Abhinav Bharat Society: Founder, Organiser

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Jun 13, 2023, 11:06

Abhinav Bharat Society was famous as an Indian Independence secret community. Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was an activist, politician, lawyer, and writer founded the Abhinav Bharat Society.

Abhinav Bharat Society was a community of socialists who believed in an armed revolution to bring down the British authority and hence carried out a few assassinations of British officials. On this page, you will understand the अभिनव भारत, who organized the Abhinav Bharat, and many more such facts.

Creation of the Abhinav Bharat Society

Abhinav Bharat was organized by Vinayak Damodar Savarkar and his brother Ganesh Damodar Savarkar in 1904. Several hundred revolutionaries and political activists joined the society. After a few assassinations of British officials, the Savarkars were convicted and imprisoned.

Founded as "Mitra Mela" in Nashik while Vinayak Savarkar was still a student at Fergusson College in Pune, the (Young India Society) grew to include several hundred revolutionaries and political activists. It even had branches in various parts of India, eventually extending to London after Savarkar went to study law.

History of Abhinav Bharat Society

Mitra Mela, a revolutionary secret society in Nasik, was started by Vinayak Savarkar and Ganesh Savarkar in 1899. In a meeting attended by 200 members from various towns in Maharashtra, Swantraveer Vinayak Savarkar renamed it Abhinav Bharat in 1904.

  • Vinayak Savarkar compiled a volume called Mazzini Charitra in 1906, a translation of the Italian revolutionary Mazzini's writings with a 25-page introduction.
  • Savarkar fully embraced Mazzini's techniques of secret societies and guerilla warfare.
  • He wrote regular newsletters to his fellow citizens in India as well as carried out revolutionary propaganda while studying in London.

Vinayak Savarkar and the Abhinav Bharat Society

During the investigation into Collector Andrew Jackson's death, the legality of the Abhinav Bharat Society got revealed.

  • Vinayak Savarkar, who founded the revolutionary association named Abhinav Bharat, was known to sent handguns to India, used in the assassination of Collector Andrew Jackson.
  • The brothers were arrested and sentenced to life in "transportation" in the Andaman Islands' Cellular Jail.
  • Although there is some information that Savarkar made no apologies for his actions, he was released from jail after the court received four mercy petitions on his behalf.
  • There were protests against British officials' ill-treatment of prisoners on the Andaman Islands, after which the British officials decided to close the island's prison.
  • Prisoners who chose to live on the islands received preferential treatment.
  • These were denied to Savarkar, who intended to settle on the islands.
  • He was deported to mainland India and imprisoned for another three years until his sentence was complete.

Disbanding of the Abhinav Bharat Society

Although the Abhinav Bharat Society was disbanded in 1952, Savarkar had founded the Hindu Rashtra Dal ten years earlier before completing his term as president of the Hindu Mahasabha.

  • The Hindu Rashtra Dal's goal was to give Hindus military training so that they could defeat Muslims, Gandhi's followers, and the Mahatma himself.
  • This movement benefited from the efforts of the same institution.
  • There has also been much debate over whether Vinayak Savarkar's Abhinav Bharat Society should be considered revolutionary or radical in its approach.
  • From 1937 to 1943, Savarkar, the founder of the Abhinav Bharat Society, was the president of the Hindu Mahasabha.
  • He rose to prominence as a fiery orator who advocated using Hindi as a national language.
  • Savarkar stopped consuming food, water, and medicines in February 1966 and died on February 26, 1966.
  • In 2003, his portrait was unveiled in the Indian Parliament.

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Final Results of Abhinava Bharatha Yuvak Sangham

Savarkar's revolutionary idea led to the killing of Lt. Col. William Curzon-Wyllie, by Madanlal Dhingra on July 1, 1909, in the Imperial Institute in London.

  • Dhingra was arrested and put in jail.
  • A. M. T. Jackson, the district magistrate of Nasik, was murdered in India by Anant Laxman Kanhare during the historic "Nasik Conspiracy Case" in 1909.
  • The investigation indicated the Abhinav Bharat Society's existence and the Savarkar brothers' participation in controlling it.
  • Savarkar sent off twenty Browning pistols to India, was charged with the Jackson assassination, and punished to "transportation" for life.

FAQs on Abhinav Bharat Society

Q.1. Was Sardar Udham Singh a part of the Abhinav Bharat Society?

Abhinav Bharat Society never touched the life of Udham Singh. Instead, he became involved in radical politics after being profoundly influenced by Bhagat Singh and his insurgent organization.

Q.2. What is the Abhinav Bharat Society, and who organized the Abhinav Bharat?

In 1904, Vinayak Damodar Savarkar and his brother Ganesh Damodar Savarkar established a secret society called the Abhinav Bharat Society.

Q.3. In which year was Mitra Mela converted to Abhinav Bharat Society?

Vinayak Damodar Savarkar founded the Mitra Mela, a secret organization of revolutionaries, in Nashik in 1899. In 1904, it was renamed Abhinav Bharat Society.

Q.4. What is the Nashik Conspiracy Case in connection with the Abhinav Bharat Society?

On December 21, 1909, Anant Laxman Kanhere (a member of the Abhinav Bharat Society) shot Nashik Collector A M T Jackson in the Nashik Theatre. The Nashik Conspiracy Case is the name given to this sensational murder.

Q.5. Who was the founder of Abhinav Bharat in London?

Vinayak Damodar Savarkar founded the Abhinav Bharat Society in London to unite individuals, particularly Indians abroad, with the cause of Indian independence in 1904 with his brother.

Q.6. Who started Mitra Mela?

Mitra Mela, another name for Abhinav Bharat Society, was initiated by Vinayak Damodar Savarkar at Nashik in 1899. It was later renamed Abhinav Bharat Society in 1904.

Q.7. What is the meaning of the Abhinav Bharat Society in Hindi?

मित्र मेला, क्रांतिकारियों के एक गुप्त संगठन की स्थापना विनायक दामोदर सावरकर और उनके भाई गणेश दामोदर सावरकर ने की थी। बाद में, 1904 में इसका नाम बदलकर अभिनव भारत सोसाइटी कर दिया गया।

Q.8. What were the objectives of the Abhinav Bharat Society?

The Abhinav Bharat Society had two fundamental objectives, which are listed below:

  • To build public opinion in support of the Indian nationalist revolution.
  • To collect money, details, and supplies to carry out a revolt.

Q.9. Where was Abhinav Bharat Society located?

Abhinav Bharat is a Hindu organization founded in Pune state, India, with a significant ground in Madhya Pradesh. The organization is believed to be a renewed form of the pre-Independence era Abhinav Bharat Society.