Learn Vocabulary from 'The Indian Express' Newspaper Wordlist: 27th July, 2021

By Gaurav Gupta|Updated : July 27th, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

In keeping with the idea of learning and scoring better in English, we bring to you our series, ‘Newspaper Wordlist’. A daily dose of this article acquaints you with commonly (and not so commonly) used English words. The series tries to feature every such word, with its meaning, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonym, antonym, proper use in sentences, etc., that could save you from sitting with a dictionary while reading. Ultimately, it facilitates smooth reading and better intake of the newspaper article.

Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Indian Express’. Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words to boost up your learning.

Wolves and sheep

Important Words from the Article

1. WordAnecdote (उपाख्यान)

  • Pronunciationan-ik-doht/ ऐनिक्डोट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. a short amusing or interesting story about a real incident or person.
    b. an account regarded as unreliable or hearsay.
    c. the depiction of a minor narrative incident in a painting.
  • Synonyms: story, tale, parable, sketch
  • Usage in a sentence: Any competent science reporter knows anecdotes are not data and that one dramatic story proves nothing.

2. Word: Eponymous (व्यक्ति जिसके नाम से किसी रचना का नाम रखा हो)

  • Pronunciationuh-pon-uh-muh s/ एपानमस
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. (of a person) giving their name to something.
    b. (of a thing) named after a particular person or group.
  • Synonyms: self-titled, namesake, homonymous, titular
  • Antonyms: anonymous, nameless, unknown, incognito
  • Usage in a Sentence: Benko is the author of an eponymous opening line for the black pieces.

 3Word: Exhort (प्रोत्साहित करना)

  • Pronunciation: ig-zawrt/इग्ज़ॉर्ट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: strongly encourage or urge (someone) to do something.
  • Synonyms: advise, encourage, prompt, inspire
  • Antonyms: deter, discourage, inhibit
  • Usage in a Sentence: The manager must exhort his team members to work well.

4. Word: Contend (संघर्ष करना)

  • Pronunciation: kuh n-tend/कन्टेन्ड
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. assert something as a position in an argument.
    b. struggle to surmount (a difficulty).
  • Synonyms: cope with, withstand
  • Antonyms: abandon, disown
  • Use in a Sentence: The new President had great difficulties to contend with.

5. Word: Sheer (परिपूर्ण)

  • Pronunciation: sheer/शीर
  • Part of Speech: Adverb, Adjective
  • Meaning: 
    a. nothing other than; unmitigated (used for emphasis). [Adjective]
    b. completely; right. [Adverb]
  • Synonyms: complete, absolute
  • Antonyms: indefinite, incomplete
  • Use in a Sentence: The boy giggled with sheer delight.

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6. Word: Compatriot (देशभाई)

  • Pronunciation: kuh m-pey-tree-uh t/ कम्पेट्रीअट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a fellow citizen or national of a country.
  • Synonyms: associate, comrade, national
  • Antonyms: outsider, foreigner, stranger
  • Usage in a Sentence: My dear compatriot, it is time that we did something for our country.

7. Word: Saddle (लाद देना)

  • Pronunciation: sad-l/सैडल
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: burden (someone) with an onerous responsibility or task.
  • Synonyms: oppress, impose
  • Antonyms: relieve, disintegrate
  • Use in a Sentence: My brother as a manager was in the saddle again.

8. Word: Hamstrung (निरुद्ध)

  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:

        a) severely restrict the efficiency or effectiveness of.  

  • Pronunciationham-strung/हैम्स्ट्रिंग
  • Synonyms: disabled, hampered, hindered
  • Antonyms: powerful, strong, beneficial
  • Use in a Sentence: The project was hamstrung by lack of funds.

9. Word: Invoke (अभिमंत्रित करना)

  • Pronunciation: इन्वोक
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: cite or appeal to (someone or something) as an authority for an action or in support of an argument.
  • Synonyms: appeal, raise implement, enforce
  • Antonyms: dismiss, abandon, banish
  • Use in a Sentence: Saleem will invoke assistance from the police to keep stalkers away from his property

10. Word: Imputation (आरोप)

  • Pronunciation: im-pyoo-tey-shuh n/इम्प्युटेशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning
    a. the act of imputing
    b. an attribution, as of fault or crime; accusation
  • Synonyms: allegation, charge, accusation, blame
  • Antonyms: credit, defense, bathe, confession
  • Usage in a sentence: Nothing in the report carried any imputations against the company.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Imputation
  • Eponymous
  • Compatriot
  • Hamstrung
  • Sheer

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1allegationstrong
2powerfuldiscourage
3completeanonymous
4deterabsolute
5incognitoaccusation

Share your answers in the comment section.

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Gaurav GuptaGaurav GuptaMember since Jul 2020
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