World Fisheries Day - 21st November

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Jun 16, 2022, 6:59

World Fisheries Day is celebrated annually on 21st November by fishing communities across the globe. It emphasises the importance of healthy marine ecosystems and the importance of securing sustainable fish stocks around the world.

2021 marks the 5th World Fisheries Day. The first World Fisheries Day was celebrated on 21st November 2015, and this day also marks the inaugurating ceremony of the International Fisheries Organization. This day is meant to pay attention to the neglected communities and emphasise their efforts. It also looks at performance indicators over the past year and how they overlap with new trends.

World Fisheries Day History

The Forum of the World Fisheries Consortium was established around 1997 and was given the name WFF (World Fisheries Forum). Within the framework of this forum, several participants from around the world were involved.

About 18 countries signed a global consensus document outlining the standardisation of practices. In addition, this has led to sustained action to flag higher development practices and policies to make fishing a lucrative standard and means of trade and commerce.

The Theme of World Fisheries Day

The theme for 2021 included a stronger focus on fishing, nature, the right combination of environments, and biodiversity.

In 2020, the focus was on "Social Responsibility in the Fisheries Value Chain".

In 2019, the focus was expanded under the theme of "2022 ka Hai Sapna, Kisan Ki Aay Ho Dugna - Sankalp Se Siddhi".

In 2018 the theme was "Partnerships and Innovation for Climate Change-Resistant Fisheries."

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Significance of World Fisheries Day

Seafood and fish are traditional foods for many people around the world. People living especially in coastal areas and areas near the sea consume it as one of their staple foods. Therefore, this day helps set future trading goals and milestones and brings together many allies under one roof, not just the fishing department.

The fishing industry suffers from many problems, including the breeding of blue-green algae in the oceans and the seas, oil spills and pollution in marine bodies, invasion of plastics, toxic chemicals in seawater, etc. The survival of the fishing industry has become extremely difficult.

World Fisheries Day is critical to today's trade, as the industry lacks adequate guidelines on investment issues. As a result of global warming, the temperature of the earth's water has risen, further affecting the livelihoods of fish populations. Proactive and proper management of relevant factors can balance the conditions under which sustainable fisheries can thrive and survive.

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Important Facts about Fishing in India

  • India is the world's second-largest producer of fish through aquaculture.
  • India is the fourth largest fish exporter globally as it contributes 7.7% to the world's fish production.
  • Currently, this sector supports the lives of more than 2.8 million people in the country. Still, this is a sector with untapped potential.
  • India's Economic Survey 2019-20 estimated that so far, only 58% of the country's fishing potential has been developed.
  • Despite infrastructure challenges, central government policies over the last six years ensure that the fisheries sector continues to grow at an annual rate of over 10%.
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FAQs about World Fisheries Day

Q.1 When was World Fisheries Day first envisioned?

World Fisheries Day was created in 1997 when the World Forum on Fish Harvesters and Fisheries Workers met in New Delhi, and the World Fisheries Forum was established with representatives from 18 countries.

Q.2 What is the relevance of World Fisheries Day?

World Fisheries Day demonstrates solidarity with all fishermen, aquaculture, and affected stakeholders worldwide. The purpose is to draw attention to habitat destruction, overfishing, and other serious threats to the sustainability of marine and inland stocks.

Q.3 What is the Theme of World Fisheries Day 2021?

The Theme for World Fisheries Day 2021 included a stronger focus on fishing, nature, the right combination of environments, and biodiversity.

Q.4 When is World Fisheries Day Celebrated?

World Fisheries Day is celebrated on 21st November.

Q.5 Which place was awarded as the Best Marine District?

During the WFD award ceremony hosted by the Ministry of Fisheries, Livestock, and Dairy of Bhubaneswar, Balasore District (Orissa) was awarded as India's "Best Marine District".

Q.6 What have been the major changes and innovations in the fisheries sector in India?

In recent years, the fishery industry has undergone three major changes:

  • Growth of inland aquaculture, especially freshwater aquaculture.
  • The mechanisation of catch fishing.
  • Succeeded in brackish water shrimp farming