Children's Day: History, Significance, Importance

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Feb 18, 2022, 5:14

"Children should be nurtured carefully since they are the citizens of tomorrow. They are the strength of the country and the foundation of the society." - Jawaharlal Nehru

Children's Day in India is celebrated every year on November 14th to commemorate the birth date of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of independent India. Pandit Nehru, or as he is lovingly reminisced by children as Chacha Nehru, loved children and considered them the gems of a bright, successful India. He believed that their nurture and well-being today would produce the most outstanding leaders and flagbearers of future India.

The Children's Day date signifies an empowering day where we spread awareness about the nurturing and education of every child in India. We must celebrate it with utmost gratitude towards children who will set out to build India into the ideal nation that our forefathers wished to manifest.

Why is Children's Day Celebrated on November 14th?

"The children of today will make the India of tomorrow. The way we bring them up will determine the future of the country." - Pdt. Jawaharlal Nehru.

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was a strict advocate of children's education and professed that every child in India should be educated. There should not be any inequities present in education for children between the privileged and underprivileged. He proposed that underprivileged children should receive free and fair education and free meals and mild every day for holistic development of their minds and physic.

Nehru attempted to put these dreams on paper and, as a result, established the legendary Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), and Indian Institute of Management( IIM). Even today, these prominent educational institutions produce the most efficient and learned candidates in India.

Chacha Nehru's contributions to the field of child development encouraged us to celebrate every November 14th as Children's Day to pay tribute to the person who started it all on his birthday.

Importance of Primary Education

Primary education is considered the most important learning phase of a child. This phase contributes to their overall academic and personality development. Through primary education, children learn basic etiquette and academic learnings and are introduced to various cultural activities and sports. These are imperative years of introducing a child into the society in which they must grow up. However, underprivileged families find it almost impossible to make ends meet, let alone provide their children with education because of poverty.

Jawaharlal Nehru wanted to do away with these barriers and advocated free primary education for all children.

Change in the Children's Day Date

Officially November 20th is recognized as World Children's Day as established by the United Nations. Between 1947 and 1954, Children's Day in India was also observed on November 20th every year. However, on November 14th, 1957, India celebrated its first Children's Day on the birth anniversary of Nehru following a government edict on official notice. Since then, November 14th has been hailed as Children's Day in India every year.

Thus, we celebrate Children's Day every year on Pandit Nehru's birthday to appreciate the future gems of our county and ensure their complete nurturing and development through education and nutrition.

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FAQs about Children's Day

  • Who started Children's Day in India?

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru started Children's Day in India.

  • Why do we celebrate Children's Day?

November 14th is celebrated as Children's Day in India to commemorate the birth date of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.

  • Why was Jawaharlal Nehru's birth anniversary chosen as a date to celebrate Children's Day in India?

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was a strict advocate of children's education and professed that every child in India should be educated. His contributions to child development encouraged the celebration of November 14th as Children's Day.