International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction [October 13]

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Apr 25, 2022, 8:19

Millions of people all around the world are affected every year by natural and technological disasters. The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) launched the International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction to raise awareness about the global culture of risk and reduce the impact of disasters through planning and measures.

Observed on October 13 every year, this day also stresses the steps taken by communities and governments around the world towards reducing disaster exposure and losses of lives, health, and livelihoods.

International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction History 

In 1989, the UNGA decided to raise awareness about the global culture of risk- and disaster reduction; and in 2009, the UNGA officially proclaimed October 13 as the International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction.

The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015 - 2030 was adopted to achieve disaster risk reduction and improve the economic, social, cultural and environmental assets of individuals and communities over the next 15 years.

It was adopted at the Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction in Sendai, Japan, in 2015. It addresses the essential steps that need to be taken by nations for disaster risk reduction.

The Sendai Framework is action-oriented and people-centric when it comes to its approach to disaster risk reduction. It applies to small-scale and large-scale disasters that are due to either man-made, natural, environmental, technological, or biological hazards.

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International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction Objectives 

The main objective of the International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction is to monitor actions on disaster risk reduction and take measures to build and maintain the resilience of cities prone to disaster. This is achieved by:

  • Eliminating the disaster risk by implementing a risk reduction process in urban development and design.
  • Assisting countries to design policies and legislative frameworks for disaster reduction.
  • Working in line with the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) with experts, practitioners, and innovators to reduce disaster risk and investigate the state of risk around the world by studying new, emerging trends, disturbing patterns, etc.
  • Following the outlines of the Sendai Framework by enhancing disaster preparedness, strengthening disaster risk governance, understanding disaster risk, and investigating disaster resilience.

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International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction Theme

In 2021, the theme for International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction was "International Cooperation for Developing Countries to Reduce their Disaster Risk and Disaster Losses".

It focused on the best practices of international cooperation in line with Target F of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030. These practices have positively impacted people's lives from disaster-prone parts of the world and helped reduce the numbers of civilians affected by man-made and natural hazards.

Today's advanced technology helps us to understand several calamities of the past. It also indicates new climate and disaster risks that will be emerging in the future.

The occasion of International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction prevents and prepares for disasters of climate change, extreme weather, and environmental degradation that cause great social and economic upheaval and displace millions of people every year.

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FAQs on International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction

Q.1. When is the International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction?

The UN General Assembly has designated 13 October as International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction.

Q.2. Why was the International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction launched?

International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction highlights the achievements of the people and communities around the globe that are helping to reduce exposure to disasters and raises awareness about the importance of global risk culture.

Q.3. When was International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction proclaimed by the UN?

In 1989, the UN decided to raise awareness about the global culture of risk- and disaster reduction; and in 2009, it officially proclaimed 13 October as the International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction.

Q.4. What was the theme of International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction 2021?

The theme for International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction 2021 was “International cooperation for developing countries to reduce their disaster risk and disaster losses.”

Q.5. What is the objective of International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction?

The objective of the International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction is to reduce the state of disaster risk around the globe by investigating emerging trends and assisting disaster-prone areas in risk management.