Antyodaya Anna Yojana [AAY]

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Apr 19, 2022, 8:00

The government of India has launched a scheme for the welfare of the targeted public below poverty, which aims to eliminate their hunger by providing them with highly subsidised food. This beneficial scheme known as Antyodaya Anna Yojana was developed by the Union Food and Civil Supplies Minister.

Antyodaya Anna Yojana [AAY] - Overview

The Antyodaya Anna Yojana was first implemented in Rajasthan and launched on 25 December 2000 by the NDA government. This advantageous scheme covers the poorest of the low-income families within the States of India and offers them foodstuffs at highly subsidised rates.

To avail of the advantages of this scheme, one should have to fulfil the eligibility. Once the identification of the beneficiaries is accomplished and they become eligible, the authority provides them with a Ration Card so they can obtain food grain.

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Features of Antyodaya Anna Yojana

Antyodaya Anna Yojana aims to reduce the hunger of the poor people and make India hunger-free. Following are some of its salient features -

  • Reduce Hunger

As mentioned earlier, the primary motive of this scheme is to provide every targeted low-income family in India with food grain at highly subsidised prices to eliminate hunger.

  • Issuing of Foodstuffs

Every BPL family with a Ration card is eligible to obtain their food grains without any restriction with Antyodaya Anna Yojana. The monthly issue of food grains is approximately 8.51 lakhs tones.

  • Highly Subsidised Food Grains

The cost of the food grains is at highly subsidised prices of ₹2/- wheat per kilogram and ₹3/- rice per kilogram and other essential commodities. However, the amount of food grain issued is 35kg per family per month.

  • Issue of Ration Card

Every BPL family has their own Antyodaya Ration Card to get their food. This card is a means of identification that includes the details of the family members.

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Eligibility Criteria Regarding Antyodaya Anna Yojana

Every BPL family has to fulfil the eligibility of the Antyodaya Anna Yojana to obtain the benefits of this scheme. Therefore, the eligibility criteria for this scheme are as follows:

  • Every family member identified under BPL is eligible to avail of the benefits of Antyodaya Anna Yojana.
  • Families get an annual income of up to 15000.
  • All primitive tribal communities in mountain and rural areas can avail the help of this scheme.
  • An old-age pensioner of 60 years who looks after their family is eligible.
  • A destitute widow is suitable for this scheme.
  • A physically or mentally abnormal person can also apply for Antyodaya Anna Yojana.

Requirements to Apply for Antyodaya Anna Yojana

An eligible beneficiary in the urban region needs to approach the Urban Development Department for application. In the case of a rural region beneficiary, the applicant needs to visit Gram Sabha to apply. However, the following are the required document for the application -

  • Income Certificate of the head of the family
  • BPL Certificate
  • Affidavit to confirm that the beneficiary does not hold any previous Ration Card

The Antyodaya Anna Yojana has covered up to 2.5 crore households and aims to eliminate the hunger of the poorest of the poor Indian families. However, the UTs or States must bear the cost of food grain distribution to offer the beneficiaries the highly subsidised rate of foodgrains.

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FAQs on Antyodaya Anna Yojana [AAY]

Q.1) What is Antyodaya Anna Yojana?

The government of India has launched the Antyodaya Anna Yojana for the welfare of the targeted public below poverty, which aims to eliminate their hunger by providing them with highly subsidised food.

Q.2) Who developed the Antyodaya Anna Yojana?

Antyodaya Anna Yojana was developed by the Union Food and Civil Supplies Minister.

Q.3) Where was the Antyodaya Anna Yojana first implemented and launched?

Antyodaya Anna Yojana was first implemented in Rajasthan and launched on 25 December 2000 by the NDA government.

Q.4) What is the primary aim of the Antyodaya Anna Yojana?

Antyodaya Anna Yojana aims to reduce the hunger of the poor people and make India hunger-free.

Q.5) Who is eligible to avail of the benefits of Antyodaya Anna Yojana?

Every family member identified under BPL is eligible to avail of the benefits of Antyodaya Anna Yojana.