Largest Producer of Sugarcane in India

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Sep 29, 2022, 7:13

India is the second-highest producer of sugarcane in the world after Brazil. The largest producer of sugarcane in India is Uttar Pradesh, which produced over 177 million tonnes of sugarcane in 2021. Sugarcane is a multipurpose crop, used in making sugar, jaggery, khansari, molasses, and even paper.

In India, approximately 60% of the population is involved in agriculture and among the many crops cultivated in the nation, sugarcane is one of the most important Kharif crops. The climate of the country supports the plantation of sugarcane throughout the year. Find the top 10 sugarcane producing states in India below.

Largest Producer of Sugarcane in India

The largest sugarcane producing state in India is Uttar Pradesh. The state has an area of 2.27 million hectares that produces sugarcane. The average annual production of sugarcane in Uttar Pradesh is 135.64 million tonnes. Here are some more facts about the sugarcane producing states in India:

  • Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, and Maharashtra together contribute to 80% of the total sugarcane production in India.
  • Maharashtra produces 61.32 million tonnes of sugarcane on average per year.

Top Sugarcane Producing States in India

Below is a list of the largest sugarcane-producing states in India in 2021:

S.No

States / UT

2018-19

2019-20

2020-21*

Average

(2015-16 to 2019-20)

% to total

Rank

1

Uttar Pradesh

179.71

179.54

177.67

164.37

45.40

1st

2

Maharashtra

89.77

69.31

101.59

73.60

20.33

2nd

3

Karnataka

42.41

38.18

42.09

35.39

9.77

3rd

4

Tamil Nadu

17.14

14.12

12.80

18.58

5.13

4th

5

Bihar

20.12

13.58

10.71

14.64

4.04

5th

6

Gujarat

11.33

11.57

15.85

11.61

3.21

6th

7

Haryana

8.51

7.73

8.53

8.16

2.25

7th

8

Andhra Pradesh

8.09

6.72

4.12

7.96

2.20

8th

9

Punjab

7.77

7.30

7.49

7.37

2.04

9th

10

Uttarakhand

6.33

6.94

6.96

6.38

1.76

10th

11

Madhya Pradesh

5.28

7.43

5.88

5.63

1.56

11th

12

Telangana

3.18

2.01

1.36

2.45

0.68

12th

13

West Bengal

1.34

1.53

1.56

1.52

0.42

13th

14

Others

4.45

4.53

2.64

4.41

1.22

 
 

All India

405.42

370.50

399.25

362.07

100.00

 

*4th Adv. Est -2020-21

Largest Producer of Sugarcane in India 2022

Here are the top sugarcane-producing states in India:

Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh is the largest cultivator of sugarcane in India. With more than 177 million tonnes produced in 2021, UP tops the list of sugarcane producers. The main reason behind this is the perennial water supply provided by the river Ganga. Meerut, Bareilly, Saharanpur, and Bulandshahr are the major districts producing sugarcane in UP.

Maharashtra

Maharashtra ranks second in the list of largest sugarcane producing state in India. For 2021-22, the area reserved for sugarcane plantation was increased to 12.32 lakh hectares. Consequentially, the per hectare production of sugarcane is expected to be 97 tonnes. Pune, Satara, Solapur, Ahmednagar, and Aurangabad are the major producers.

Karnataka

Karnataka is the third-largest producer of sugarcane in India. The climatic condition here favors the production of top-quality sugarcane. It recorded production of over 38 MT in 2019-20. Districts such as Shimoga, Mysore, Belgaum, and Chitradurga are the largest producers, thanks to the irrigation projects in the Cauvery River.

Tamil Nadu

Tamil Nadu occupies the fourth position in list of major producer of sugarcane in India. The state produces an average of 18.5 MT of sugarcane annually. However, it tops the list in terms of productivity per hectare. It produces an average of 99 tonnes/ha.

Bihar

Bihar is one of the top producers of sugarcane and jaggery, thanks to its fertile plains. The major contributors are Patna, Darbhanga, Gaya, and Champaran districts.

Gujarat

Despite being an industrial area, Gujarat contributes more than 3% of the total sugarcane produced in the country. The bulk contribution comes from its southern districts like Valsad, Navsari, Surat, and Bharuch.

Haryana

Haryana is one of the largest contributors to India's central pool of food grains. Apart from sugarcane, Haryana also produces large quantities of rice, jawar, bajra, and maize. It produces more than 8MT of sugarcane in 1.3 lac hectares of land.

Andhra Pradesh

The black alluvial soil of Andhra Pradesh is perfect for sugarcane cultivation. The districts around Krishna and Godavari benefit from these rivers and can produce sugarcane in bulk quantities.

Punjab

Punjab occupies the ninth position on this list. On average, it produces 7 MT of sugarcane in 0.92 lac hectares of land. The high productivity is due to the inbuilt agricultural culture in the state.

Uttarakhand

The hilly state of Uttarakhand ranks 10th on the list, with an average annual production of 6.38 MT. Dehradun, Haridwar, and Udham Singh Nagar are major contributors to this high number.

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FAQs on Largest Sugarcane Producing State in India

Q1. Which state is the largest producer of sugarcane in India?

Uttar Pradesh is the largest producer of sugarcane in India. It produces 135.64 million tonnes of sugarcane on average. In 2021, the total production of sugarcane in Uttar Pradesh was over 177 million tonnes.

Q2. Which is the second largest producer of sugarcane in India?

The second largest producer of sugarcane in India is Maharashtra. This state covers around 940,000 hectares of area with sugarcane production. This state produces around 61.32 million tonnes of sugarcane per year on average.

Q3. What is India's rank in sugarcane production in the world?

India is the second-largest sugarcane producer globally after Brazil. In India, 21% of agricultural area is used for sugarcane production. The country produces about 22% of the total sugarcane in the world. The largest producer of sugarcane in India is the state of Uttar Pradesh.

Q4. Which is the largest producer of sugarcane in the world?

The largest producer of sugarcane in the world is Brazil. The country exports high-quality raw sugar from sugarcane. Besides sugarcane, Brazil also produces ethanol. After Brazil, the largest sugarcane producer in the world is India.