Prepositions- a function word that typically combines with a noun phrase to form a phrase that usually expresses a modification or prediction.
Types of Prepositions
1. Simple Preposition:- When a preposition consists of one word is called a single or simple preposition. Simple prepositions are words such as at, in, out, below, above, and below. These prepositions may be used to mark a place, time, or distance.
- till, etc.
Some examples in sentences with rising prepositions are: She sat on the chair.
2. Double Preposition:-
When a preposition consists of more than one word is called double preposition.
- up to etc.
3. Compound Preposition:-
When a preposition consists of two or more words for expressing location, typically a simple preposition and a different phrase.
- on behalf of
- according to
- in front of
- from across etc.
Another example:-She sat across Suresh.
4. Participle Preposition:-
When a preposition consists of words that end in “ing” is called a participle preposition. A participle preposition is a participle that functions as a preposition (a -ed or a-ing verb).
Many of the most common examples are
- and valued
Unlike other participles, participatory prepositions do not necessarily produce confusing modifiers when they do not relate to a topic. So find the following word to take a counterexample: Sitting on the swing she began to feel sick.
- considering, etc.
5. Disguised Prepositions:-
These are those that are not used in the sentences but are implied.
For example- the letters 'a' and 'o'. Here, 'a' stands for the shortened form of the preposition 'on' and 'o' stands for the shortened form of the preposition 'of'.
- ‘by’ can be changed into ‘be’,
- ‘on’ into ‘a’, and
- ‘of’ can be changed into ‘o’,
for example, 5 O’ clock.
Group of words used with the force of a single preposition is called phrase preposition.
- according to
- by means of
- owing to
- with a view to
- in place of
- in front of
- in spite of
- instead of
- in order to
- by virtue of
- by way of, etc.
Prepositions of time:
This is a preposition that allows you to describe a particular time period such as a calendar day, one of the weekdays, or the actual moment something is occurring. Time prepositions are the same words as place prepositions but used differently. It is easy to differentiate such prepositions because they often mention times rather than places.
1. The school is open from 9.30 to 6.00 Monday to Saturday.
2. They waited until half-past nine for you.
3. She had promised to be back by nine o'clock.
- At –This time preposition is used to describe clock hours, holidays and events, as well as other very common time periods like exceptions, including "at night."
- In –This preposition of time is used to address months, seasons, years, ages, general times of the day, and longer periods of time such as "in the past." On –This preposition of time is used to describe other weekdays or parts of the weekdays, specific hours, and special days such as "on Christmas Day." Just three location prepositions exist, but they can be used to define an almost infinite number of locations.
- At –A preposition location used to address a given point.
- In –A location preposition used to describe a room limited to it.
Preposition for Agent:
Preposition for Agent is used in the sentence for something else that is the cause. These prepositions consist of: by, with, etc.
1. This book is written by John Green.
2. I went to the market with my sister.
3. That glass was broken by the Kids.
Preposition of Instrument:
Diverse prepositions are used by different computers, instruments, or machines. For instance: by, with, on, etc.
1. She comes by metro daily.
2. He will come with Rahul.
Suggested Read Books:
|Serial No.||Book Name||Author Name|
|1.||The Preposition Book: Practice Toward Mastering English||Tom Cole|
|2.||Prepositions: The Ultimate Book - Mastering English Prepositions||Andrew Bruckfield|
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