Scheduled Tribes in India, according to the 2011 census, make up 8.6 per cent of the total population. These are the tribal communities recognized by the constitution of India. Tribal groups are traditionally disadvantaged, so they are guaranteed some benefits and privileges to help them develop and come forward. The Central Government of India has, over the years, introduced different programs, given grants, and created provisions for the socio-economic development of tribal groups through Central Government Schemes For Scheduled Tribes.
Central Government Schemes For Scheduled Tribes - Government Initiatives
The Central Government Schemes For Scheduled Tribes aim for the social, educational, economic, health, and overall development of the scheduled tribes.
Let us discuss a few of these schemes -
Put in practice by the Ministry of Rural development, this scheme intends to improve the financial security of tribal families by giving them guaranteed employment of at least 100 days a year. Adult members of households can voluntarily participate in unskilled labour and receive wages under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA).
Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana -
This is another popular scheme introduced in 1999 with an aim to provide sustainable income to low-income families living in rural areas. This central government scheme covers different aspects of self-employment and intends to bring rural poor families under micro-enterprises.
Military Training -
Tribal students can take free military training at Bhonsala Military School in Nasik. It is a 3-4 week training organized in summers and winters for boys and girls.
National Overseas Scholarships For ST Students -
The program was introduced to help meritorious students pursue further studies abroad through PhD, Masters, and Post-Doctorate level research programs in engineering and technology. Launched in 1954, this scheme provides financial assistance to 15 students from ST families every year.
Upgradation of Merit -
This scheme intends to upgrade the merit of students from scheduled tribes by giving them access to special and remedial coaching through classes IX to XII. This program focuses on providing coaching for competitive exams to help them secure admissions in professional and vocational courses.
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Van Bandhu Kalyan Yojana -
This scheme is introduced for the welfare of the tribals, aimed at improving the quality of education and quality of life in tribal areas, protecting their heritage and culture, and creating sustainable, quality employment for tribal families.
These are some of the provisions and schemes under the Indian Government for the empowerment and development of scheduled tribes in the country.
Central Government Schemes For Scheduled Tribes only continue to increase, targeting various aspects to uplift and enhance the quality of life among tribals in India.
FAQs on Central Government Schemes For Scheduled Tribes
Q1. How many Scheduled Tribes exist in India?
The Scheduled Tribes exist in 30 states and union territories in the country, and there are 705 individual groups recognized as scheduled tribes. These groups are the target beneficiaries of the various Central Government Schemes For Scheduled Tribes.
Q2. What is TRIFED? How does it add to the efforts of various Central Government Schemes For Scheduled Tribes?
TRIFED stands for the Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India. It is a national body operating under the Ministry of Tribal Affairs and was established to bring about socio-economic development in scheduled tribes by promoting tribal products in the market.
Q3. In the context of Central Government Schemes For Scheduled Tribes, what is TRIFOLD?
TRIFED introduced this scheme for tribals in collaboration with the Ministry of Tribal Affairs. Under this scheme, a value addition centre will be established in Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh at the cost of about 11 crore rupees to benefit tribal communities.
Q4. Why does the Government allow special schemes for Scheduled Tribes In India?
Scheduled tribes in India have long been disadvantaged and marginalized, making it essential to provide targeted schemes and programs to uplift and improve their quality of life. This is being achieved through the introduction of various Central Government Schemes For Scheduled Tribes.