Global Peace Index: Know Factors Considered World Peace Index

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Feb 22, 2023, 12:20

The Global Peace Index or GPI is an indicator that measures the peacefulness of different nations. This report is prepared by the Institute of Economics and Peace.

There has been a marked decline in the peacefulness and rise of violence globally ever since the launch of the index in May 2009. The index reveals the relative peacefulness of nations and regions. The GPI comprises 172 nations that cover almost the entire global population and assigns a rank based on their peacefulness.

Factors Considered in the Global Peace Index

The following factors are considered when tabulating the Global Peace Index:

  • Internal Conflicts:

The duration and frequency of internal conflicts as measured by the UCDP or Uppsala Conflict Data Program are taken into account for the Global Peace Index 2021. 

  • External Organized Conflict:

Data for this parameter is taken from the UCDP Armed Conflict Dataset for deaths on account of external organized conflict.

  • Internal Organized Conflict:

Data is taken from the International Institute for Strategic Studies for deaths due to internal organized conflicts. 

  • Battle-Related Deaths:

This parameter covers the number of deaths and the nation's involvement in external conflicts.

  • Organized Internal Conflict Intensity:

The intensity of internal conflict is ranked on a scale of 1 to 5, with 5 being the highest intensity. 

  • Relationship Shared With Neighboring Countries: 

The ranking here is based on the relationship with neighbouring countries, with 5 signifying excellent relations.

  • Terrorism:

The Global Terrorism Index measures the effect of terrorism, with 5 being the worst. 

  • Homicides:

The number of homicides for every 100,000 citizens is measured by Criminal Justice Systems.

  • Military Expenditure:

The budget for military expenditure as a percentage of GDP (or gross domestic product), with a rank of 5 denoting poor peace conditions. 

  • Access to Arms:

This parameter is measured on a scale of 1 to 5, with 1 indicating low access and 5 indicating easy access. 

  • Violent Demonstrations:

The likelihood of such events is measured on a scale of 1 to 5 and is used to rank peacefulness. 

What is India's Rank in the Global Peace Index 2021?

The world peace index 2021 India rank was 135 out of a total of 163 nations with a GPI of 2.553. India's low rank indicates that the Institute of Economics and Peace does not consider it to be a peaceful nation. 

The reasons for this include the rising tension between the different ethnic, political, and religious groups, and the amendment to the Citizenship Act in 2019. Moreover, India has seen a 3% rise in incarceration and a 9.9% rise in deaths due to internal conflicts.

The highest rank India achieved was 123, and this was in 2008. 

The highest-ranked nations as per the Global Peace Index 2021 (the most peaceful) are as under: 

  • Iceland: GPI score 1.1
  • New Zealand: GPI score 1.253
  • Denmark: 1.256
  • Portugal: 1.267
  • Slovenia: 1.315

The lowest-ranked nations as per the Global Peace Index 2021 (the least peaceful) are as under:

  • Iraq: 3.257
  • South Sudan: 3.363
  • Syria: 3.371
  • Yemen: 3.407
  • Afghanistan: 3.631

In South Asia, the leaders are Bhutan and Nepal.

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FAQs About Global Peace Index

What is the Global Peace Index?

The Global Peace Index is a list that ranks all the nations in the world based on the peacefulness in that country. 

When was the Global Peace Index launched?

The Global Peace Index was launched in May 2009.

What is India's rank in the Global Peace Index 2021?

India ranks 135 out of 163 on the Global Peace Index.

What is the highest rank India achieved on the Global Peace Index?

India's highest rank on the Global Peace Index was 123 in the year 2008.