Important Rules to solve Para jumble Questions
To make sure that you mark the answers correctly in para jumble questions, Follow the approaches given below to solve the question. -
1) Firstly, read the sentences attentively and try to comprehend the central idea or theme of the paragraph.
2) In the second step, identify the opening and the closing sentence of the paragraph. The sentence which introduces the new characters and independent of other sentences is generally the opening (first) sentence. To identify the closing sentence, look out for the sentence which can conclude the paragraph. The last sentence must be logically connected to the entire paragraph and should not be abrupt.
3) The third step is to identify the mandatory pairs. Identify those two sentences, which are linked or connected in any way. Two sentences can be connected through various connectors and other determinants such as -
(i) Examples and other follow-ups.
(ii) Connecting words such as ‘hence’, ‘therefore’, ‘thus’ etc.
(iii) Continuation of an idea.
4) To arrange the sentences properly, identify the transition words. Transition words help in finding the next sentence as they function like logical connectors between the two sentences. With the help of transition words, you can easily identify the mandatory pair as well. The most commonly used transition words in para jumble questions are as follows -
above all, also, again, as well as, accordingly, aside from, barring, besides, consequently, even so, furthermore, however, in addition, likewise, moreover, similarly, hence, subsequently, therefore, thus, generally, In the meantime, meanwhile, for instance, for example, for one thing, in other words, in short, instead, on the other hand, rather, yet, but, still, nevertheless, next, then, soon, later, while, earlier, simultaneously, afterwards, in conclusion, with this in mind, after all, all in all, to sum up, ultimately ETC.
5) In this step, identify the pronouns which are connecting the sentences with each other. For example, one sentence talks about Raman. Another sentence starts with the word 'he'.
In such a case, it implies that 'he' is referring to the 'Raman' mentioned in a previous statement. So always try to find the connections among sentences with the help of pronouns such as he, she, it, him, her, his, they, their, your etc.
Pro-tip: Eliminating the options always helps in the English Section of exams. Sometimes it is not necessary to identify all the sentences. You can rearrange the sentences just by eliminating the irrelevant option one by one.
Direction: Rearrange the following six sentences (A), (B), (C), (D), (E) and (F) in a proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph: then answer the questions that follow.
A) Financial conditions in global markets are favourable at the moment, but a significant tightening could put pressure on both the private sector and government finances—which could then affect growth prospects in these economies.
B) It is now working on a new fiscal framework aimed at reducing both the fiscal deficit and the debt stock in the coming years.
C) Government finances have worsened in emerging market economies at a time when debt in the private sector has also gone up sharply.
D) The World Bank’s new Global Economic Prospects report has highlighted increasing fiscal vulnerabilities in some emerging market and developing economies (EMDEs).
E) According to the report, in more than half the EMDEs, government debt has gone up by more than 10 percentage points of the gross domestic product, while the fiscal balance has deteriorated by five percentage points in one-third of the economies between 2007 and 2016.
F) India, meanwhile, has done well in recent years by lowering the fiscal deficit.
Answer: The correct Sequence is DECAFB.
First Sentence - Option D should be the first statement as it introduces us to the subject i.e increasing fiscal vulnerabilities in the EMDEs as highlighted in the World Bank’s new Global Economic Prospects report.
Second Sentence - Next follows statement E further elaborating the facts stated in the report that the government debt is soaring and fiscal balance has deteriorated.
Third Sentence - It should be followed by Statement C as it connects to the worsening government finances stated in the preceding statement.
Fourth Sentence - The next statement should be option A as it states that as far as the financial conditions of the global market is concerned, there is nothing to worry but slight pressure on it may adversely affect these EMDEs.
Fifth Sentence - Next follows statement F that states the good performance of India during the given period.
Sixth Sentence -The use of “it” in statement B obviously relates to India mentioned in statement F.
Now go through the following two questions and answer the correct sequence of the sentences in the comment section. We will review it and update the right answers shortly -
1. Directions: Rearrange the following six sentences (A), (B), (C), (D), (E) and (F) in a proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph: then answer the questions that follow.
A) But it makes periodical estimation.
B) The uneven economic development of rural and urban areas combined with a large pool of surplus labour has pushed a large number of rural workforce to the cities.
C) It is significant to note that the share of rural areas in the NDP at factor cost has steeply declined from 62.35 per cent in 1970-71 to 48.09 per cent in 1999-00.
D) In India, the CSO does not compile rural and urban break up of GDP on an annual basis.
E) Data from NSS surveys show that the ratio of urban to rural per capita consumption increased from 1.62 in 1993-94 to 1.76 in 1999-00 and further to 1.91 in 2004-05.
F) Per capita consumption expenditure, an important indicator of human development, is also much lower in rural areas than urban areas.
2.Direction: In the following questions, the first and the last parts of a passage are numbered 1 and 6. The rest of the passage is split into four parts, named P, Q, R and S. These four parts are not given in their proper order. Read the statements and find out which of the five combinations is correct.
1) Cashless economies, as the name suggests, are those that run mostly on plastic or digital money and thus with minimal cash or money in paper form.
P. A very important factor in the running of such an economy is the confidence that the people’s money is safe in banks.
Q. But, it is not just the easiest way to transact, but also brings about a lot more transparency in the financial system, which helps in curbing black money, discourages tax evasion and ultimately leads to lesser funding for illegal trades and activities including terrorism.
R. This is possible in mostly those countries where there is greater financial literacy and citizens are aware of the benefits of going cashless.
S. Also, going cashless is much more convenient.
6) Thus, because of the multiplying effect of the benefits, many developing economies are adopting the cashless approach and are going digital.