English Notes:Basics of Adverb for UP State Exams

By Nitin Singhal|Updated : January 14th, 2021

In this article, notes on Adverb are provided. In english grammar section of various state exams, some questions related to Adverb are asked related to its concept and examples. It will be helpful in last time revision.

What is Adverb?

An Adverb is a word/set of words used to modify (give us more information about) a verb, an adjective or even another adverb. 


  • She runs quickly. (Here, the adverb quickly modifies the verb runs.) 
  • She is an extremely quick runner. (Here, the adverb extremely modifies the adjective quick.) 
  • She runs extremely quickly. (Here, the adverb extremely modifies the adverb quickly.) 
  • She Drove Slowly. (Here, the adverb slowly modifies the verb drove) 
  • She Drove a very fast car. (Here, the adverb modifies an adjective.) 
  • She moved quite slowly down the aisle. (Here, the adverb modifies another adverb.) 


The adverbs have the following four types: Adverb of Manner, Adverb of Place, Adverb of Time, Adverb of Frequency

1.Adverb of Manner 

An adverb of manner explains how an action is carried out. They are usually positioned after the main verb or after the object. e.g (Nicely, carefully, softly, harshly, sadly, Greedily, angrily etc.) Very often adverbs of manner are adjectives with -ly added to the end.) 


  • She was happy with her toys. 
  • Rahul was driving carelessly
  • The kids were watching the television very carefully
  • She came inside quickly.

2.Adverb of Place

The adverb of a place expresses the place of occurrence of an action or where something happens. e.g (somewhere, everywhere, inside, ahead, over, there etc.) They are sometimes known as spatial adverbs and tells us where the action happens. 


  • They travelled down the mountainside. 
  • Tamil Nadu is located in the south of India. 
  • Please come inside
  • Someone is standing outside
  • She lives somewhere in London. 

3.Adverb of Time

The adverb of time tells us when an action occurs or how often. These adverbs state the time of occurrence of the action. e.g (now, today, tomorrow, yesterday, tonight, later, already etc.) Adverb of time is usually placed at the end of the sentence. 


  • I called him today
  • She is going to Chennai tomorrow
  • I am still waiting for my mother. 
  • Riya forgot her bag yesterday and again today
  • Are you going tonight

4.Adverb of Frequency 

Adverb of frequency expresses how often something or action occurs. It gives an idea about the frequency of the occurrence of the event. e.g ( usually, daily, weekly, yearly, always, sometimes, never, occasionally etc) The adverbs of frequency are usually placed after the main verb or between the auxiliary and infinitive verb. 


  • He always helps me. 
  • She keeps calling me again and again
  • I play badminton regularly
  • We receive our salaries monthly
  • He usually sleeps in the day. 


One of the qualities of adverbs is their ability to move around in a sentence. The rules are different depending on, if the adverb is acting to modify the verb or another adverb, an adjective or what type of adverb it is. 

The positioning of adverb with other adverbs and adjectives. 

These adverbs are usually positioned before another adverb or adjective being modified or changed: 

  • We gave them a really tough competition. the adverb ‘really’ qualifies or modifies the adjective ‘tough’
  • It was quite windy that night. The adverb ‘quite’ modifies or qualifies the adjective ‘windy’
  • We do not go to the park very often. The Adverb ‘very’ modifies or qualifies the adverb ‘often.’ 

The positioning of adverbs with the verb. 

This depends on the type of the adverb – position, place, time etc. , There are many exceptions to these rules. Though, a very basic set of guidelines is mentioned here: 

The Adverbs of place or manner are usually placed at the very end of the sentence/statement: 

  • She laughed timidly
  • I stroked the cat gently
  • Shanaya lived there
  • There are dogs everywhere

When the adverb is of definite time, it is positioned at the end of the statement/sentence. 

  • I did it today
  • We can discuss it tonight
  • Let’s go to Chicago next week. 

However, when the adverb is of an indefinite period of time, it will go between the subject and the main verb. 

  • We often go to Chicago in the springtime. 
  • Paulina regularly swims here. 
  • Sheena and ronnyd always loved fishing by the lake. 


Comparison degrees of adverbs are Positive, Comparative and superlative. 

  • The Adverbs of one syllable form their comparative degree by adding ‘-er’ and their superlative by adding ‘-est’ to a positive degree. 

Positive Comparative Superlative 

Near Nearer Nearest 

Short Shorter Shortest 

  • The Adverbs ending in ‘-ly- form their comparative by adding more and they are superlative by adding most: 

Positive Comparative Superlative 

Gently More gently most gently 

Bravely More bravely most bravely 

  • The Adverbs form their comparison degrees in irregular ways 

Positive Comparative Superlative 

Much More Most 

Late Later Last 


  • Boldly 
  • Carefully 
  • Deliberately 
  • Terribly 
  • Sadly 
  • Inside 
  • Outside 
  • Everywhere 
  • Anywhere 
  • Here 
  • There 
  • Later 
  • Now 
  • Today 
  • Tonight 
  • Always 
  • Before 
  • Almost 
  • Enough 
  • Very 
  • Completely 
  • Really 
  • Absolutely 
  • Randomly 
  • Cheerfully 

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