Which is the Largest Port in India?

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Mar 16, 2022, 7:19

India is a country with many ports. All of these ports make the country much more accessible to the world. There are several ports, and the largest port in India is the Mumbai port.

Ports on the Western Coast

Some of the most important ports of India are located on the Western Coast. These ports are:

Name of the Port


Cochin Port

Kochi, Kerala

Kandla Port

Gulf of Kutch, Gujarat

Jawaharlal Nehru Port

Mumbai, Maharashtra

New Mangalore Port

Mangalore, Karnataka

Mormugoa Port

Panaji, Goa

Mumbai Port

Mumbai, Maharashtra

Ports on the Eastern Coast

Like the Western Coast, even the Eastern Coast has several ports. Some of the popular east coast ports are as follows:

Name of the Port


Chennai Port

Chennai, Tamil Nadu

Ennore Port

Coromandel Coast, Tamil Nadu

Haldia Port

Kolkata, West Bengal

Kolkata Port

Kolkata, West Bengal

Paradip Port

Jagatsinghpur, Odisha

Tuticorin Port

Tuticorin, Tamil Nadu

Vishakhapatnam Port

Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh

Largest Port in India - Mumbai Port

On the west coast of India, on the lee side of Salsette/Mumbai Island, Mumbai Port, one of India's oldest British-era ports, is located in Thane Creek. This is a natural harbour that is accessible in all weather conditions and is well sheltered from the sea's wrath. The port has access to the Arabian Sea via a navigational channel where tidal phenomena are prevalent, with macro type semi-diurnal tides with a range of 5 metres.

The Mumbai Port has played a significant part in the country's development of trade and commerce. The port, which was built to handle general freight, has evolved to meet the demands of the times. It can now transport containerised cargo as well.

The port handles around 10% of the total volume of sea-borne trade handled by the country's major ports. In 2011-12, MbPT saw a 3% increase in traffic, while other significant ports experienced a 1.73 per cent decline. The best thing about the Mumbai Port is that it can handle different types of cargo categories.

Several marine facilities, including docks, jetties, and oil terminals, were created during the pre-independence period. Since the Suez Canal opened in 1869, Mumbai Port has served as India's primary gateway and has played an essential part in the country's a trade and commerce development. The Mumbai Port is the largest in India. It is also the largest container port in India as it has now overtaken Jawaharlal Nehru port in terms of volume.

There are several things about the Mumbai Port that makes it special. It is the largest port in India and serves different categories of exports and imports. Several other ports contribute significantly to the growth of the economy.

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FAQs on Largest Port in India

Q.1) Which is the largest port in India?

The Mumbai Port is the largest in India. It is also the busiest port in India.

Q.2) Which port is the oldest operating port of India?

The Kolkata Port is the one that is the oldest operating port of India.

Q.3) Which port is the largest artificial port of India?

The Jawahar Lal Nehru Port is the largest artificial port in India.

Q.4) Which state in India has the most significant number of ports?

Tamil Nadu is the state with the maximum number of ports in India.