African Swine Fever Virus [ASFV]

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Apr 19, 2022, 6:32

African Swine Fever Virus [ASFV] is a double-stranded DNA virus that belongs to the Asfarviridae family and is also the causative agent of African Swine Fever (ASF). This virus results in hemorrhagic fever with high mortality rates in various animals such as domesticated swine, wild boars, feral swine, warthogs, bush pigs, and giant forest hogs.

This deadly virus does not affect the human body. It was discovered for the first time when European settlers brought pigs with them into endemic areas with African Swine Fever Virus (ASFV). This, later on, became the prime reason behind the wild spread of this infectious disease.

African Swine Fever Virus [ASFV] History

The primary outbreak became retrospectively recognised as having happened in 1907 and was first defined in 1921 in Kenya. The disease remained constrained to Africa until 1957, whilst it was reported in Lisbon, Portugal.

A further outbreak of the African Swine Fever Virus (ASFV) took place in Portugal in 1960. Next to these preliminary introductions, the disease had become established within the Iberian peninsula, and sporadic outbreaks occurred in France, Belgium, and different European nations throughout the 1980s. Both Spain and Portugal had managed to get rid of the disease with the aid of the mid-1990s through a slaughter policy.

In 2018, the virus spread across Asia, affecting greater than 10 per cent of the entire pig population in numerous nations, which resulted in extreme economic losses in the pig sector.

Important Exams
UPSC ExamIBPS PO Exam
SSC ExamDefence Exam
SSC CHSL ExamSSC Steno Exam
RRB JE ExamSSC CGL Exam
RRB NTPC ExamIBPS Clerk Exam
IBPS SO ExamUPPSC Exam

Spread of the African Swine Fever Virus [ASFV]

The National Pig Association, a UK industry body, states that the virus is very likely to be transmitted through direct or indirect touch with infected pigs, faeces, or body fluids.

Since the virus might also live for 11 days in pig faeces and months or years in pork products, the National Pig Association advises strict biosecurity measures for pig farms along with a 3-day quarantine on getting into the United Kingdom and warding off each pig and regions wherein wild boar are discovered.

☛ Also Read: Current Affairs Today

African Swine Fever Virus [ASFV] Evolution

The African Swine Fever Virus (ASFV) is thought to be derived from a virus of tender tick (genus Ornithodoros) that infects wild swine, which includes massive woodland hogs (Hylochoerus meinertzhageni), warthogs (Phacochoerus africanus), and bushpigs (Potamochoerus porcus). In those wild hosts, infection is typically asymptomatic.

This virus seems to have developed around 1700 AD. However, the primary outbreak of ASF started in 1907.

There are no vaccines commercially available for this deadly virus yet, so it has been proven that animal slaughter is the most effective, powerful disease control alternative. Furthermore, the outbreak of the African Swine Fever Virus (ASFV) can be controlled and prevented only with proper disinfestation and sanitisation.

More Current Affairs Topics
Time Magazine Kid of the YearTirthan Wildlife Sanctuary
Thirty Meter Telescope [TMT]Tourism Statistics India
Traditional Knowledge Digital LibraryUrban Farming
Virtual Digital AssetsVISVAS Yojana
Vulnerable Witness Deposition SchemeWeb 3.0

FAQs on African Swine Fever Virus [ASFV]

Q.1) What is the African Swine Fever Virus (ASFV)?

African Swine Fever Virus (ASFV) is a double-stranded DNA virus that belongs to the Asfarviridae family and is also the causative agent of African Swine Fever (ASF).

Q.2) What is the effect of the African Swine Fever Virus (ASFV)?

African Swine Fever Virus (ASFV) results in hemorrhagic fever with high mortality rates in various animals such as domesticated swine, wild boars, feral swine, warthogs, bush pigs, and giant forest hogs.

Q.3) When was the African Swine Fever Virus (ASFV) discovered?

African Swine Fever Virus (ASFV) was discovered for the first time when European settlers brought pigs with them into endemic areas with ASFV.

Q.4) From where was the African Swine Fever Virus (ASFV) derived?

The African Swine Fever Virus (ASFV) is thought to be derived from a virus of tender tick (genus Ornithodoros) that infects wild swine, which includes massive woodland hogs (Hylochoerus meinertzhageni), warthogs (Phacochoerus africanus), and bushpigs (Potamochoerus porcus).

Q.5) Has a vaccine been invented for African Swine Fever Virus (ASFV)?

There are no vaccines commercially available for the deadly African Swine Fever Virus (ASFV) yet, so it has been proven that animal slaughter is the most effective, powerful disease control alternative.