National Constitution Day: History, Significance, Importance

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Mar 2, 2022, 8:34

It took around three years for the constitution-makers to draft the Constitution of India. The Constituent Assembly finally adopted the new Constitution of India on 26th November 1949. National Constitution Day is celebrated on 26th November every year to observe and honour the Indian Constitution's adoption, which came into effect on 26th November 1950. The day is also known as the National Law Day or Samvidhan Divas (in Hindi).

Constitution Day India History

National Constitution Day has been observed in India from 26th November 2015. This is after the Government of India announced this date as the Constitution Day through a Gazette notification on 19th November 2015. The primary objective of Constitution Day is to promote the values of the Indian Constitution among Indian citizens.

The decision to celebrate the National Constitution Day on 26th November every year was first announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 11th October 2015 at the foundation stone laying ceremony of Dr B.R. Ambedkars Statue of Equality Memorial in Mumbai. Dr Ambedkar was the Chairman of the Constituent Assembly Drafting Committee. He played a prime role in the Constitutions drafting. Hence, Constitution Day is celebrated on 16th November to let people know the ideas and thoughts of the visionary leader, Dr B.R. Ambedkar.

National Constitution of India

The responsibility of framing the Constitution of India was entrusted to the Constituent Assembly. The Constituent Assembly was formed in 1946 under the Cabinet Mission Plan. The Assembly's first meeting was held on 9th December 1946, in which Dr Sachhidanand Sinha was elected as the Assembly's Provisional President. And, on 11th December 1946, Dr Rajendra Prasad was elected as the Assembly's permanent Chairman. There were thirteen (13) committees in total for preparing the Constitution of India, and Dr B.R. Ambedkar was made the Chairman of the Drafting Committee. After the committees submitted their reports, a special seven-member Drafting Committee designed the basic draft of the Constitution.

The Indian Constitution is the world's lengthiest and longest written Constitution with 395 Articles, 22 Parts, and 12 Schedules. The Indian Constitution is also unique because it was not printed or typeset but was calligraphic and handwritten in Hindi and English. The Indian Constitutions' original copies are well-preserved in helium-filed cases in the Parliament of Indias Library. There are 22 pieces of artwork and illustrations designed by Acharya Nandalal Bose.

How is Constitution Day Celebrated in India?

Although Constitution Day is an important date in India, the Central Government hasn't declared it a public holiday. Various government departments across India observe this day through myriad events. For instance, many school students across the country read the Preamble. They also participate in various online and offline quiz programs and essay competitions on the topic Indian Constitution.

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FAQ on National Constitution Day

Q.1) When is National Constitution Day celebrated in India?

National Constitution Day is celebrated on 26th November in India.

Q.2) Why is National Constitution Day observed in India?

National Constitution Day is celebrated to observe and honour the Indian Constitution's adoption, which came into effect on 26th November 1950.

Q.3) What is unique about the Indian Constitution?

The Indian Constitution is the world's longest written constitution with 395 Articles, 22 Parts, and 12 Schedules. The Indian Constitution is also unique because it was not printed or typeset but was calligraphic and handwritten in Hindi and English.