Coal Miner's Day: Check History and Significance

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Jan 20, 2022, 7:07

Coal is one of the most important primary fossil fuels, rich in carbon, that contributes towards generating power, making steel and cement. It is a natural resource that accelerates both economic and social developments. Coal mining is one of the most dangerous and toughest professions where miners spend their entire day tunnelling, digging, and extracting coal from the mines. Coal mining played a pivotal role in the Industrial Revolution between 1760 to 1840.

Significance of the Coal Miners Day in India

Coal miners' Day in India is celebrated every year on the 4th of May to mark the contribution and sacrifices of the workers who gave up their lives, honour the accomplishments and remember the hardships and tragedies that these individuals have to bear with all their lives. 

In India, coal mining began in 1774 in the Raniganj Coalfields along the western banks of the Damodar river. It was then that commercial exploration of coal started under John summer's supervision and Suetonius Grant Heaty of the East India Company. 

Hence, on the occasion of Coal Miners Day, many organizations and communities raise funds to create awareness amongst organizations and inform them in the coal mining areas about the struggles and contributions of miners towards the overall economic and industrial development of the nation. 

International Coal Miners Day

The Theme for International Coal Miners Day or International Mine Awareness Day 2021 was ‘Perseverance, Partnership, and Progress.’ This year, the United Nations has focused on advancing the work for new partnerships to be formed. 

National Coal Miners Day

However, National Coal Miners Day is recognized on the 6th of December every year to mark miners' efforts across the nation. Congress has chosen the day to acknowledge and celebrate the hard work of thousands of miners who take part in this dangerous profession so that we can lead a life full of comforts and conveniences. With the precedent efforts of the president of the Miners’ Day Memorial Association of West Virginia (MDMAWV), Roy Lee Cooke, National Miners’ Day was established in 2009 by passing a resolution by the United States Senate.

How to celebrate World Coal Miners Day?

World Coal Miners Day is just a chance for all of us to stop by and appreciate the comforts and luxuries that we enjoy in our everyday lives only because these miners toil day in day out to dig out this natural fossil fuel from the heart of the earth. The best way to celebrate this day is by visiting a local mine understanding the hardships these workers face and appreciating their efforts wholeheartedly.

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FAQs about Coal Miners Day

  • What was the theme of Coal Miners Day 2021?

Ans: The theme of Coal Miners Day 2021 was ‘Perseverance, Partnership, and Progress.’

  • How many coal workers are there in India?

Ans: As per reports, there are nearly 4 million people in India whose lives directly or indirectly depend on coal mining. 

  • When is coal miners' day celebrated in India?

Ans: In India, Coal Miners Day is celebrated every year on the 4th of May.