Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia [FARC]

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Mar 2, 2023, 17:06

The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) are a guerrilla organisation that adheres to Marxist-Leninist communist ideology. This organisation is dedicated to protecting poor people's rights and interests while conducting direct conflicts against the government.

The FARC continues to operate throughout the country's major areas. Mexico, Paraguay, and Bolivia have all joined the initiative. Aggressions by FARC are also reported on a frequent basis in Peru and Brazil.

History of FARC

The communist army dedicated to the poor, which is FARC's primary feature, keeps fighting to reduce discrimination against the poor across the country.

It was established in 1964 to declare war against the government and to reform society, removing the rich and poor barrier.

FARC - Major Areas of Operation

From the beginning, this guerrilla organisation has spread its network across different Latin American countries, including Venezuela, Panama, and Ecuador, besides Colombia.

Objective of FARC

The principal founders of FARC were poor farmers and land labourers who teamed together to combat Colombia's egregious wealth disparity.

So, the main objective of FARC is to eliminate societal and wealth disparity in the country. While the FARC has some urban sub-organizations, it has always been primarily a rural rebel movement.

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The Ceasefire and Disarmament Agreement

The Colombian government and the Marxist FARC (Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia) guerrillas agreed to sign a historic ceasefire and disarmament pact, considering it one of the final stages in putting an end to a half-century conflict. Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos, FARC leader Timoleon Jimenez and UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon were present while the pact was being signed.

The ceasefire and disarmament agreements implemented a bilateral ceasefire, a cessation of hostilities, and the complete surrender of weaponry. This pact required the FARC rebels to hand over their arms and weapons to UN monitors within six months of signing the accord. This agreement was officially signed in the year 2016.

However, acts of violence and conflicts have evolved in Colombia without putting an end to the conflict. The Colombia 2021 data specifies that armed groups' violations are still taking place. Life-threatening massacres, including assassinations and mass, forced displacement, and killings by the armed forces have increased in many isolated parts of Colombia.

It has been reported in recent times that it has shifted from its goal to what FARC is fighting for. FARC has also allegedly started an illegal drug trade and kidnappings, and also promoted extortion activities.

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FAQs on Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia [FARC]

Q1. What is FARC's full form?

The full form of the FARC is the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia.

Q2. What is the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia [FARC] aiming for?

The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia [FARC] is a guerrilla movement aiming to ensure the safety of poor people in Colombia. They practise the ideology of communism and serve the poor people to keep them safe from government acts of violence. However, Colombia's government professes to be fighting for peace and solidity, as well as safeguarding nationals' freedom, rights, and interests.

Q3. What is the FARC's ideology?

The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or the FARC-EP, is a Colombia-based organisation that believes in the ideology of Marxist-Leninist communism. They drive a revolutionary guerrilla movement in Colombia that contributes to the Colombian armed conflict.

Q4. What is FARC's major area of operations?

The FARC carries on its operational movements in major regions of Columbia. The movement has spread its arms through Mexico, Paraguay, and Bolivia. Frequent attacks are also reported from the areas of Peru and Brazil.