World Geography: List of Mountain Ranges, Peaks, Rivers & Lakes
1. Important Mountain Ranges And Peaks of the Worlds
Mt. Elbert (highest peak in the Rockies)
It is one of the longest fold mountains in the world and extends from Canada to Western US (New Mexico State)
Mt. Mitchell, North Carolina, US (highest peak of Appalachian Mountains)
It is a fold mountain with rich in mineral resources
Mont Blanc (French –Italian border)
It is a folded mountain and source for rivers like Danube, Rhine, etc.
Habitat for many Red Indian tribes
Mt. McKinley highest peak in North America
Young folded mountain which extends from Kazakhstan to northern China.
Longest mountain chain in the world
Young fold mountain spreading over Morocco and Tunisia.
Young folded mountain
Located between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea
This mountain range act as a boundary between Europe and Asia.
Mt. Trich Mir
Pakistan and Afghanistan
Folded mountain with rugged topography which makes it difficult for transportation.
Young fold mountains in Asia which separate Indian sub-continent from Asian plains
Mt. Kennedy peak
It extends from north to south direction. Shifting cultivation is practised.
North of Tibetan plateau and western China
It is one of the young folded mountains.
Mt. Grand Ballon
Eastern France, Europe
Famous for the cultivation of grapes and manufacture of wines.
Great Dividing Range
This range is the source for the rivers Darling and Murray.
2. List of Important Rivers of the World
It is the second-longest river which flows through Peru, Columbia, Brazil and drains into the Atlantic Ocean.
It forms a bird-foot like a delta at the Gulf of Mexico, River Missouri is an important tributary of it.
River St. Lawrence
It drains into the Gulf of St. Lawrence which is an important transport corridor of North America.
The longest river of South Africa and contains diamond beds along with its mouth.
This river crosses the equator twice and drains into the South Atlantic Ocean.
It is the longest river in the world, originates near Lake Victoria and drains in the Mediterranean Sea.
It flows through Germany and the Netherlands. It is one of the busiest waterways of Europe.
It passes through Germany, Hungary, Austria, Slovakia, Serbia, Romania and drains into the Black Sea.
It is the longest river in Europe, it drains into the Caspian Sea.
Cities like Mosul, Baghdad, Basra were located along its banks and it drains into the Gulf of Persia.
Turkey, Syria, Iraq
Main source of water for Syria. It drains into the Persian Gulf.
Drains into Gulf of Martaban
China, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam
It is also called ‘Danube of the east’, and it merges with south china sea.
It originates from the Tibetan plateau and ends in east china sea. It is the longest river in China.
3. Important Lakes of The World
It is the highest navigable lake in the world located in the Andes mountains.
Great bear lake
Canada, North America
It is a big glaciated lake of Canada. The Eskimos of Canada camp here during the summer season.
This comprises of five large lakes of North America such as Lake Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, Ontario. Lake Superior is the second largest lake in the world.
It is the third-largest lake of Africa and borders Tanzania, Mozambique.
It is the deepest and second largest lake of Africa.
The largest river of Africa and passes through the equator.
Largest manmade lake of Africa, used for irrigation purposes.
It is bordered by Jordan in the east and Palestine, Israel in the west. It is known for high salinity.
Located between Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. It is shrinking rapidly in recent years.
It is the largest freshwater lake in Asia and deepest in the world.
It is the largest lake in the world and is surrounded by Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran and Azerbaijan.