Study Notes MP: Soil Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

By Trupti Thool|Updated : June 14th, 2022

Soil is the most important factor for the determination of vegetation in any region. The rocks present in Madhya Pradesh have an important contribution to determine the nature of the soil. Therefore, organic matter is mostly found in the soil of Madhya Pradesh. Various facts related to the soil found in Madhya Pradesh will be told in this article.

In this article, we are providing the facts relating to Soil Distribution in Madhya Pradesh. It Consists of the main Constituents of each soil and minerals that each type of soil lacks, their properties and further its distribution in various districts of Madhya Pradesh. Every Year MPPCS asks questions relating this so, in order to help the aspirants, we have created this master list of Soil Distribution in Madhya Pradesh such that it will be one point source of reading for the aspirants. This is crucial for all upcoming MPPCS and other state-related preliminary examinations.

Soil Distribution in Madhya Pradesh: Main Constituents; Nature; Area; Main Crops


Main Constituent





Main Crops

Alluvial Soil


Phosphorus, humus, nitrogen, organic material


North-Western Madhya Pradesh

Morena, Bhind, Gwalior, Shivpuri, Sheopur

Wheat, cotton, sugarcane

Red-Yellow Soil

Iron oxides, lime, aluminium

Nitrogen, humus, phosphorus

Acidic to basic

Eastern part of Bundelkhand

Mandla, Balaghat, Shahdol, Sidhi Katni, Umaria

Rice, wheat etc

Dark Black Soil

Iron, magnesium lime and solubles of HCL

Phosphorus, nitrogen, humus, carbonic elements


Valley of Narmada river Malwa plateau and Satpura

Hoshangabad, Harda

Wheat, jowar, oilseeds, gram

Normal Black Soil

Iron, lime and solubles of HCL

Phosphorus, nitrogen, humus


Northern Malwa, Nimar

Guna, Shajapur, Sehore, Ujjain, Vidisha, Bhopal

Wheat, cotton, groundnut

Layered Black Soil

Aluminium, iron oxides 

Phosphorus, nitrogen, humus



Chhindwara, Seoni, Betul

Wheat and rice

Laterite Soil


Phosphorus, nitrogen


Chambal valley

Gwalior, Bhind, Morena, Shivpuri

Wheat, sugarcane, cotton, coconut etc

Mixed Soil


Phosphorus,  nitrogen, organic compounds


Plateau region

Tikamgarh, Panna, Satna, Rewa, Sidhi

Jowar, barley, coarse, grains

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