Tianwen 1 China Mars Mission

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Mar 7, 2023, 12:31

Tianwen-1 China Mars Mission spacecraft landed on Mars, bringing its first Mars rover, Zhurong.

After the United States and the Soviet Union, it was the third nation to land on Mars. China's last 'Yinghuo-1' Mars mission, which was backed up by a Russian spacecraft, failed in 2012 when it failed to leave Earth's orbit and exploded over the Pacific Ocean.

Tianwen-1 China Mars Mission - Overview

In July 2020, the Tianwen-1 China Mars Mission spacecraft was launched from the Wenchang launch facility on a Long March 5 rocket. China launched the Tianwen 1 probe, which is the country's first Mars probe.

It was formerly known as Huoxing. The Tianwen expedition was inspired by an old Chinese poem titled "Questions to Heaven."

In 2020, the Tianwen-1 China Mars Mission spacecraft was launched from the Wenchang launch facility on a customised Long March 5 rocket. Utopia Planitia, a wide plain region in Mars' northern hemisphere, was where the landing happened.

Tianwen-1 China Mars Mission spacecraft is the first to install a radar on the planet's surface that can penetrate the Earth in order to research the planet's local geology and quantify the effects of rock, ice, and soil.

The lander successfully landed on the surface of Mars, transporting a rover named Zhurong, which is named after a Chinese god of fire for a planet-renowned as the planet of fire. Just the Soviet Union, as well as the United States, had successfully landed on Mars earlier.

Parts of Tianwen-1 China Mars Mission

There are three parts to Tianwen-1 China Mars Mission:

  1. The spacecraft is made up of three components: an orbiter, a lander, and a rover that is separated in Mars orbit.
  2. Whereas the lander-rover pair has conducted an automated descent and touchdown, the orbiter will continue to orbit for research operations and transmit messages.
  3. The Tianwen-1 lander has successfully landed on Utopia Planitia, a vast plain in Mars' northern hemisphere.

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Aim of the Tianwen-1 China Mars Mission

Tianwen-1 China Mars Mission was launched to conduct numerous scientific inquiries into the planet's soil, geological structure, and typical atmosphere and water. The lander will also try to determine the composition of the surface material, the electromagnetic and gravitational fields, and the location of water ice deposits.

China has also sent Chang'e-5 to the moon and Tianhe, a permanent space station, into orbit. The mission aims to construct a geological map of Mars and analyse the composition of the surface materials.

It also aspires to learn more about the Martian environment and atmosphere on the ground.

After months of helping the Zhurong rover, Tianwen-1 China Mars Mission orbiter has shifted its orbit to undertake a remote sensing survey of Mars.

Since February, Tianwen-1 China Mars Mission has been orbiting Mars, and in May, the Zhurong rover was deployed for its successful landing in Mars' Utopia Planitia.

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FAQs on Tianwen-1 China Mars Mission

Q.1. What is Tianwen-1 China Mars Mission?

Tianwen-1 is the initial phase in the Tianwen-1 China Mars Mission, which will include asteroid exploration, a Mars sample-return mission, and a flyby of Jupiter and its moons. Technology created during our successful launches will help to advance scientific studies in the future.

Q.2. Is Tianwen-1 a spacecraft or a spaceship from Tianwen-1 China Mars Mission?

Tianwen-1 (China Mars Mission) is a spacecraft from Tianwen-1 China Mars Mission that arrived in Mars's orbit. The landing platform stretched a ramp once on Mars, enabling the Zhurong rover to glide gently onto the surface, much like China's Chang'e Moon rovers do.

Q.3. What happened to the Tianwen-1 China Mars Mission spacecraft?

On Tuesday, a Chinese National Space Administration (CNSA) lander from the Tianwen-1 China Mars Mission spacecraft, which has been in orbit since February, landed on Utopia Planitia, a huge plain in Mars' northern hemisphere.

Q.4. Is Tianwen-1 China Mars Mission a success story?

On a quest to land a rover and gather data on subsurface water and probable clues of ancient life, a Chinese spacecraft has joined Mars' orbit. After an almost seven-month journey from Earth, China's spacecraft Tianwen-1 (China Mars Mission) successfully arrived in orbit around Mars.

Q.5. What is Tianwen-1 China Mars Mission's function?

Tianwen-1 is China's first Mars mission, with the goal of circling, landing, and wandering all in one mission. The term is derived from the title of a song written by Qu Yuan (about 340–278 BC), one of ancient China's best poets.