The Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan has been popular in the news as the Taliban completed their attempts to take over Afghanistan completely with the capture of Kabul on the 15th of August 2021. As the world watched in dismay and disbelief, Afghanistan finally became the den of the Taliban's, fulfilling their efforts for 20 years.
Crisis of Afghanistan - Involvement of the US ended with the signing of the Peace Treaty
US engagement in the Crisis in Afghanistan resulted from the 9/11 terrorist attack that left almost 3000 people killed. Al-Qaeda led the nerve-wracking terrorist attack under the leadership of Osama Bin Laden. The US demanded the handover of Osama Bin Laden, who took shelter in Afghanistan. The refusal of the then in power Taliban to abide by the US demand resulted in subsequent US military intervention in 2001.
With the killing of Osama Bin Laden in Pakistan in May 2011 and rising protests in the US with continuing military engagement in Afghanistan, the US finally declared that it would withdraw its forces completely. In February 2020, US-Taliban signed a peace agreement that set the timeline for withdrawing US troops from Afghanistan. The last US armed forces left the land of Afghanistan in August 2021 following the Biden government's decision to end military involvement in the country, leaving the future to be decided by the Taliban.
Crisis in Afghanistan - Current Scenario
With IEA taking control of Afghanistan, most international donors suspended non-humanitarian funding and freezing of billion dollars worth of assets. With no funding, the health system in the country is in a compromised condition coupled with other challenges of ongoing drought and hunger crisis and the fourth wave of COVID-19.
The economy faces an ongoing collapse that will likely worsen the humanitarian crisis further. People are running out of money while the prices of even basic like food and medicine are at their highest. According to United Nations prediction, Afghanistan is on the verge of universal poverty, by mid of 2022, with 97% of the population impoverished.
Afghanistan's health service was dependent on World-bank managed program. Now over 90% of the country's health centres have shut down, exposing the high medical uncertainties for the civilians.
Food insecurity was already high by late 2021, and this is likely to deepen in 2022, giving rise to famine-like conditions. And hunger will lead to further displacement.
And the Taliban government has rolled back women's rights, reversing all the rights and freedom they had gained in the post-2001 reconstruction effort. There is also a heavy restriction on media, with almost 70% of media offices shut down. Killing and assassination of civilians and government officials were seen during the following two weeks of power handover, with the Afghan government trying to fight against the Taliban takeover.
Its ever-increasing number of internally-displaced people has further added to the misery. Afghanistan's economy requires international aid and compassionate actions to at least begin the healing process.
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Crisis in Afghanistan - Global Concern
Finally, it can be said that with Taliban rule returning to Afghanistan, thousands of lives are exposed to an uncertain and sceptical future in the country. As Ingy Sedky, a communication manager at the International Committee of the Red Cross in Afghanistan has asserted, It is becoming a vicious circle we are witnessing right now in Afghanistan,
What is happening in Afghanistan is a matter of global concern, and the other countries cannot stay unaffected. How the Taliban will govern the country, what will be the future for women's children, and what will be the state of human rights and political freedom under their oppression are the burning issues.
FAQs on Crisis in Afghanistan
Q.1 What is the level of Crisis in Afghanistan?
Ans. The dire Crisis in Afghanistan following the establishment of Taliban rule is a deepening global concern and calls for aid and support from every possible corner; otherwise, the situation will become unrecoverable. With 244.4 million of 41.7 million in need of humanitarian aid, the intensity of the crisis-hit Afghanistan is understandable.
Q.2. When did the Taliban takeover of Kabul create the Crisis in Afghanistan?
Ans. Taliban took over Kabul on the 15th of August 2021 creating the Crisis in Afghanistan.
Q.3. How did the signing of the peace treaty lead to Crisis in Afghanistan?
Ans. Following a deal between US Government led by President Biden and the Taliban, US military forces withdrew completely from Afghanistan, stationed there since 2001. And this led to the complete takeover of Afghanistan by the terrorist organisation Taliban.
Q.4. Why did the US get involved in the Crisis in Afghanistan?
Ans. The 9/11 attack in New York marked the beginning of the USA's involvement in the Crisis of Afghanistan. Its search for Osama Bin Laden resulted in military activities against the Taliban in the country.