Political Structure of Madhya Pradesh
- The Indian Constitution made provisions for State Legislature under Articles 168-177.
- The Legislative Assembly in Madhya Pradesh was constituted in 1957 after the state creation in 1956.
- At that time, 288 seats were there in which 43 seats were reserved for Scheduled Castes and 54 seats were reserved for Scheduled Tribes.
- After the creation of Chhattisgarh in 2000, the assembly seats got revised to 143 in which 35 seats and 47 seats got reserved for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes respectively.
- There are 230 seats in the MP legislative assembly at present.
- Tenure- 5 years
- The Madhya Pradesh State Legislature is divided into two parts
- State Legislative Assembly
Vidhan Sabha Hall
President Rule in Madhya Pradesh
- Under Article 153, there will be a Governor for a state.
- He/she is the constitutional head of the state.
- 7th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1956 also made provision that there will be one Governor for two or more states.
- Article 155- Appointment of Governor by the President
- Article 155 (a)- Term of 5 years for Governor.
- He/she is administered the oath of office by the Chief Justice of High Court.
- He/she draws their salary from Consolidated Fund of India.
- Powers of Governor-
- First Governor of Madhya Pradesh- B. Pattabhi Sitaramaiya
- Current Governor of Madhya Pradesh- Mangubhai C. Patel.
- First Lady governor of Madhya Pradesh- Sarla Grewal.
- The provision of Speaker is in article 178 of Indian constitution.
- He is elected amongst the members of the Legislative Assembly.
- First Speaker- Pandit Kunjilal Dubey (longest serving speaker)
- First Deputy Speaker-Vishnu Vinayak Sarvate (longest serving deputy speaker)
- First Protem Speaker- Kashi Prasad Pandey.
- Present Speaker- Girish Gautam
Chief Minister and Council of Ministers
- Article 163- There will be a Council of Ministers to help and aid the Governor.
- State Council of Ministers are divided into three categories
- Cabinet Minister (member of Cabinet),
- State Minister
- State Minister (Independent Charge)
- Tenure- 5 years
- If President rule was imposed in the state under Article 356, then the cabinet got suspended.
- First Chief Minister- Ravi Shankar Shukla
- First Lady Chief Minister- Uma Bharti
- CM of lowest tenure- Arjun Singh (1 day) and Raja Naresh Chandra Singh (13 days)
- Raja Naresh Chandra Singh is the first tribal chief minister of state.
- Present Chief Minister- Shivraj Singh Chauhan
Leader of Opposition
- First Leader of Opposition- Vishwanath Yadavrao Tamaskar
- First lady Leader of Opposition- Jamuna Devi
- Present Leader of Opposition- Kamal Nath
Judiciary in Madhya Pradesh
- Establishment date of MP High court- 1Nov 1956
- Principal Bench of Madhya Pradesh high court- Jabalpur
- Circuit benches of MP High court located at Indore and Gwalior
- Proposed bench of MP High Court- Bhopal
- The building of the Principal bench constructed by Raja Gokuldas and Henry Irwin is the architect.
- Total number of judges- 53
- First Chief Justice- M. Hidayatullah (11th Chief Justice)
- First Lady Chief Justice- Sarojini Saxena
- Present Chief Judge of MP High court- Ravi Malimath
Administrative Structure of Madhya Pradesh
- First Chief Secretary- H. S. Kamath
- Present Chief Secretary- Sh. Iqbal Singh Bais
- Madhya Pradesh is divided into 10 divisions, 52 districts, 313 development sections and 377 tehsils.
Madhya Pradesh Police Administration
- The Madhya Pradesh police is headed by the Director General of Police (DGP) who is an IPS officer.
- He administers the five police ranges- Gwalior, Indore, Rewa, Jabalpur and Raipur.
- Police Headquarters- Bhopal
- Railway Police Force headquarters is located in Bhopal, which is divided into three police sections- Bhopal, Indore and Jabalpur.
- First DGP- B.P. Dubey
- First Lady DGP- Asha Gopalan
- Present DGP- SHRI Vivek Johari
- The State Crime Bureau was established in 1983 and its headquarters are located in Bhopal.
- First Metro Station of Madhya Pradesh- Habibganj
- First ISO certified Police Station- Dewas
- Cyber Forensic Lab- Bhopal
- Cyber Police Headquarters- Bhopal
- Police Band School- Bhopal
Panchayati Raj in Madhya Pradesh
- 73rd Constitutional Amendment, 1992 provides constitutional status to Rural bodies. Madhya Pradesh is the first state that followed the 73rd amendment of Constitution.
- The three-tier system in Madhya Pradesh.
- Zila Panchayat- in more than 50000 population
- Janpad Panchayat- in more than 5000 population
- Gram Panchayat- in more than 1000 population
- First Gram Nyayalaya- Neemuch
- First Gram Panchayat- Jhatla
- After Bihar, Madhya Pradesh is the second state in India to provide 50 percent reservation to women.
Urban Local Self Government in Madhya Pradesh
- 74th Constitutional Amendment, 1992 provides constitutional status to Urban bodies.
- Madhya Pradesh is the first state in India who adopted this provision.
- Three-tier system
- Municipality- in more than 1 lakh population
- Nagar Palika- in more than 50 thousand population
- Nagar Parishad- in more than 20 thousand population
- The mayors are directly elected by the people, while deputy mayors are chosen by the mayors.
- First Nagar Palika of Madhya Pradesh- Jabalpur (1864)
- First Nagar Palika of Madhya Pradesh (in independent India)- Datiya (1983)
- First transgender Mayor- Kamla Jaan (Katni Municipality).
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