First, let us know the significance of Legal Reasoning in CLAT.
1. This section tests - Legal Reasoning ability.
2. This section is based on - current events, legal facts, and principles of law.
3. The motive of the section is - to judge a candidate's legal aptitude, problem-solving ability, and research aptitude.
4. This section now focuses - more on Reasoning and Comprehension skills.
CLAT 2022 (UG) New Pattern
CLAT will be a 2-hour test, with 150 multiple-choice questions carrying 1 mark each. There will be a negative marking of 0.25 marks for every wrong answer.
No. of Qs
Current Affairs, including General Knowledge
- For each correct answer, a +1 mark will be awarded.
- Negative Marking - For each wrong answer, 0.25 mark will be deducted.
Weightage of the Legal Reasoning Section in CLAT
1. Weightage: Roughly 25% of the paper.
2. Total Questions: 35 - 39 Multi choice questions.
3. Total Marks: 35 - 39 (+1 mark for each Qs)
The pattern of the Legal Reasoning Question
1. Paper more reading-oriented now as paragraphs with legal content ranging from 400-450 words will be provided.
2. Now - Principle and facts will not be supplied separately to you.
3. A passage may have more than one principle and more than one set of incidents.
5. In some instances, the questions may ask you to apply the same principle to different fact situations,
6. Whereas in others, each question may relate to a different principle and fact situation.
Should we do the Indian Constitution?
- You need to familiar with the most fundamental source for any law in the country.
- Though it is not a test of memory but, it is a Test of Skills.
- So, direct questions wouldn’t be asked from the Indian Constitution, but it can be indirectly asked in the form of questions or it can be incorporated in the passage.
Should we do Static Legal Knowledge?
Of Course – Yes!
- In order to understand the Legal Reasoning section, you need to do it.
- But, do not overdo it.
How It help you?
- Even if all the questions are based on Legal Reasoning, you will be able to read and comprehend the Legal Principles fast in the examination.
Legal Reasoning: Topics Domains
- Indian Constitution
- Law of Contract
- Law of Torts
- Criminal Law
- Important/landmark Judgments
- Recent Legal Development / Amendments
Tips to solve Legal Reasoning
1. First Step - Read through the passage carefully, and identify the principles set out in it.
2. The second step - Read through each question carefully to see if it relates to the same facts as are set out in the passage.
3. Make sure you pay close attention to each question, determine which principle and facts have been called into question.
4. Now that you have both, the principle and the facts identified, and only then attempt the answer.
Types of questions that can be asked
- Identifying and inferring the principles and rules given in the passage.
- Applying such principles and rules to different fact situations.
- Understanding how changes to the principles or rules may make amends in their application to different fact situations.
- You will be given hypothetical situations and have to decide the case applying the legal knowledge provided to them in the passage.
Tips to excel in this Section!
The best way to prepare!
1. Read - Read articles related to static and current legal issues.
2. Read at least half an hour a day.
3. Special emphasis on recent landmark judgments (especially constitutional), recent bills, and recent legal happenings.
4. Read newspaper editorials related to legal affairs.
5. Read some books on important landmark judgments etc.
How reading will help you!
- It improves your reading legal knowledge.
- It enriches legal terms.
- It enhances your confidence.
- It improves your reading & logical skills.
- Give knowledge about the current aﬀairs & legal events.
- To get better results in exams you need to learn constantly. And the best way to learn is to read effectively and a lot.
Improve Your Legal Vocabulary!
1. Improve your legal vocabulary including legal jargon, legal terms, foreign phrases, and maxims.
2. To improves this area, go through the list of such terms with their meanings multiple times will help.
3. Lookup for a term if you do not understand the meaning. Practice this while preparing for the legal passages.
Books To Read!
- India After Gandhi by Ramchandra Guha
- The Dramatic Decade (Indu Bhan)
- Legal Eagles by Indu Bhan [inspiring biographies of legal luminaries]
- We the People by Nani Palkhiwala [essays and articles by probably the greatest lawyer ever born in India]
- We the Nation by Nani Palkhiwala [essays and articles by the man who argued one of the most complex matters before the Supreme Court: Kesavananda Bharati case]
- Before Memory Fades by Fali S. Nariman (autobiography of a living giant of the BAR)
- Ten Judgements That Changed India by Zia Mody
- India After Independence by Bipan Chandra
- A People's Constitution (Rohit Dey)
- Nationalism (Rabindranath Thakur), no TAGORE business!!!
- Poonachi (Perumal Murugan)
- At Home (Bill Bryson)
Legal Reasoning: Best sources
- Supreme Court Judgements
- The Indian Express
- The Hindu
- Live Law
- The Economic Times
- Bar and Bench
- Live mint
- The Economist
- The Guardian
- The Wire
- Bloomberg Quint
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