Atomic Energy, also known as Nuclear Energy, has several applications in industry, such as hydrogen production, seawater desalination, district cooling or heating, coal to liquid conversion, and other purposes. The primary objective of the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board [AERB] is to make sure that nuclear energy and ionising radiation do not pose any serious risk to people's health and the environment.
Read on to learn about the functions and necessity of AERB in India.
What is the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board [AERB]?
The Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB) was set up on 15th November 1983 under the Atomic Energy Act 1962 by the President of India. The Board's primary function is to carry out the safety and regulatory functions mentioned under Sections 16, 17, and 23 of the Act.
The Board also ensures that Atomic energy and Radiation technologies are utilised following international benchmarks and well-established requirements. The headquarters of the AERB is located in Anushaktinagar, Mumbai.
The Atomic Energy Regulatory Board has established a well-laid-out regulatory framework to check whether facility owners are following the rules laid down by the Act or not. The purview of the Board is limited to organisations engaged in the establishment and operation of nuclear and radiation facilities. It also monitors organisations involved in the transportation of nuclear and radioactive materials. It can also take penal actions against any facility contravening or violating the Atomic Energy Act's provisions.
Atomic Energy Regulatory Board [AERB] - Use of Atomic Energy
In line with the Atomic Energy Act 1962, the government of India has also enacted the following laws to govern the activities of organisations engaged in the use of Atomic energy -
- Atomic Energy (Radiation Protection) Rules, 2004
- Atomic Energy (Working of the Mines Minerals and Handling of the Prescribed Substances) Rules, 1984
- Atomic Energy (Safe Disposal of Radioactive Wastes) Rules, 1987
- Atomic Energy (Factories) Rules, 1996
- Atomic Energy (Radiation Processing of Food and Allied Products) Rules, 2012
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Functions of the Atomic Energy Radiation Board
Here are the top functions of the Atomic Energy Radiation Boards:
- Design safety policies in the areas of radiation, nuclear, and industrial safety
- Design Guides, Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs), and Safety Codes for the construction, design, commissioning, operation, and decommissioning of various radiation and nuclear facilities.
- Approve and grant consent to new or existing nuclear and radiation facilities regarding their commissioning, construction, operation or decommissioning
- Publish the acceptable radiation exposure limits for occupational workers and the general public. The Board also publishes the acceptable limits of a radioactive release in the environment.
- Evaluate the emergency preparedness plans of nuclear and radiation facilities engaged in the transportation of irradiated fuels, fissile materials, and radioactive sources.
- Prescribe the qualification, licensing policies, and syllabi of training programs for nuclear and radiation facility personnel
- Inform the public about the significance of radiological safety
- Coordinate with statutory bodies of India and abroad to ensure the safety protocols are properly met
- Aid research and development in safety matters
- Follow the rules laid in the Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Act 2010 to notify the public about any nuclear incident in India's nuclear installations.
Board Members of the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board
Here are the board members of the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board:
- Shri G. Nageswara Rao, Chairman
- Shri C. S. Varghese, Ex-Officio Member
- Dr Harsh K. Gupta, Member
- Dr G. K. Rath, Member
- Prof. Devang V. Khakhar, Member
- Prof. (Mrs.) M. Lakshmi Kantam, Member
- Dr A. U. Sonawane, Secretary to the Board
The Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB) has played an instrumental role in promoting radiological and nuclear safety in India. The Board keeps a close watch on organisations engaged in nuclear and radiation activities in the country and prescribes training programs.
FAQs on Atomic Energy Regulatory Board [AERB]
Q1) What is the role of the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board [AERB]?
The Atomic Energy Regulatory Board [AERB] has established a well-laid-out regulatory framework to check whether nuclear and radiation facility owners are following the rules laid down by the Act or not.
Q2) Is the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board a statutory body?
Yes. The Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB) was set up on 15th November 1983 under the Atomic Energy Act 1962 by the President of India.
Q3) Who is the chairman of the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board?
The Chairman of the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board is Shri G. Nageswara Rao.
Q4) Where is the headquarters of the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board?
The Atomic Energy Regulatory Board headquarters is located in Anushaktinagar, Mumbai.