agreement has not yet been finalized for the lawful implementation of the convention. India was the first one to propose this treaty.

Reasons for unacceptance of Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism [CCIT]

One of the main reasons this Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism [CCIT] has not yet been in the conflict over the definition of terrorism. Being a criminal law instrument, the definition that should be included in the proposed CCIT must have words like legal precision, certainty and fair labelling of the criminal conduct that violates human rights.

Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism [CCIT] Main Clauses

Some main clauses that are mentioned in the Comprehensive convention on international terrorism are:

  • Any act that causes death or serious physical injury to any person
  • An act that results in damage to public property or the environmental infrastructure
  • Any action that can bring tremendous fiscal or economic loss to the country

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Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism [CCIT] - Proposed Amendments

The definition is controversial, so amendments are expected to rule out certain exceptions. No reason should be enough to prevent recognition and acceptance of this coherent and well-coordinated Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism [CCIT].

  • This convention should affect the rights and responsibilities of the state and its citizens under the universal humanitarian law.
  • The convention shall not be deemed responsible for armed forces activities during any military conflicts that are governed by the law.
  • The convention mentions that no unlawful act should be justified.
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Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism [CCIT] Objective

  1. Accept a universal definition of terrorism that all 193 UNGA members should agree upon.
  2. To impose a ban on all terror groups and end any terror camps as well.
  3. Special laws should be designated and designed to punish terrorists.
  4. To make international terrorism an offence universally.

These would certainly keep cross-border terrorism at bay and ensure peace and security.

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FAQs on Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism [CCIT]

Q1. What is the full form of CCIT?

Ans: The full form of CCIT is a Comprehensive convention on international terrorism.

Q2. When was the Comprehensive convention on international terrorism proposed, and by whom?

Ans: India was the first to propose a Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism [CCIT] in UNGA 6th meeting through Ad Hoc Meeting resolution 51/210 on 17 December 1996.

Q3. What is terrorism under international law, under the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism [CCIT]?

Ans: An act that brings loss of lives or serious physical injuries to civilians or non-combatants is considered terrorism under international law, under the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism [CCIT].

Q4. What is the role of the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism [CCIT] in controlling terrorism?

Ans: Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism [CCIT] provides a framework within which national counter-terrorism activities encourage states to cooperate and prevent terrorism and thus maintain peace and harmony.