Environment Performance Index [EPI]

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 20, 2022, 8:41

Environment Performance Index [EPI] is a data-based comprehensive sustainability level calculator. The EPI ranks 180 countries across the globe on environmental health and ecosystem endurance. It calculates the two outcomes based on thirty-two parameters across eleven categories.

These metrics show how near the countries are to meeting the stated environment policy goals nationally. The EPI provides a scorecard that identifies environment leaders and slowcoaches and gives practical advice to countries seeking to move towards a more sustainable future.

Environment Performance Index [EPI] History

The environment Sustainability Index (ESI), issued between 1999 and 2005, was the predecessor to the Environment Performance Index (EPI). Both indexes were created in partnership with the World Economic Forum and the European Commission's Joint Research Centre by Yale University (Yale Centre for environment Law and Policy) and Columbia University (Centre for International Earth Science Information Network).

The McCall MacBain Foundation funds the research on the index. This index was first published in 2002 to supplement the environmental targets outlined in the United Nations Millennium Development Goals.

How is the Environment Performance Index Useful?

Environment Performance Index indices can be used to identify issues, create goals, follow trends, comprehend outcomes, and identify effective policy methods. Good data and fact-based research can also assist government officials in refining their policy goals, improving communications with critical stakeholders, and maximizing the return on environmental spending. The EPI is a potent policy tool for achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals and moving society toward a more sustainable future.

Indicators on the Environment Performance Index [EPI]

The Environment Performance Index consists of but may not be limited to the following indicators:

  • environment Risk Exposure
  • Air quality
  • Average Exposure to PM2.5
  • Air pollution
  • Water and sanitation Unsafe Sanitation
  • Drinking-Water Quality
  • Ecosystem vitality
  • Water resources
  • Wastewater treatment
  • Investment,
  • Green innovation
  • National leadership around climate change.

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India's position on the Environment Performance Index [EPI]

As per the last report on the Environment Performance Index published in 2020, India secured a rank a shocking 168th rank out of 180 countries. Here are key highlights of India's performance:

  • In the 2020 Environment Performance Index, India received a score of 27.6 out of 100, lower than all other South Asian countries besides Afghanistan.
  • On all five crucial indices of environmental health, including air quality, sanitation and drinking water, heavy metals, and waste management, India rated below the regional (South-Asian) average score.
  • These findings echoed the worries expressed in the Centre for Science and Environment's report, "State of India's Environment 2020 in Figures."
  • It also ranked lower than the area average regarding biodiversity and environmental services.
  • India was ranked second after Pakistan in terms of 'climate change.'
  • Pakistan received the highest score (50.6) in the climate change category.
  • According to a ten-year comparison progress report in the index, India has dropped drastically in climate-related factors due to increased black carbon, carbon dioxide emissions, and greenhouse emissions per capita.
  • The 11 countries lagging behind India were - Burundi, Haiti, Chad, Solomon Islands, Madagascar, Guinea, Cote d'Ivoire, Sierra Leone, Afghanistan, Myanmar and Liberia.
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Environment Performance Index [EPI] - Developing Countries

Developing countries have fared far better in balancing environmental protection, industrialization, and civilizations, as shown on the Environment Performance Index. For example, Denmark came first, followed by Luxembourg and Switzerland. The United Kingdom ranked fourth.

However, The US is far behind other industrialized nations on environmental performance and now ranks 24th globally. For India, the government must engage in a broad range of sustainability challenges, with a strong focus on key issues, including air and water quality, biodiversity, and climate change. On all fronts, India has to intensify its national sustainability efforts.

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FAQs on Environment Performance Index [EPI]

Q.1. How many categories and parameters do the Environment Protection Index take into account?

The Environment Protection Index takes into account 32 parameters spread across 11 categories.

Q.2. The Environment Protection Index is co-developed by which of the institutions?

Environment Performance Index [EPI] was created in partnership with the World Economic Forum and the European Commission's Joint Research Centre by Yale University (Yale Centre for environment Law and Policy) and Columbia University (Centre for International Earth Science Information Network).

Q.3. When was the index first published, and what is the predecessor of the Environment Performance Index?

The index was first published in 2002. The Environment Performance Index [EPI] predecessor was the environment Sustainability Index (ESI).

Q.4. What was India's rank and score on the 2020 Environment Protection Index?

India's rank on the Environment Protection Index was 168 out of 180 countries, with 27.6.

Q.5. Which country topped the Environment Performance Index [EPI]?

Denmark has topped the Environment Performance Index [EPI].

Q.6. In the Content of Environment Performance Index [EPI], On what parameters did India score below the average rate of the South Asian region?

India ranked lower than the area average on biodiversity and environmental services.