Bitcoin - History, Meaning, Why it is Used?

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Feb 24, 2023, 19:51

Bitcoin is a new-age digital currency operating in an open payment network, free of the control of governments or banks. It is a form of cryptocurrency, and all bitcoin transactions are recorded in digital ledgers called blockchains. Bitcoin is one of the first cryptocurrencies to go mainstream and has garnered the interest of an increasing number of investors.

Cryptocurrencies have come increasingly into the limelight with the passage of time and their induction into popular investment channels. Bitcoin is one of the first cryptocurrencies to go mainstream. We have shared more about bitcoin, its meaning, and its history here.

Bitcoin Meaning

Bitcoin is a decentralized digital currency, where “decentralized” means that the disbursement of bitcoin is free from the control of any country's central bank. Hence, it is free from the power of any government. Bitcoin is created through a process called mining.

On October 31, 2008, Bitcoin assumed its identity when an unknown individual or group of individuals known as Satoshi Nakamoto released a white paper about Bitcoin titled "Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System."





Launched By

Satoshi Nakamoto

Exchange Rate


Bitcoin History

Bitcoin was launched as a decentralized digital currency in 2008. It was explained as an open-source code in the white paper released by Satoshi Nakamoto. Bitcoin was explained to operate on a public distributed ledger system intertwined with blockchain technology.

When was Bitcoin Launched?

  • On January 3, 2009, the Bitcoin network emerged as Nakamoto mined the first block of the chain on which Bitcoin is based. This first block is known as the genesis block.
  • The first recipient of a Bitcoin transaction was Hal Finney. Hal Finney created the first reusable proof-of-work system (RPoW) in 2004.
  • Finney downloaded the Bitcoin code on its publication and received ten Bitcoins from Satoshi Nakamoto on January 12, 2009.
  • In 2010, the first known Bitcoin transaction for a commercial purpose occurred when programmer Laszlo Hanyecz used ₿10,000 to purchase two Papa John's pizzas from Jeremy Sturdivant.

Bitcoin in India

India's stance on the legitimacy of Bitcoin has remained unclear for years. The first signs of Bitcoin gaining any recognition by the Indian Government can be seen in the Indian Budget Speech of 2022. Here’s all that happened:

  • In her Budget speech on February 1, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has announced that the income made from the transfer of digital assets would be taxed at 30%.
  • This tax will apply to cryptocurrencies and non-fungible tokens as they are included in the "digital assets" definition.
  • Moreover, the Reserve Bank of India will issue a new digital rupee using blockchain and other technologies for 2022-23.
  • However, the legality of cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin is still in question in India.
  • While the stance on whether Bitcoin can be considered a legal tender is still unclear, income from Bitcoin-related transactions will be taxed from the Financial Year 2022-23.

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FAQs on Bitcoin

Q1. What is Bitcoin and how does it work?

Bitcoin is a digital currency based on blockchain technology. Bitcoin transactions occur in a decentralized, open payment network. Bitcoin transactions are recorded and can be updated in a digital ledger through blockchain. This digital currency was introduced in 2008.

Q2. Who developed Bitcoin and when was it launched?

Satoshi Nakamoto, an individual or group of individuals, took the credit for developing Bitcoin in 2008. They also released a white paper, “Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System,” explaining how Bitcoin would work. Bitcoin was officially launched in 2009 when the first transaction was made using cryptocurrency.

Q3. How to buy Bitcoin?

You can buy Bitcoin from cryptocurrency exchanges or even traditional brokers. Paypal, Coinbase, and Robinhood are some of the places where you can buy Bitcoin as a beginner. Once you have bought Bitcoin, you can decide how much you want to invest in it.

Q4. How does Bitcoin make money?

Bitcoins are created as part of the Bitcoin mining process. They are offered as a lucrative reward to people who operate computer systems that help validate transactions. Bitcoin is a type of digital currency, all records of which are stored in digital ledgers created using blockchain technology.

Q5. What is Bitcoin Mining?

Bitcoin mining is a process where new Bitcoins are created and awarded to miners when these miners solve complex math problems associated with mining a Bitcoin. Simply put, Bitcoin mining is a process through which transactions are validated on the bitcoin network.

Q6. How to convert Bitcoin into cash?

You can convert Bitcoin into cash through a broker exchange. The steps to convert Bitcoin into cash are

  1. Choose a third-party broker for the exchange and get yourself verified.
  2. Buy or deposit your bitcoin into your account.
  3. Deposit the bitcoin into your bank account or into other networks that allow Bitcoin exchange.