Medieval History of Uttar Pradesh for UP State Exam [Free PDF]

By Trupti Thool|Updated : February 14th, 2022

In this article, we will cover the Medieval History of Uttar Pradesh in detail. The topic is highly important for the upcoming UPPSC PCS Prelims examination and should not be missed by students at any cost. 

Medieval History of Uttar Pradesh

  • Agra was founded by Sultan Sikander Lodhi in 1504.
  • After Sikandar Lodi, Ibrahim Lodi ascended to the throne of Agra, who was defeated by Babur in the first battle of Panipat in 1526 and Babur established the Mughal Empire.
  • Agra was the main center of education during the Mughal period. Indigo was cultivated in the adjoining areas of Agra during the Mughal period.
  • Mughal historians called Uttar Pradesh Hindustan.
  • The Agra fort was built by Akbar.
  • Noorjahan got built the tomb of his father, I'timād-ud-Daulah in Agra.
  • 'Tajmahal', and 'Moti Masjid' of Agra were built during the reign of Shah Jahan.
  • Diwan-i-Aam, and Diwan- i- Khas of Agra were built by Akbar
  • By the end of the twelfth century, Qutbuddin Aibak captured Kalpi (Jalaun district) and made it part of Delhi Sultanate.
  • Among Akbar's Navratanas Birbal and Todramal belonged to Uttar Pradesh.
  • Birbal belonged to Kalpi, Where evidence of Birbal's Rang Mahal and the Mughal Mint has been found.
  • Jaunpur was established by Firoz Shah Tughlaq.
  • Jaunpur was known as Shiraz-e-Hind during the reign of the Sharqi dynasty.
  • Orchha ruler Beer Singh Bundela got Jhansi built-in 1613.
  • Rani Laxmibai, the wife of Gangadhar Rai, was the ruler of the independent state of Jhansi, who died while fighting against the British in the freedom struggle of 1857.
  • Laxmibhai's palace, Mahadev Temple, and Mehdi Bagh are in Jhansi.
  • Because of Sheikh Salim Chishti, Akbar considered Fatehpur Sikri a sacred land.
  • From 1573-1588, it was the capital of the Mughal Empire.
  • Shahjahan shifted the Mughal capital to Delhi from Agra.
  • The last Nawab of Lucknow was Wazid Ali Shah, who was removed from Lucknow by the British in 1856 by Lord Dalhousie.
  • Mughal Emperor Akbar got his own tomb built in Sikandara (a suburb of Agra) which was later completed by Emperor Jahangir in 1613.
  • Atala Mosque, Jama Masjid or Jama Mosque or Jami Masjid or Bari Masjid  and Lal Darwaja are famous monuments of Shrqi dynasty.
  • The Atala Mosque and Jhangari Mosque of Jaunpur were constructed by Ibrahim Shah Sharqi.
  • Badaun's Jama Masjid was constructed by Iltutmish.
  • From 1707 (From the death of Aurangzeb) to 1757  (Battle of Plassey) present Uttar Pradesh had five independent kingdoms.
  • 'Treaty of Allahabad' was signed between the British and Mughal ruler Shah Alam II In 1765.
  • After the death of Shuja-ud-Daulah, Asaf-ud-Daula was a Nawab of Awadh in 1775.
  • Asaf-ud-Daula had handed over the area of the Benaras to the British by the Treaty of Faizabad (1775 ).
  • Asaf-ud-Daula got constructed Imambara in 1784 in Lucknow to celebrate Muharram.
  • The Sultan of Delhi Bahlol Lodi conquered Jaunpur in 1484 AD and annexed the Sharqi empire into the Delhi Sultanate.
  • Panchmahal, Khas Mahal, Jodha Bai Mahal, Birbal Mahal, Jama Masjid, Buland Darwaza, Sheikh Salim Chishti's Tomb and Islam Khan's Tomb were built by Akbar in Fatehpur Sikri.
  • Jahangiri Mahal built by Akbar in Agra.
  • Jahangir built the mausoleum of Maryam Uj Zamani in Sikandra.
  • Sher Shah Suri constructed a total of 4 roads, two of which are located in Uttar Pradesh, from Agra to Burhanpur and from Agra to Chittor.
  • Babur defeated Rana Sanga in the Battle of Khanwa in 1527 AD and took control of Awadh and Kannauj.
  • In 1529 AD, Babur defeated Mahmud Lodi and Nusrat Shah on the banks of Ghagra.
  • Babur died in 1530 AD in Agra.
  • Firoz Shah Tughlaq established Firozabad, another city besides Jaunpur.
  • Awadh Suba became independent in 1722 AD under the leadership of Shahadat Khan Burhan-ul Mulk.
  • Asaf-ud-Daula was made the capital of Awadh from Faizabad to Lucknow.
  • Malik Sarwar (Sardar Khwajajahan) founded the independent Sharki state in Jaunpur.
  • Mughal historians knew Uttar Pradesh by the name of Hindustan.
  • Babar built Jama Masjid of Sambhal and Babri Masjid in Ayodhya.

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