WBCS History Optional Syllabus
In WBCS main exam, there are 2 papers on the optional subject - Paper I and Paper-II. Each paper in the optional subject is 200 marks, making it a total of 400 marks. As per the WBCS official notification, the syllabus of both the papers of optional History is as follows.
Read More : WBCS Mathematics Optional Syllabus
Download WBCS History Optional Syllabus PDF
After finishing the application process, all applicants for the WBCS History optional should begin their preparation immediately. In order to prepare for the exam, candidates must have a thorough understanding of the WBCS History Optional Syllabus 2022. After studying the WBCS History Optional Syllabus, candidates can look into the WBCS Exam Pattern. The WBCS History Optional Syllabus PDF is available for download at the link below.
WBCS History Optional Syllabus
ANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL INDIA
1. Sources :
Archaeological Sources: Exploration, Excavation, Epigraphy, Numismatics, Monuments.
Literary Sources: Indigenous, Biography, Religious Literature, Creative Literature, Scientific Literature, Literature in Regional Languages.
Foreign Accounts: Greek, Roman, Chinese and Arab Writers.
2. The Harappan Civilization : Third to Second Millenium B.C.E
Origin, Date, Extent, Characteristics, Decline, Survival and Significance, Art and Architecture.
3. The Iron Age in India, Vedic Society and the Megalithic Culture: 1500 B.C.E to 6th Century B.C.E.
Distribution of pastoral and farming cultures outside the Harappan orbit. Early Vedic Society, Polity and Economy. Changes in the later Vedic period.
4. Period of Mahajanapadas :
Formation of territorial States (Mahajanapada): Republics and Monarchies; Spread of Jainism and Buddhism; Rise of Magadha and the Nandas. Iranian and Macedonian invasions and their impact.
5. The Mauryan Empire:
Foundation of the Mauryan Empire, Chandragupta, Kautilya and Arthasastra; Asoka; Concept of Dharma; Edicts; Polity, Administraton; Economy; Art, Architecture and Sculpture; External contacts; Religion; Spread of religion; Literature. Disintegration of the Empire.
6. Post-Mauryan Period
Northern India: The Sungas and the Kanvas, The Indo-Greeks, Sakas, Kushanas, Western Kshatrapas, Contact with the outside world; The Deccan and Southern India: The Satavahanas, Tamil States of the Sangam Age: Administration, Economy: land grants, trade guilds and urban centres; Social conditions. Culture and Religion: Rise of Mahayana Buddhism and Buddhist Centres; Literature and culture; Art and architecture and science.
MODERN INDIA AND THE WORLD
1. European Penetration and Rise of British power in India:
• The early European Settlements in India in the 17th and 18th centuries - The Anglo - French rivalry.
• The British East India Company and the Bengal Nawabs - the EIC as sovereign ruler of Bengal (From Plassey to Buxar), Grant of Dewani.
• British relations with and subjugation of the other principal Indian powers - Oudh, Hyderabad, Marathas, the Sikhs, and Mysore.
2. Indian economy under the British Colonial Rule:-
(A) Impact of Colonial rule on Indian agrarian economy:-
• Land revenue settlements‒ Permanent, Ryotwari and Mahalwari Settlements.
• Economic Impact of revenue settlements – Commercialization and its consequences.
• Rural Indebtedness and growth of landless labour.
• Famine and poverty.
(B) Changing nature of India’s trade and industry under the colonial rule:-
• Dislocation of traditional trade and commerce
• De-industrialization - decline of village industries and town handicrafts
• Growth of Foreign capital and rise of modern industries.
3. Indian Society in transition: Cultural Encounter and Socio-cultural changes:
• Introduction of western education and modern ideas
• Reform movements - Ram Mohan Roy, Brahmo Samaj, Young Bengal, Vidyasagar, Arya
Samaj, Vivekananda and Ramkrishna Mission.
• Women’s Question and Indian Reformers
• The Growth of modern vernacular literature, press and public opinion, growth and
spread of scientific ideas.
• The Faraizi and Wahabi movements; The Aligarh movement, Deoband School.
• Social Reform movements in the late 19th and early 20th centuries (including
depressed caste movements) - a broad overview.
4. Resistance to the British rule:
• Early uprisings against the British rule in 18th and 19th centuries (1757 - 1856) with
special reference to Bengal and eastern India.
• The Revolt of 1857 - genesis, course, character, causes of its failure and its impact.
• The Act of 1858 and the establishment of the British Raj.
5. Growth of Nationalism (1858 - 1918):
Factors leading to birth of Indian Nationalism - Early Political Associations - The foundation of the Indian National Congress (1885) - The Safety-valve thesis - Programme and objectives of the early Congress - Economic Nationalism and Drain Theory - The moderates and the extremists - the Partition of Bengal (1905) - The Swadeshi Movement in Bengal and other provinces - the economic, cultural and political aspects of Swadeshi movement.
6. Gandhian Era (1919 - 1947):
Rise of Gandhi - Character of Gandhian nationalism - the Rowlatt Satyagraha - The Khilafat - the Non Co-operation movement - Simon Commission, Nehru Report and Round Table Conferences - Civil Disobedience Movement - Quit India Movement.
The Left: The Left within the Congress and Jawaharlal Nehru - Subhas Chandra Bose and the INA - the Congress Socialist Party - the Communist Party of India - other left parties.
The Peasant Movement.
The Working Class and Trade Union Movements.
Women’s organisations, development of women issues and the role of women in nationalist movement.
The Peoples’ Movement in Princely States.
The Post - War upsurge
Growth of Muslim Separatism - Rise of Muslim League - Demand for Pakistan
Depressed Classes and caste politics with special reference to the role of B. R. Ambedkar.
Communalism, British Policy, Partition and Independence
7. The Constitutional Developments (1773 - 1947):
The Regulating Act, Pitt’s India Act and the Charter Acts.
The Acts of 1861 and 1892 - the Morley Minto Reforms (1909) - the Montague-Chelmsford Reforms (1919) - Government of India Act (1935) - Working of Provincial Ministries - Cripps Mission, Wavell Plan and Cabinet Mission - Act of Indian Independence (1947).
8. Consolidation as a Nation after 1947:
Framing of the Indian Constitution - Integration of Princely States - the question of National Language - the linguistic reorganisation of States, making of India’s foreign policy - Non-alignment and the Third World - India and her neighbours.
01. Enlightenment and Modern Ideas:
(i) Major ideas of enlightenment ; and its impact
(ii) French Revolution and its aftermath: 1789 - 1815
(iii) The American War of Independence (1776). The American civil War
(i) Industrial Revolution in England: causes, nature, impact.
(ii) Industrialization in other countries: USA, Germany, Russia, Japan.
(i) Rise of nation states in Europe: Italy & Germany.
04. Imperialism, Colonialism and War:
(i) Capitalism, imperialism, scramble for colonies.
(ii) Origins and impact of the First World War
(iii) Making of the Russian Revolution & establishment of a Socialist State.
05. World history from 1919 to 1945:
(i) League of Nations, collective security.
(ii) Rise of Nazism and Fascism : Germany, Italy & Japan.
(iii) Second World War: Causes and consequences.
06. Asia and Africa after World War II:
(i) Chinese Revolution of 1949
(ii) Nationalist movements and decolonization in South and South East Asia.
(iii) Changes in Africa: Egypt and South Africa, End of Apartheid.
07. Cold War & Global scenario:
(i) Origins and Growth of cold War
(ii) UNO and global disputes - Korea, Congo, Cuban crisis.
(iii) Emergence of Third World and NAM
08. Collapse of Soviet Union
(i) Disintegration of the Soviet Union: Causes & Consequences
(ii) End of the Cold War
(iii) Political Changes in Eastern Europe.
Best Books for WBCS History Optional Syllabus
To complete the WBCS History Optional Syllabus, candidates can refer to the books mentioned below.
How to Prepare WBCS History Optional Syllabus?
It is important to read WBCS History Optional Tips suggested by our expert History faculties. Many aspirants scored qualifying marks after following these tips to cover the entire History syllabus of WBCS History Optional.
- Check the full syllabus and examination pattern of WBCS History Optional thoroughly
- Start preparing for the exam with a time schedule
- Practice with the previous year’s question papers and their solutions
- Need Revision of all topics on a daily basis
- Attempt Mock tests to understand the preparation progress
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