CMS-01 is a communication satellite designed and developed in India by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). It was launched into the Geostationary Transfer Orbit on a launch vehicle PSLV-C50 on December 17, 2020. CMS-01 was formerly known by the name GSAT-12R and is designed to replace the aged satellite GSAT-12.
The launch of CMS-01 in December 2020 marked ISRO’s 42nd successful satellite launch. In this article, we have shared further information about the launch of CMS-01, its history, purpose, and all other details.
About CMS-01 Satellite
CMS-01 is the 42nd satellite launched by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). Launched in December 2020, the CMS-01 satellite is intended to serve applications in the extended C-Band of the frequency spectrum.
- The C-Band covers frequencies in the range of 4GHz to 8GHz typically utilized for WiFi, communication transmission, surveillance, and weather radar systems.
- The approved cost of CMS-01 is 200 crore INR.
- The planned duration of the communication mission for this satellite is more than seven years.
CMS-01 Satellite Specifications
ISRO has successfully placed India’s 42nd communication satellite, CMS-01, into the transfer orbit. Here, we have shared the details about the specifications of this communication satellite.
- CMS-01 has a weight of 1410 kgs.
- This satellite will substitute the functions of GSAT-12, which was launched back in 2011 to cater to services such as telemedicine, tele-education, disaster management support, and satellite internet access.
- CMS-01 satellite has a mission life span of seven years, and its coverage includes the Indian mainland, Lakshadweep Islands, and the Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
CMS-01: Launch Details
The CMS-01 satellite was launched from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Andhra Pradesh. The CMS-01 was precisely injected into the predefined geosynchronous transfer orbit and will be eventually positioned into the assigned slot in the geosynchronous orbit.
- Earlier in November 2020, ISRO had also launched the EOS-01, the Earth Observation Satellite, along with nine other satellites.
- A geosynchronous orbit enables satellites to match the rotation of the Earth.
- CMS-01 is located 22,236 miles above the Equator and stands as an important point for surveillance, weather monitoring, and communication.
- A spacecraft is launched into an elliptical orbit to attain a geosynchronous orbit which is called the geosynchronous transfer orbit.
What After CMS-01?
After the CMS-01 was successfully launched into space on December 17, 2020, ISRO’s next mission is to launch the PSLV-C51. Here are some details about the upcoming mission.
- The upcoming ISRO satellite will be the first satellite of India under the new space reforms program.
- The first satellite to be launched on this vehicle will be ‘Anand’ from a startup named Pixxel India.
- It is an Earth observation satellite to be launched along with two more satellites from UnitySat and Space Kidz.
The CMS-01 represents the technical capabilities and the long line of success ISRO has had since its inception over five decades ago. Over this time, ISRO has added plenty of value to a growing Indian economy, giving it self-sufficiency in the communications space. CMS-01 is an innovation that fills every Indian’s heart with pride and motivates them to contribute in space research and development.
With the substantial capabilities and intellectual capital built by the organization over the years, the CMS-01 is part of a string of future launches to further enhance communications and connectivity across the country.
FAQs on CMS-01 Satellite
Q1. What is CMS-01?
CMS-01 is a communication satellite that was launched by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) on December 17, 2020. CMS-01 satellite will enable services such as satellite internet access, telemedicine, disaster management support, etc.
Q2. When was CMS-01 launched?
The CMS-01 satellite was launched by the Indian Space Research Organization on December 17, 2020. This satellite marked the 42nd satellite launch by ISRO in space. CMS-01 is intended to improve connectivity and communication throughout the Indian mainland, Lakshadweep and Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
Q3. What is the purpose of CMS-01?
CMS-01 satellite was launched with the purpose of replacing the ageing GSAT-12 satellite. Earlier, CMS-01 was known as GSAT-12R. This satellite will offer services like satellite internet access, telemedicine, disaster management support, tele-education, etc.
Q4. CMS-01 was launched by which organization?
The CMS-01 satellite was launched by the Indian Space Research Organization. This satellite replaced the GSAT-12 satellite on December 17, 2020. The launch of CMS-01 marked ISRO’s 42nd successful satellite launch in space.
Q5. What type of satellite is CMS-01?
CMS-01 is a communication satellite developed by the ISRO to replace the ageing GSAT-12 at 83.0⁰E. This satellite provides services in the Extended-C Band of the frequency spectrum. The coverage of CMS-01 will include the Indian mainland, Lakshadweep Islands and Andaman-Nicobar.
Q6. What was the first satellite launched by ISRO?
India’s first satellite was the Aryabhata Spacecraft, designed and made in India. It was sent to space in April 1975 from Kapustin Yar. It had a mission life of 17 years. One of the latest satellites launched by ISRO was the CMS-01, which was launched on December 17, 2020.
Q7. How many satellites ISRO has launched to date?
Since 1975, ISRO has launched 342 foreign satellites and 129 Indian-origin satellites. It has launched 21 communication satellites to date, 8 navigation satellites, and 21 for earth observation. The latest of these was CMS-01, which was launched on December 17, 2020.