Learn Vocabulary from 'The Hindu' Newspaper Wordlist: 20th May 2022

By Anjali Chowdhury|Updated : May 20th, 2022

Vocabulary is an essential tool to ace the English section in competitive examinations. You can score better in the subject if you are able to intensify your command of Vocabulary. A regular reading habit can help you with this. With the exercise, you will come across a number of new words, whose meanings you can look up in the dictionary. This, in turn, will help you understand the context of the piece you are reading.

Reading articles from newspapers helps you in two ways: Memorizing Static Facts from the Article & Enhancing your Vocabulary.

In conjunction with the above idea, we bring to you our series ‘Newspaper Wordlist’. This series aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly (and not so commonly) used words, ranging from their meaning and pronunciations to proper usage in sentences.

Important Vocabulary from The Hindu Editorial: 20th May 2022

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Exorbitant (अतिशय)

  • Pronunciation: ig-zawr-bi-tuhnt/इग्ज़ॉर्बिटन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning
    a. exceeding the bounds of custom, propriety, or reason, especially in amount or extent; highly excessive
  • Synonyms: outrageous, extortionate, excessive
  • Antonyms: cheap, frugal, affordable
  • Usage in a sentence: The bill for dinner was exorbitant.

2. Word: Aftermath (परिणाम)

  • Pronunciation: af-ter-math/ऐफ्टर्मैथ
  • Part of Speech
  • Meaning:
    a. something that results or follows from an event, especially one of a disastrous or unfortunate nature; consequence
    b. a new growth of grass following one or more mowing, which may be grazed, mowed, or plowed under
  • Synonyms: consequence, effect, outcome, result
  • Antonyms: antecedent, cause, reason, basis
  • Usage in a sentence: Many more people died in the aftermath of the explosion.

 3Word: Massacre (नरसंहार)

  • Pronunciation: mas-uh-ker/ मैसकर
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning
    a. an indiscriminate and brutal slaughter of many people. [Noun]
    b. deliberately and brutally kill (many people). [Verb]
  • Synonyms: slaughter, murder, killing, carnage
  • Antonyms: saving, protection, security
  • Usage in a Sentence: They caught the terrorist who was responsible for the massacre and placed him under arrest.

4. Word: Distress (परेशान करना, यातनाएं देना)

  • Pronunciation: dih-stres/डिस्ट्रेस
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb, Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. a feeling of extreme worry, sadness, or pain (Noun)
    b. a situation in which you are suffering or are in great danger and therefore in urgent need of help (Noun)
    c. to make someone feel very upset or worried (Verb)
    d. caused by or indicative of distress or hardship (Adjective)
  • Synonyms: trouble, upset, torment
  • Antonyms: comfort, soothe, calm
  • Usage in a sentence: Many of the horses were showing signs of distress at the end of the race.

5. Word: Credible (विश्वास करने योग्य)

  • Pronunciationkred-uh-buhl/ क्रेडबल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. able to be believed; convincing.
    b. capable of persuading people that something will happen or be successful. 
  • Synonyms: believable, plausible, trustworthy, reliable
  • Antonyms: unbelievable, incredible, unreliable
  • Usage in a Sentence: The plot is credible but the characters lack individuality.


6. Word: Empower (अधिकार देना)

  • Pronunciation: em-pou-er/एम्पाउअर
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: give (someone) the authority or power to do something.
  • Synonyms: authorize, license, enable
  • Antonyms: deny, reject
  • Usage in a Sentence: The role of the chief manager is to empower the team.

7. Word:  Enrich (बढ़ाना/सम्पन्न बनाना)

  • Pronunciation: en-rich/एन्रिच
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to improve the quality of something by adding something else
    b. to add greater value or significance to
  • Synonyms: enhance, improve, ornament
  • Antonyms: impoverish, reduce, deplete
  • Usage in a sentence: The presentations could be enriched with more digital media.

8. Word:  Collusion (अभिसंधि)

  • Pronunciation: kuh-loo-zhuhn /कलूश़न
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning - secret or illegal cooperation or conspiracy in order to deceive others
  • Synonyms - complicity, deceit
  • Antonyms - honesty
  • Usage in a sentence- The collusion between the two oil companies is being investigated by the justice department.

9. Word: Advocacy (पक्षसमर्थन)

  • Pronunciation: ad-vuh-kuh-see/ऐड्वकसी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. public support for an idea, plan, or way of doing something
  • Synonyms: promotion, support, backing
  • Antonyms: attack, arguing, charge
  • Usage in a sentence: She is renowned for her advocacy of human rights.

10. Word: Cursory (अनिपुण)

  • Pronunciation: kur-suh-ree/कर्सरी
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. quick and probably not detailed
  • Synonyms: perfunctory, superficial, quick
  • Antonyms: thorough, careful, complete
  • Usage in a sentence: He gave the picture a cursory glance.

The Hindu Newspaper Vocabulary Based Exercises: 20th May 2022

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Cursory
  • Exorbitant
  • Aftermath
  • Massacre
  • Distress

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1 Credible Deceit
2 Collusion Enable
3 Advocacy Improve
4 Enrich Reliable
5 Empower Promotion

Share your answers in the comment section.


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