World Malaria Day - History, Significance, Theme

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Mar 3, 2022, 5:09

Malaria is one of the top deadliest diseases that has affected nearly 40% of people of all age groups worldwide in the last two decades. Thousands of people still lose their lives to malaria every year. In fact, various animals fall prey to this deadly disease too. You will be shocked to know that the spreader of this deadly disease is none other than tiny mosquitos.

Even though this disease can be fully treated, the bad news is that antimalarial drugs are becoming less effective as years pass by. Plus, not every country is equipped well enough to treat this disease properly. Therefore, infection prevention is a better strategy to have a world free from malaria. For effective prevention, we need to spread awareness worldwide to reach the zero malaria target one day, and the sole purpose of celebrating World Malaria Day is precisely that.

About Malaria disease

Plasmodium-infected female Anopheles mosquitoes are the spreaders of malaria, and they transmit this disease through mosquito bites. When an infected female Anopheles mosquito bites a person, the parasites enter their bloodstream from the spreader's saliva. At first, it feels like a regular mosquito bite, but the infection becomes noticeable after a week or two. The usual symptoms include fever, fatigue, body aches, sweating, headaches, nausea, and vomiting. If things get serious, it can lead to yellow fever, coma, seizures, and even death.

This disease has the highest spread rate in tropical regions and countries with humid climates such as Asia, Africa, Latin America. This is because of high temperature and continuous rainfall that leaves standing bodies of water is the perfect environment for the breeding of mosquitoes.

World Malaria Day Objective

The sole objective behind the celebration of World Malaria Day is spreading awareness against this deadly disease and taking urgent actions for the control and prevention of the same. The idea behind the celebration of this day was developed from Africa Malaria Day. As the rate of malaria is higher in Africa compared to other regions, the African government has been observing Africa Malaria Day since 2001.

In the year 2007, WHO (World Health Organisation) in their 60th session of the World Health Assembly, proposed Africa Malaria Day be changed to World Malaria Day. This decision was made because the spread of malaria is almost as much as Africa in many other regions, and doing this will help spread awareness worldwide.

On World Malaria Day, WHO and partners celebrate the achievements and precautions that different countries take each year in order to eliminate malaria. Other than that, they also provide useful information on how each person can contribute to eliminating malaria by keeping their households and surroundings clean. The WHO officials have decided to celebrate World Malaria Day 2022 in Paris, where a series of activities will be held throughout the city to raise awareness.

World Malaria Day Theme

World Malaria Day focuses on a particular theme each year since its establishment on April 25th, 2007. Having a theme maximizes the efforts to raise awareness to prevent, control, and eliminate this fatal disease. The first-ever theme for this day was Malaria: a disease without borders. The theme for World Malaria Day 2021 was Reaching the zero malaria target. and it was a successful year of spreading awareness against malaria despite the outbreak of COVID-19.

Although Malaria is not a deadly disease, people still lose their lives to this disease. World Malaria Day is celebrated across the world on 25th April to spread awareness about malaria and take steps for its prevention.

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FAQs on World Malaria Day

Q.1) What is malaria?

Malaria is one of the top deadliest diseases that has affected nearly 40% of people of all age groups worldwide in the last two decades.

Q.2) Which country is malaria-free?

WHO has awarded China malaria-free certification. Back in the 1940s, there used to be over 30 million reported cases.

Q.3) What was the theme of World Malaria Day 2021?

The theme for World Malaria Day 2021 was Reaching the zero malaria target. and it was a successful year of spreading awareness against malaria despite the outbreak of COVID-19.