Climate Smart Agriculture [CSA]

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Apr 26, 2022, 7:37

Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) (also called climate-resilient agriculture) is an overall landscape management strategy aimed at assisting agricultural systems, livestock, and crops in adapting to changing environmental conditions and, where feasible, mitigating them by lowering carbon dioxide emissions, even while taking into account consideration the world's growing population and ensuring food security.

As a result, the emphasis has shifted away from only sustainable farming and toward increasing agricultural productivity.

Climate Smart Agriculture - Overview

Climate Smart Agriculture has created a list of potential crop and plant responses to future issues. It suggests, among other things, heat-tolerant crop types, mulching, flood control, a shade house, boundary trees, and appropriate animal housing and spacing in response to rising temperature and heat stress.

Climate Smart Agriculture is increasingly being included in government policies, budgets, and planning frameworks. In order to be effective, Climate Smart Agriculture policies must be able to contribute to higher economic growth, sustainable development, and poverty reduction. They must also be linked to disaster risk management plans, actions, and safety net initiatives.

Climate Smart Agriculture Purposes

The three pillars of Climate Smart Agriculture are to:

  • Increase agriculture productivity
  • Adapt to and build resilience to climate change
  • Eliminate greenhouse emissions from agriculture.
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Climate Smart Agriculture Methods

Climate Smart Agriculture is a method that entails numerous aspects anchored in local contexts rather than a set of processes that can be used across the board. On and off actions, as well as techniques, legislation, institutions, and investment are all part of the Climate Smart Agricultureframework.

Climate Smart Agriculture systems comprise the following components-

  1. To combine near-term food security and livelihood demands with readiness and response priorities, agriculture, cattle, fisheries, and catch-and-release fisheries management will be used.
  2. For a plethora of purposes, including agricultural production, adaptation, and mitigation, ecosystem and landscape management are crucial.
  3. Farmer and/or land manager remedies, as well as mitigation techniques, to assist them in better coping with climate risks and repercussions are pivotal.

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Climate Smart Agriculture Actions

  • Increasing the evidence foundation
  • Enhancement of financial alternatives
  • Putting practices into action on the ground
  • Strengthening initiatives at both the local and national level

Importance of Climate Smart Agriculture

The bulk of the world's poor, who live in rural areas, rely on agriculture as their primary source of income. Climate Smart Agriculture intends to increase the production and profitability of smallholder crop, animal, fish, and forestry production systems in order to ensure global food security over the next two decades.

Climate change is projected to have the greatest impact on developing countries. Warmer temperatures, altered precipitation patterns, increasing sea levels, and more catastrophic weather patterns are just a few of the consequences.

As a result of all of these factors, agriculture, food, and especially water supplies are all at peril. As a result, resiliency has emerged as a major concern. Agriculture is a major source of greenhouse gas emissions. Mitigation is typically a significant co-benefit of efforts that increase adaptability and food security; thus, persistent mitigation is critical.

Climate Smart Agriculture addresses the interconnected challenges of food stability and sustainability. A holistic strategy for managing ecosystems comprising cereals, cattle, forests, and fisheries, is thus needed.

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FAQs on Climate Smart Agriculture

Q.1.What is Climate Smart Agriculture, and how does it work?

Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) is a holistic approach to managing landscapes, including crops, livestock, forests, and fisheries, to meet the interconnected concerns of food security and sustainability.

Q.2. What is a Climate Smart Agriculture example?

Some Climate Smart Agriculture examples are interventions in soil management, water shortages, and maize and dairy development.

Q.3. What exactly are the goals of Climate Smart Agriculture?

Climate Smart Agriculture attempts to achieve three key goals: boosting agricultural output and incomes in a sustainable manner, adapting to and creating resistance to climate change, and lowering and/or eliminating greenhouse gas emissions when practicable.

Q.4. How can Climate Smart Agriculture be promoted?

Climate Smart Agriculture can be promoted by the following methods: encouraging sustainable automation and conservation agriculture and diversifying your cropping system by using agroforestry, intercropping, or other diversification measures.

Q.5. What does Climate Smart Agriculture propose?

Climate Smart Agriculture proposes heat-tolerant crop varieties, mulching, water management, a shade house, boundary trees, and suitable livestock housing and spacing, among other things.