Samudra Shakti Exercise

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 4, 2022, 5:21

The Samudra Shakti Exercise came into existence in 2018, and it is a bilateral exercise between India and Indonesia. The exercise was conceived under India's Act East Policy. The primary purpose of the Samudra Shakti Exercise is to strengthen the relationship between the two countries and enhance any mutual understanding and cooperation between the two nations and their navies and improve the maritime operations subsequently.

What is the Samudra Shakti Exercise?

The Samudra Shakti Exercise is a two-day naval exercise that will involve the navies of India and Indonesia. The Samudra Shakti Exercise will be held near the Sundra Strait. The exercise came into existence in 2018 and will continue to be taken up to strengthen the relationship between the two countries.

Samudra Shakti Exercise - India's Participation

  • The Indian Navy ships Shivalik and Kadmatt are among the most recently designed and built multi-role Guided Missile Stealth Frigates and Anti-Submarine Corvettes.
  • The Indian Navy's Long Range Maritime Reconnaissance Aircraft P8I, which is capable of anti-submarine warfare, also participates in the exercise.

Samudra Shakti Exercise Objective

The objective of the Samudra Shakti Exercise is quite simple to understand:

  • Both India and Indonesia want to strengthen the bilateral relationships between the two countries
  • These countries also want to build a mutual relationship by enhancing the mutual understanding between the two nations
  • The Samudra Shakti Exercise also aims at increasing the maritime cooperation between both of the country's navies as both operate in the Indo-Pacific region.

Inclusions of the Samudra Shakti Exercise

The Samudra Shakti Exercise of the two countries' navies will be strenuous. The exercise will include several complex maritime operations. The navies will be involved in several air-defence series, tactical manoeuvres, cross deck landings and other related operations that are a part of the regular navy operations.

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About the Sundra Strait

The Sundra Strait is the location where the Samudra Shakti Exercise takes place. This makes the strait quite relevant. A strait is a waterway that acts as a connection between two large water bodies. In some cases, a strait is just a waterway between two blocks of land. The Sundra Strait holds importance in the case of the Samudra Shakti Exercise because:

  • It connects the Pacific Ocean's Java Sea with the Indian Ocean (south)
  • Sunda Strait is a 26 - 110 km wide channel that connects the Indonesian islands of Java and Sumatra
  • The Sunda Strait is a vital link between the Indian Ocean and eastern Asia
  • Because of the shallowness, very high tidal currents, sandbanks, and artificial impediments such as oil platforms off the coast of Java, it is notoriously tricky to navigate.

The Samudra Shakti Exercise has a lot of significance as with this exercise, India is getting closer to Indonesia, and the countries are building a mutual understanding. Also, with this exercise, the navies of both countries are getting into extensive training, making them more self-reliant. The Samudra Shakti Exercise is quite important from the prelim's perspective.

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FAQs on Samudra Shakti Exercise

Q.1. In which year did the Samudra Shakti Exercise come into existence?

The Samudra Shakti Exercise came into existence in 2018.

Q.2. Where does the Samudra Shakti Exercise take place?

The Samudra Shakti Exercise takes place near the Sundra Strait.

Q.3. Under which act was the Samudra Shakti Exercise conceived?

The Samudra Shakti Exercise was conceived under India's Act East Policy.

Q.4. For how many days was the Samudra Shakti Exercise continued?

The Samudra Shakti Exercise takes place for two consecutive days.

Q.5. Of which countries are the Samudra Shakti Exercise is a naval exercise?

India and Indonesia are the two countries that will participate in the Samudra Shakti Exercise.