India is the second-highest producer of sugarcane in the world after Brazil. The largest producer of sugarcane in India is Maharashtra, which produced over 138 lakh tonnes of sugarcane in 2022-23. Sugarcane is a multipurpose crop, used in making sugar, jaggery, khansari, molasses, and even paper.
In India, approximately 60% of the population is involved in agriculture and among the many crops cultivated in the nation, sugarcane is one of the most important Kharif crops. The climate of the country supports the plantation of sugarcane throughout the year. Find the top 10 sugarcane producing states in India below.
Largest Producer of Sugarcane in India
The largest sugarcane producing state in India is Maharashtra. The annual production of sugarcane in 2022-23 in Maharashtra was 138 lakh tonnes. Here are some more facts about the sugarcane producing states in India:
- Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, and Maharashtra together contribute to 80% of the total sugarcane production in India.
- Maharashtra produces 61.32 million tonnes of sugarcane on average per year.
- Sugarcane is a tropical and subtropical crop that requires a hot and humid climate to grow.
- A tall, perennial grass species known as sugarcane or sugar cane is utilised in the production of sugar.
- The 2–6 m tall plants have thick, jointed, fibrous stalks that are rich in sucrose and accumulate in the internodes of the stalks.
- Several other states grow sugarcane in addition to Uttar Pradesh, which is the largest producer of sugarcane in India.
Top Sugarcane Producing States in India
Below is a list of the largest sugarcane-producing states in India in 2021:
States / UT
(2015-16 to 2019-20)
% to total
*4th Adv. Est -2020-21
Largest Producer of Sugarcane in India 2022-23
Here are the top sugarcane-producing states in India:
Maharashtra is the largest cultivator of sugarcane in India. With more than 138 lakh tonnes produced in 2022-23, Maharashtra tops the list of sugarcane producers. The main reason behind this is the perennial water supply in the state. Pune, Satara, Solapur, Ahmednagar, and Aurangabad are the major producers.
Uttar Pradesh ranks second in the list of largest sugarcane producing state in India. For 2022-23, the area reserved for sugarcane plantation was increased to a few hectares. Consequentially, the production of sugarcane was 105 lakh tonnes in 2022-23. Meerut, Bareilly, Saharanpur, and Bulandshahr are the major districts producing sugarcane in UP.
Karnataka is the third-largest producer of sugarcane in India. The climatic condition here favors the production of top-quality sugarcane. It recorded production of over 38 MT in 2019-20. Districts such as Shimoga, Mysore, Belgaum, and Chitradurga are the largest producers, thanks to the irrigation projects in the Cauvery River.
Tamil Nadu occupies the fourth position in list of major producer of sugarcane in India. The state produces an average of 18.5 MT of sugarcane annually. However, it tops the list in terms of productivity per hectare. It produces an average of 99 tonnes/ha.
Bihar is one of the top producers of sugarcane and jaggery, thanks to its fertile plains. The major contributors are Patna, Darbhanga, Gaya, and Champaran districts.
Despite being an industrial area, Gujarat contributes more than 3% of the total sugarcane produced in the country. The bulk contribution comes from its southern districts like Valsad, Navsari, Surat, and Bharuch.
Haryana is one of the largest contributors to India's central pool of food grains. Apart from sugarcane, Haryana also produces large quantities of rice, jawar, bajra, and maize. It produces more than 8MT of sugarcane in 1.3 lac hectares of land.
The black alluvial soil of Andhra Pradesh is perfect for sugarcane cultivation. The districts around Krishna and Godavari benefit from these rivers and can produce sugarcane in bulk quantities.
Punjab occupies the ninth position on this list. On average, it produces 7 MT of sugarcane in 0.92 lac hectares of land. The high productivity is due to the inbuilt agricultural culture in the state.
The hilly state of Uttarakhand ranks 10th on the list, with an average annual production of 6.38 MT. Dehradun, Haridwar, and Udham Singh Nagar are major contributors to this high number.
FAQs on Largest Sugarcane Producing State in India
Q1. Which state is the largest producer of sugarcane in India?
Maharashtra is the largest producer of sugarcane in India. It produced 138 lakh tonnes of sugarcane in 2022-23. Pune, Satara, Solapur, Ahmednagar, and Aurangabad are the major sugarcane-producing regions in the state.
Q2. Which is the second largest producer of sugarcane in India?
The second largest producer of sugarcane in India is Uttar Pradesh. This state covers thousands of hectares of area with sugarcane production. In 2022-23, this state produced around 105 lakh tonnes of sugarcane.
Q3. What is India's rank in sugarcane production in the world?
India is the second-largest sugarcane producer globally after Brazil. In India, 21% of the agricultural area is used for sugarcane production. The country produces about 22% of the total sugarcane in the world. The largest producer of sugarcane in India is the state of Uttar Pradesh.
Q4. Which is the largest producer of sugarcane in the world?
The largest producer of sugarcane in the world is Brazil. The country exports high-quality raw sugar from sugarcane. Besides sugarcane, Brazil also produces ethanol. After Brazil, the largest sugarcane producer in the world is India.