Basics of Conjunction for UP State Exams

By Nitin Singhal|Updated : January 15th, 2021

In various State Exams, the Conjunction is one of the important segment in English Grammar section. This will help you to solve questions related to basic grammar like Fill in the Blanks, Spotting the errors etc. The students can revise the practise the Conjunction.


What is Conjunction?

Conjunctions are the words that link other words, phrases or
clauses together. They are used as “joiners” in a particular sentence.

Example - I like cooking and eating, but I don’t like washing dishes afterwards.
Sheena is exhausted, yet she insists on dancing till dawn.


There are three different types of conjunctions The
Coordinating conjunctions, The Subordinating conjunctions and The Correlative


Coordinating conjunctions allow you to join words,
phrases and clauses of equal grammatical rank in a sentence. These conjunctions are
placed between the words or group of words that they link together and not at the beginning
or the end. There are seven coordinating conjunctions, an easy way of remembering these
seven conjunctions is to just think of the acronym ‘FANBOYS’.
For – explains reason or purpose.
And – Adds one thing to another.
Nor – Use to indicate a negative idea to an already stated negative idea.
But – Indicated contrast.
Or - Presents a choice or an alternative option.
Yet – Indicates a contrasting idea.
So – Indicates effect: result or consequence.

Examples of coordinating conjunctions:
• I always take a novel to read, yet I never seem to turn a single page.
• I watch the swans on the lake and the kids playing soccer.
• I go to the park every Wednesday, for I love to watch the swans on the lake.
• Pizza and burgers are my favourite snack.

2.SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS: Subordinating conjunction is used to join two clauses.
A subordinating conjunction introduces a dependent clause, tying it to an independent
clause. A dependent clause cannot stand alone as a complete sentence; on the contrary, an
independent clause can stand alone as a complete sentence on its own.
This type of conjunction may appear at the beginning or between two clauses of a sentence.
Also, a comma should be placed between the two clauses.
Common subordinating conjunctions:
• As soon as
• Although
• Before
• Because
• Even if
• While
• How
• If
• As if
• Provided
• Until
• Whether and so on.

Examples in sentences:
• Because of him, I learned to start my own business.
• Until you try, you’ll never know.
• Life’s been so adventurous since I moved to Australia.

3.CORRELATIVE CONJUNCTION: Correlative conjunctions are a pair of conjunctions which

are used to join equal sentence element together. These conjunctions come in pair, and you
have to use both of them in different positions to make them work in a sentence.
Correlative conjunctions work together and relate one sentence to another.

Common pairs of correlative conjunctions are:
• Either/or
• Neither/nor
• Not/but
• Not only/but also
• Whether/or

Examples in sentences:
• I want either a pink sofa or a purple one.
• I took not only the red table but also the table lamp.
• Not the cheese pizza for me but definitely the bread.
• Both my brothers and my father are lawyers.


The conjunctive adverbs are not real conjunctions; these kinds of words function as
conjunctions in a sentence.
• Hence
• Still
• Thus
• Instead
• In fact
• Indeed
• However
• In Addition
• After all
• Instead
• In fact
• Otherwise, and so on.
Conjunctive adverbs are used to show sequence, contrast, cause and effect and other

RULES OF CONJUNCTION: There are some important rules for using conjunctions.
• Conjunctions are used for connecting thoughts, actions and ideas as well as nouns,
clauses and other parts of speech. For examples: Mina went to the grocery shop and
bought apples.
• When conjunctions are used, make sure that all the parts of your sentences agree.
• Conjunctions are very useful for making lists. For example, I bought apples, oranges,
bananas and strawberries from the market.

Conjunction Examples in sentences:
• You can have orange ice cream or a chocolate treat.
• I’d like a car for commuting to work.
• I have two dogs and a cat.

• I tried to hit the nail but hit my thumb instead.
• I try very hard in class, yet I am not getting any good grades.

Conjunction list:
• But
• For
• Or
• Nor
• Neither
• Because
• Not only
• Yet
• So
• Whether
• Just as
• And
• As and so on.


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