Learn Vocabulary from 'The Hindu' Newspaper Wordlist: 23rd May 2022

By Anjali Chowdhury|Updated : May 23rd, 2022

Vocabulary is an essential tool to ace the English section in competitive examinations. You can score better in the subject if you are able to intensify your command of Vocabulary. A regular reading habit can help you with this. With the exercise, you will come across a number of new words, whose meanings you can look up in the dictionary. This, in turn, will help you understand the context of the piece you are reading.

Reading articles from newspapers helps you in two ways: Memorizing Static Facts from the Article & Enhancing your Vocabulary.

In conjunction with the above idea, we bring to you our series ‘Newspaper Wordlist’. This series aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly (and not so commonly) used words, ranging from their meaning and pronunciations to proper usage in sentences.

Important Vocabulary from The Hindu Editorial: 23rd May 2022

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Amplify (बढ़ाना)

  • Pronunciation: am-pluh-fahy/ऐम्प्लफाइ
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: enlarge upon or add detail to (a story or statement)
  • Synonyms: expand, magnify, augment
  • Antonyms: reduce, shorten, abridge
  • Usage in a Sentence: You must amplify your effort by working a lot harder.

2. Word: Combat (भिड़न्त/संग्राम करना)

  • Pronunciation: kuhm-bat/ कम्बैट
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. fighting between armed forces. [Noun]
    b. take action to reduce or prevent (something bad or undesirable). [Verb]
  • Synonyms: fight, battle, struggle
  • Antonyms: peace, accord, compromise
  • Usage in a sentence: The police are planning sterner measures to combat.

3. Word: Quest (अनुसंधान)

  • Pronunciation: kwest/क्वेस्ट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a long search for something that is difficult to find, or an attempt to achieve something difficult
  • Synonyms: search, pursuit, hunt, mission, seeking
  • Antonyms: retreat
  • Usage in a sentence: Nothing will stop them in their quest for truth. 

4. Word: Wary (चौकन्ना)

  • Pronunciation: wair-ee/ वेरी
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. watchful; being on one's guard against danger.
    b. arising from or characterized by caution:
  • Synonyms: careful, cautious, circumspect 
  • Antonyms: careless, naive, reckless
  • Usage in a sentence: Government around the world should be wary of the damage COVID-19 pandemic's third wave can inflict upon the world. 

5. Word: Orthodox (शास्त्रसम्मत)

  • Pronunciation: awr-thuh-doks/ ऑर्थडाक्स
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: following or conforming to the traditional or generally accepted rules or beliefs of a religion, philosophy, or practice.
  • Synonyms: traditional, conventional, standard
  • Antonyms: unconventional, irregular
  • Usage in a sentence: He challenged the orthodox views on education.

6. Word: Reckon (समझना, सम्मिलित करना)

  • Pronunciationrek-uhn/ रेकन
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning
    a. establish by calculation.
    b. be of the opinion.
    c. rely on or be sure of.
  • Synonyms: calculate, think, figure, estimate, count
  • Antonyms: deprive, disavow, depreciate, abandon
  • Usage in a sentence: I reckon that it's going to rain.

7. Phrase: Strike a chord (दिल के तारों को छू लेना)

  • Pronunciation: स्ट्राइक अ कोर्ड
  • Meaning: cause someone to feel sympathy, emotion, or enthusiasm.
  • Synonyms: touch, affect, excite, impress, influence
  • Antonyms: hit a nerve, discourage, dissuade, lose
  • Usage in a sentence: Her comments about political corruption clearly struck a chord with

8. Word: Embroil (उलझाना)

  • Pronunciation: em-broil/एम्ब्रॉइल
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to cause someone to become involved in an argument or a difficult situation
  • Synonyms: tangle, involve 
  • Antonyms: interpret, extricate
  • Usage in a sentence: The UN was reluctant to get its forces embroiled in another war.

9. Word: Sprint (बड़ी तेज़ी से दौड़ना)

  • Pronunciation: sprint/ स्प्रिन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning
    a. run at full speed over a short distance. (Verb)
    b. an act or short spell of running at full speed. (Noun)
  • Synonyms: race, rush, dart, hasten
  • Antonyms: walk, dawdle, saunter, stroll
  • Usage in a sentence: The bicycle racers sprinted for the finish line.

10. Word: Tarnish (दूषित करना)

  • Pronunciation: tahr-nish/ टार्निश
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning
    a. lose or cause to lose lustre, especially as a result of exposure to air or moisture. (Verb)
    b. make or become less valuable or respected. (Verb)
    c. dullness of colour; loss of brightness. (Noun)
    d. damage or harm done to something. (Noun)
  • Synonymsdiscolourstain, sully, besmirch, blacken, smear, defile
  • Antonyms: improve, purify, clean, brighten, enhance
  • Usage in a sentence: The scandal tarnished his reputation.

The Hindu Newspaper Vocabulary Based Exercises: 23rd May 2022

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • reckon
  • strike a chord
  • embroil
  • sprint
  • tarnish

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym

Share your answers in the comment section. 


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