Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was an Indian independence activist, politician, lawyer, and writer. He founded the Abhinav Bharat Society.
Creation of the Abhinav Bharat Society
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar and his brother Ganesh Damodar Savarkar founded the Abhinav Bharat Society (Young India Society) in 1904.
Several hundred revolutionaries and political activists joined the society. After a few assassinations of British officials, the Savarkar's were convicted and imprisoned.
Founded as "Mitra Mela" in Nashik while Vinayak Savarkar was still a student at Fergusson College in Pune, the society grew to include several hundred revolutionaries and political activists with branches in various parts of India, eventually extending to London after Savarkar went to study law.
Vinayak Savarkar and the Abhinav Bharat Society
During the investigation into Collector Andrew Jackson's death, the legitimacy of the Abhinav Bharat Society was revealed. Vinayak Savarkar was discovered to have sent twenty Browning handguns to India, one of which was used in the assassination of Collector Andrew Jackson. The brothers were arrested and sentenced to life in "transportation" in the Andaman Islands' Cellular Jail.
Although there is some information that Savarkar made no apologies for his actions, he was released from jail after the court received four mercy petitions on his behalf. There were protests against the ill-treatment of prisoners on the Andaman Islands, by British officials, following which the British officials decided to close the island's prison.
Prisoners who chose to live on the islands received preferential treatment. These, however, were denied to Savarkar, and he intended to settle on the islands. He was deported to mainland India and imprisoned for another three years until his sentence was complete.
Disbanding of the Abhinav Bharat Society
Although the Abhinav Bharat Society was disbanded in 1952, Savarkar had founded the Hindu Rashtra Dal ten years earlier before completing his term as president of the Hindu Mahasabha. The Hindu Rashtra Dal's goal was to give Hindus military training so that they could defeat Muslims, Gandhi's followers, and the Mahatma himself. This movement benefited from the efforts of the same institution.
There has also been much debate over whether Vinayak Savarkar's Abhinav Bharat Society should be considered revolutionary or radical in its approach.
From 1937 to 1943, Savarkar, the founder of the Abhinav Bharat Society, was the president of the Hindu Mahasabha. He rose to prominence as a fiery orator who advocated for the use of Hindi as a national language. Savarkar stopped consuming food, water, and medicines in February 1966 and died on February 26, 1966. In 2003, his portrait was unveiled in the Indian Parliament.
FAQs on Abhinav Bharat Society
Q.1. Was Sardar Udham Singh a part of the Abhinav Bharat Society?
Udham Singh's life was never touched by the Abhinav Bharat Society. Instead, Udham Singh became involved in radical politics after being profoundly influenced by Bhagat Singh and his insurgent organization.
Q.2. What is the Abhinav Bharat Society?
In 1904, Vinayak Damodar Savarkar and his brother Ganesh Damodar Savarkar established a secret society called the Abhinav Bharat Society.
Q.3. In which year was Mitra Mela converted to Abhinav Bharat Society?
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar founded the Mitra Mela, a secret organization of revolutionaries, in Nashik in 1899. In 1904, it was renamed Abhinav Bharat Society.
Q.4. What is the Nashik Conspiracy Case in connection with the Abhinav Bharat Society?
On December 21, 1909, Anant Laxman Kanhere (a member of the Abhinav Bharat Society) shot Nashik Collector A M T Jackson in the Nashik Theatre. The Nashik Conspiracy Case is the name given to this sensational murder.