CLAT 2022- How to approach Error Spotting

By Aman Prakash|Updated : September 2nd, 2021

Check this article to find out how to deal with one of the most important topics of the English Language section- Error Spotting. This article will help you in shaping up your skills for various law entrance exams. Error Spotting is considered to be one of the important topics for Law Exams and it can be scored off well if prepared well.

Error Spotting is one of the most important chapters which leaves candidates a bit confused and most of the aspirants leave these questions untouched.

Rules on Error Spotting for Law Entrance Exams

1. ‘No sooner’ is followed by ‘than’

     (i) No sooner had I entered the class when the students stood up. (Incorrect)
    (ii) No sooner had I entered the class than the students stood up. (Correct)

Note: The Sentence Form must be past perfect or past indefinite

2. More than one indicates a plural sense, but it is treated as a sort of compound of one. Thus it agrees with a singular noun and takes a singular verb.

Example:
 (i) More than employees were killed in the accident. (Incorrect)
(ii) More than one employee was killed in the accident. (Correct)

3. It is common practice in conversation to make a statement and ask for confirmation; as ‘it’ is very hot, isn’t it? Two points are to be kept in mind. If the statement is positive, the pattern will be

Auxiliary + n’t + Subject

If the statement is negative, the pattern will be

Auxiliary + subject

Example:
(i) It is raining, is it? (Incorrect)
(ii) It is raining isn’t it? (Correct)
(iii) You are not busy, aren’t you? (Incorrect)
(iv) You are not busy, are you? (Correct)

4. ‘The two first’ is a meaningless expression for it implies that two things may be first. We should say ‘the first two’.

Example:
(i) The two first chapters of the novel are dull. (Incorrect)
(ii) The first two chapters of the novel are dull. (Correct)

 5.‘Only’ should be placed immediately before the word it qualifies.

Example:
(i) He only lost his ticket in the stampede. (Incorrect)
(ii) Only he lost his ticket in the stampede. (Correct)

 6. An infinitive verb should not be split.

Example:
(i) I request you to kindly help me. (Incorrect)
(ii) I request you kindly to help me. (Correct)

 7. Care should be taken with some statements like

Example:
(i) The doctor saw the pulse of the patient. (Incorrect)
(ii) The doctor felt the pulse of the patient.  (Correct)

8. Scarcely should be followed by when, not by then.

(i) Scarcely had he arrived than he had to leave again. (Incorrect)
(ii) Scarcely had he arrived when he had to leave again. (Correct)

9. Till is used of time and to is used of place.

(i) The office will remain open to six in the evening. (Incorrect)
(ii) The office will remain open till six in the evening.  (Correct)

10. The preposition “of” denotes “separation”, “at a distance from” or “far from” whereas the preposition “of” denotes cause, origin, quality, possession.

(i) He put off his coat. (Incorrect)
(ii) He put off his coat. (Separation) (Correct)
(iii) He died of cancer. (Incorrect)
(iv) He died of cancer. (Cause) (Correct)

11. Beside means by the side of while besides means in addition to.

(i) He sat beside the chair. (Incorrect)
(ii) He sat beside the chair. (Correct)

12. Between is used for only two things or persons while among is used for more than two.

(i) You have to choose between tea and coffee. (Incorrect)
(ii) You have to choose between tea and coffee. (Correct)

13. Above and below merely denote position while over and under also carry a sense of covering or movement.

(i) The bird flew above the lake. (Incorrect)
(ii) The bird flew over the lake. (Correct)

14. During is used when we are talking about the time within which something happens. For is used when we are talking about how long something lasts.

(i) There were few incidents of irregularity for the Emergency years. (Incorrect)
(ii) There were few incidents of irregularity during the Emergency years. (Correct)

15. There are some nouns that indicate length, measure, money, weight or number. When they are preceded by a numeral, they remain unchanged in form.

Foot, meter, pair, score, dozen, head, year, hundred, thousand, million

(i) It is a three – years degree course. (Incorrect)
(ii) It is a three–year degree course. (Correct)

16. Some nouns are always used in a plural form and always take a plural verb.

Trousers, scissors, spectacles stockings, shorts measles, goods, alms, premises, tidings, annals, chattels, etc.

Example:

(i) Where is my trouser? (Incorrect)
(ii) Where are my trousers? (Correct)

 17. A pronoun must agree with its antecedent in person, number, and gender.

Example:

(i) Every man must bring his luggage.
(ii) All students must do their homework.
(iii) Each of the girls must carry her own bag.

18. The pronoun ‘one must be followed by ‘one's.

Example:

(i) One must finish his task on time. ( Incorrect)
(ii) One must finish one’s task on time ( Correct)

19. ‘Whose’ is used for living persons and ‘which’ for lifeless objects.

Example:

(i) Which photograph is lying here? ( Incorrect)
(ii) Whose photograph is living there? ( Correct)

20. Use of ‘less’ and ‘fewer’

Example:

‘Less’ denotes quantity and ‘fewer denotes the number.

(i) No less than fifty persons were (Incorrect)
(ii) No fewer than fifty people were (Correct)

21.‘One of’ always takes a plural noun after it.

Example:

(i) It is one of the most important days of my life. (Incorrect)
(ii) It is one of the most important days in my life. (Correct)

22. Use of ‘not only ‘and ‘but also ‘examine the sentences given below.

Example:

(i) He not only comes for swimming but also for coaching the learners. (Incorrect)
(ii) He comes not only for swimming but also for coaching the learners. (correct)

23. The adverb ‘as' is not used with verbs like ‘appointed’, ‘elected’, ‘considered’, ‘called’ but it is used with ‘regard’.

Example:
(i) I regard Ramesh my friend (Incorrect)
(ii) I regard Ramesh as my friend (Correct)

24. The case of the noun or pronoun preceding or succeeding the verb ‘to be’ should be the same.

Example:

(i) It is him who came to see us. (Incorrect)
(ii) It is he who came to see us. (Correct)
(iii) It is me who caught the thief. (Incorrect)
(iv) It is I who caught the thief. (Correct)

25. Neither is followed by nor, not by

(i) The phone neither went dead nor worked properly. (Incorrect)
(ii)The phone neither went dead nor worked properly. Correct)

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Aman PrakashAman PrakashMember since Jun 2020
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Rashmi Kant Ojha
Thanks  For the material👍🏻🙏🏻🙏🏻👍🏻

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