Find the list of most prestigious awards and their related fields below helpful for upcoming exams:
1. Nobel Prize
- Most coveted international award in the world.
- Instituted by Alfred Bernard Nobel (inventor of dynamite).
- The award is given on December 10 (the death anniversary of Alfred Bernard Nobel).
Nobel Prize is given every year to those eminent persons who have made pioneering achievements in the following fields:
Apart from Economics, all other categories have been given since 1901. Economics Nobel Prize was instituted in 1967 and was first given in 1969.
|Nobel Laureates of India||Field||Year|
|Amartya Sen||Economic Studies||1998|
2. Magsaysay Awards
- Instituted in 1957 and named after Ramon Magsaysay, the former President of the Philippines.
- This award is given annually on August 31
- Award is given for outstanding contributions to public service, community leadership, journalism, literature and creative arts and international understanding.
- Regarded as the Nobel Prize of Asia.
3. Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding
- Instituted in 1965 by the Government of India.
- Given annually to persons for outstanding contributions to international understanding and goodwill among the people of the world.
4. Oscar Awards
- Instituted in 1929
- Conferred annually by the Academy of Motion Pictures in the USA.
- The first Indian to get an Oscar was Bhanu Athaiya for the movie 'Gandhi'.
- Satyajit Ray was the first Indian awarded Oscar for lifetime achievements in cinema in 1992.
5. UNESCO Peace Prize
- Presented by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
- For extraordinary contributions for international peace.
6. Pulitzer Prize
- Instituted in 1917 and named after the US Publisher Joseph Pulitzer.
- Conferred annually in the USA
- For accomplishments in journalism, literature and music.
7. Right Livelihood Award
- Instituted in 1980 by the Right Livelihood Society, London.
- Known as alternate Nobel Award
- To promote and contribute to the fields of environment and social justice.
8. Mahatma Gandhi Peace Prize
- Instituted in 1995 by Government of India.
- It is presented for international peace on the lines of Nobel Prize.
9. UNESCO Human Rights Award
- Presented by UNESCO
- For contributions in the field of Human Rights Awareness.
- Given every alternate year.
10. Man Booker Prize
- Highest literary award to authors of British, Irish and Commonwealth countries
- Established in 1969.
- Renamed as Man Booker Prize, as the sponsorship has been taken over by the Man Group, an international stockbroker.
11. UN Human Rights Award
- Presented by the UN for personal contribution to the cause of human rights.
- It is presented every sixth year.
12. World Food Prize
- Presented by Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
- For the cause of agriculture and food development.
13. Indira Gandhi Award For International Peace, Disarmament and Development
- Presented by Indira Gandhi Memorial Fund in India
- For specialized contribution in the field of international disarmament and development.
14. Bharat Ratna
- Highest civilian award of India
- Presented by the Government of India.
- Presented for exceptional public service and rarest achievements in the field of art, literature and science.
- Instituted in 1954
- The first recipient was C. Rajagopalchari
15. Padma Vibhushan
- Padma Vibhushan is the second-highest civilian award
- For distinguished services in any field including Government service.
- Padma Bhushan and Padma Shree are the other important civilian awards.
16. Bhartiya Jnanpith Awards
- Instituted in 1965
- Given for distinguished works in any recognized language by a scholar.
17. Sahitya Akademy Awards
- Instituted in 1955
- Given for any exclusive writing in any of the 22 languages including English literature.
18. Saraswati Samman
- Instituted in 1991 by the K.K. Birla Foundation
- Given for any distinguished literary work made during the last 10 years in any of the Indian language.
19. Vyas Samman
- Instituted in 1992 by the K.K. Birla Foundation
- For outstanding contribution to Hindi literature.
20. Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Awards
- Given to the Indian scientists for their exceptional performance.
21. R.D. Birla Award
- Given in the field of medical sciences.
22. Dhanvantri Award
- These awards are given for the extraordinary performance in the medical sciences.
23. Arjuna Awards
- Instituted in 1961
- Given by the Sports Ministry, Government of India.
- These are given for the special achievements in different types of sports.
24. Dronacharya Awards
- Instituted in 1985
- Given by the Sports Ministry, Government of India.
- These are given to sports coaches.
25. Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna
- It was instituted in 1992
- Presented for commendable display by the players.
26. Gallantry Awards
- Param Vir Chakra: It is India's highest award for bravery.
- Mahavir Chakra: It is the second-highest gallantry award.
- Vir Chakra: It is the third-highest gallantry award.
- Ashok Chakra: It is the highest peace-time gallantry award.
|Serial No.||Book Name||Author Name|
|1.||General Knowledge 2021||Manohar Pandey|
|2.||General Knowledge 2020||Arihant Experts|
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