International Day for Abolition of Slavery [2nd December]

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Apr 28, 2022, 13:23

Based on statistics released by the International Labour Organisation (ILO), approximately 40.3 million people worldwide are in modern slavery, out of which about 24.9 are victims of forced labour, and 15.4 million are in forced marriage. Read International Day for Abolition of Slavery in detail.

International Day for Abolition of Slavery History

2nd December is the date of the adoption of the United Nations Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others (Resolution 317 (IV) of 2 December 1949). To commemorate the date, the General Assembly of the United Nations Convention observes 2nd December as the International Day for Abolition of Slavery to eradicate modern forms of slavery, such as trafficking, sexual exploitation, child labour, forced marriage, and forced recruitment of children in armed conflict.

International Day for Abolition of Slavery - Contemporary Forms of Slavery

It is essential to know the modern forms of slavery that exist today to understand the significance of the International Day for Abolition of Slavery.

Modern slavery can be defined as the extreme exploitation of other people for commercial or personal gain. The contemporary forms of slavery, like the old forms, have originated due to discrimination against vulnerable communities such as low caste groups, indigenous people, and tribal minorities.

The International Day for Abolition of Slavery is observed to take urgent action against contemporary forms of slavery, which include -

  • Forced Labor

Forced labour refers to work done by people who have been trafficked for personal, commercial, or economic gain.

This includes people working in servitude, food, garment, construction or even agricultural industry, and prostitution.

  • Child Labor

One in ten children works worldwide. Child labour includes all kinds of work that deprives the rights of a child to education or interferes with the child's physical, mental, spiritual health, or moral or social development.

This includes any form of unlawful recruitment for domestic or commercial purposes or even the use of children as soldiers.

  • Trafficking

Trafficking includes forced transportation, recruitment, and transfer of persons by threat or other exploitation forms, including prostitution, sexual exploitation, forced labour, servitude, or even removal of organs.

Important Exams
UPSC ExamIBPS PO Exam
SSC ExamDefence Exam
SSC CHSL ExamSSC Steno Exam
RRB JE ExamSSC CGL Exam
RRB NTPC ExamIBPS Clerk Exam
IBPS SO ExamUPPSC Exam

Significance of International Day for Abolition of Slavery

There are 5.4 modern slavery victims for every 1,000 people in the world. The Abolition of Slavery Day is observed to remember and stress the need for recognition and action against modern forms of slavery because:

  • People from poor and marginalized communities are particularly vulnerable. These include refugees and migrants, racial and ethnic minorities, indigenous peoples, etc.
  • 99% of women and girls who are victims of forced labour are used in the commercial sex industry, and 58% in other sectors.
  • Out of the 40 million victims of slavery, one in four are children; three in four are women and girls from minority groups.

☛ Also Get: Today's Current Affairs PDF

International Day for Abolition of Slavery Theme

The International Day for Abolition of Slavery 2021 theme was “Ending Slavery's Legacy of Racism: A Global Imperative for Justice.” It focused on the global movement to completely eradicate the injustices of the slave trade and to stress the significance of raising awareness about the history of the slave trade and slavery, and its impact on the modern world.

Although modern forms of slavery exist around us, they are not visible. They are hidden in the clothes we wear or the food we eat. Any form of slavery is a violation of human rights, and every human has the right to decent work.

The Abolition of Slavery Day thus works towards ending the inhumanity of modern slavery once and for all.

More Current Affairs Topics
Mudumalai Tiger ReserveMyanmar Coup d'état 2021
mWRAPRMithun
Milkha SinghMetaverse
Magur FishLosar Festival
LiFi TechnologyLIBOR

FAQs on International Day for Abolition of Slavery

Q.1. When is the International Day for Abolition of Slavery observed?

International Day for Abolition of Slavery is observed on 2 December every year.

Q.2. Why was the International Day for Abolition of Slavery launched?

The UN General Assembly proclaimed the International Day for Abolition of Slavery to raise awareness and eradicate modern forms of slavery like trafficking, sexual exploitation, child labour, forced marriage, and unlawful recruitment of child soldiers.

Q.3. When was the International Day for Abolition of Slavery initiated?

On 2 December, the General Assembly adopted the United Nations Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others (resolution 317(IV) of 2 December 1949). This event marks the International Day for Abolition of Slavery.

Q.4. What is the theme of International Day for Abolition of Slavery 2021?

The theme for International Day for Abolition of Slavery 2021 was “Ending Slavery's Legacy of Racism: A Global Imperative for Justice.”

Q.5. What is the objective of International Day for Abolition of Slavery?

The objective of International Day for Abolition of Slavery is to eradicate all the forms of modern slavery worldwide once and for all.